What does information mean?

Definitions for information
ˌɪn fərˈmeɪ ʃənin·for·ma·tion

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word information.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. information, infonoun

    a message received and understood

  2. informationnoun

    knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

  3. informationnoun

    formal accusation of a crime

  4. data, informationnoun

    a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn

    "statistical data"

  5. information, selective information, entropynoun

    (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome

    "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"


  1. Informationnoun

    (Information Theory) A measure of the number of possible choices of messages contained in a symbol, signal, transmitted message, or other information-bearing object; it is usually quantified as the negative logarithm of the number of allowed symbols that could be contained in the message; for logarithms to the base 2, the measure corresponds to the unit of information, the hartley, which is log210, or 3.323 bits; called also information content. The smallest unit of information that can be contained or transmitted is the bit, corresponding to a yes-or-no decision.

  2. Informationnoun

    (Computers) Useful facts, as contrasted with raw data; as, among all this data, there must be some interesting information.

  3. Informationnoun

    Any fact or set of facts, knowledge, news, or advice, whether communicated by others or obtained by personal study and investigation; any datum that reduces uncertainty about the state of any part of the world; intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation, or instruction.


  1. informationnoun

    Things that are or can be known about a given topic; communicable knowledge of something.

    I need some more information about this issue.

  2. informationnoun

    The act of informing or imparting knowledge; notification.

    For your information, I did this because I wanted to.

  3. informationnoun

    A statement of criminal activity brought before a judge or magistrate; in the UK, used to inform a magistrate of an offence and request a warrant; in the US, an accusation brought before a judge without a grand jury indictment.

  4. informationnoun

    The act of informing against someone, passing on incriminating knowledge; accusation.

  5. informationnoun

    The systematic imparting of knowledge; education, training.

  6. informationnoun

    The creation of form; the imparting of a given quality or characteristic; forming, animation.

  7. informationnoun

    Divine inspiration.

  8. informationnoun

    Any unambiguous abstract data, the smallest possible unit being the bit.

  9. informationnoun

    A service provided by telephone which provides listed telephone numbers of a subscriber.

  10. informationnoun

    As contrasted with data, knowledge which is gathered as a result of processing data.

    And as you can see in this slide, we then take the raw data and convert it into information.

  11. Etymology: From informacioun, enformation et al., informacion, enformacion et al. (French: information), and their source, informatio, from the participle stem of informare.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Informationnoun

    Etymology: informatio, Lat. from inform.

    But reason with the fellow,
    Lest you should chance to whip your information,
    And beat the messenger who bids beware
    Of what is to be dreaded. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

    The active informations of the intellect filling the passive reception of the will, like form closing with matter, grew actuate into a third and distinct perfection of practice. South.

    They gave those complex ideas names, that the things they were continually to give and receive information about, might be the easier and quicker understood. John Locke.

    He should regard the propriety of his words, and get some information in the subject he intends to handle. Jonathan Swift.

    These men have had longer opportunities of information, and are equally concerned with ourselves. John Rogers.


  1. Information

    Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it is that which answers the question of "what an entity is" and thus defines both its essence and nature of its characteristics. The concept of information has different meanings in different contexts. Thus the concept becomes related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, education, knowledge, meaning, understanding, mental stimuli, pattern, perception, representation, and entropy. Information is associated with data, as data represents values attributed to parameters, and information is data in context and with meaning attached. Information also relates to knowledge, as knowledge signifies understanding of an abstract or concrete concept.In terms of communication, information is expressed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation. That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message. Information can be encoded into various forms for transmission and interpretation (for example, information may be encoded into a sequence of signs, or transmitted via a signal). It can also be encrypted for safe storage and communication. The uncertainty of an event is measured by its probability of occurrence and is inversely proportional to that. The more uncertain an event, the more information is required to resolve uncertainty of that event. The bit is a typical unit of information, but other units such as the nat may be used. For example, the information encoded in one "fair" coin flip is log2(2/1) = 1 bit, and in two fair coin flips is log2(4/1) = 2 bits.


  1. information

    Information can be defined as data or knowledge that is organized and communicated in a meaningful way. It encompasses facts, details, or instructions that are used to understand or make decisions about a particular subject or situation. Information can be communicated through various means, such as written texts, spoken words, images, or digital formats, and it plays a crucial role in enabling individuals, organizations, or systems to acquire, analyze, and utilize knowledge effectively.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Informationverb

    the act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence

  2. Informationverb

    news, advice, or knowledge, communicated by others or obtained by personal study and investigation; intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation, or instruction

  3. Informationverb

    a proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some offens against the government, instituted and prosecuted, really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on behalt of the government. It differs from an indictment in criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding of a grand juri. See Indictment

  4. Etymology: [F., fr. L. informatio representation, conception. See Inform, v. t.]


  1. Information

    Information, in its general sense, is "Knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance". Information cannot be predicted and resolves uncertainty. The uncertainty of an event is measured by its probability of occurrence and is inversely proportional to that. The more uncertain an event is more information is required to resolve uncertainty of that event. The amount of information is measured in bits. Example: information in one "fair" coin flip: log2 = 1 bit, and in two fair coin flips is log2 = 2 bits. Information, in its most restricted technical sense, is a sequence of symbols that can be interpreted as a message. Information can be recorded as signs, or transmitted as signals. Information is any kind of event that affects the state of a dynamic system. Conceptually, information is the message being conveyed. The meaning of this concept varies in different contexts. Moreover, the concept of information is closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, instruction, knowledge, meaning, understanding, mental stimuli, pattern, perception, representation, and entropy.

Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

  1. information

    1. Facts, data, or instructions in any medium or form. 2. The meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in their representation.

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. information

    In admiralty courts, implies a clause introduced into a citation, intimating that in the event of a party cited not appearing, the court will proceed in his absence.

Editors Contribution

  1. information

    Communication or knowledge.

    The new information is easy to understand and contributes to the efficient achievement of the sustainable development goals.

    Submitted by MaryC on March 5, 2020  

Suggested Resources

  1. information

    The information symbol -- In this Symbols.com article you will learn about the meaning of the information symbol and its characteristic.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'information' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #211

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'information' in Written Corpus Frequency: #449

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'information' in Nouns Frequency: #46

How to pronounce information?

How to say information in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of information in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of information in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of information in a Sentence

  1. Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake:

    I'm going to make sure that as we get information that we can confirm, we're going to put that information out in the public, i want people to understand that I have no interest in hiding information, holding back information.

  2. Stewart Brand:

    Information Wants To Be Free. Information also wants to be expensive. Information wants to be free because it has become so cheap to distribute, copy, and recombine---too cheap to meter. It wants to be expensive because it can be immeasurably valuable to the recipient. That tension will not go away.

  3. Pamela Wheelock:

    We need to have enough information about a suspect so that somebody can reasonably use that information to help keep themselves safe, unless we have a sufficiency of information, we’re not actually going to use any suspect information.

  4. Gill Pratt:

    As these vehicles travel, they produce a tremendous amount of information. Information about the vehicle, information about the environment and the information about the driver, we can use that information for tremendous social good. It is the key to accelerate the evolution of our future technology.

  5. Ursula K. LeGuin:

    When action grows unprofitable, gather information when information grows unprofitable, sleep.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for information

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"information." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 10 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/information>.

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    be contingent upon (something that is elided)
    • A. depend
    • B. interrogate
    • C. inspire
    • D. interrupt

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