an army unit consisting of soldiers who fight on foot
"there came ten thousand horsemen and as many fully-armed foot"
Soldiers who fight on foot (on land), as opposed to cavalry and other mounted units, regardless of external transport (e.g. airborne).
The part of an army consisting of infantry soldiers, especially opposed to mounted and technical troops
A regiment of infantry
Origin: From infanterie, from older , possibly from infantería "foot soldiers, force composed of those too inexperienced or low in rank for cavalry," from infante "foot soldier," originally "a youth", either way from infans '(child) who doesn't speak (yet)' (from in- 'non-' + fari 'to speak')
a body of children
a body of soldiers serving on foot; foot soldiers, in distinction from cavalry
Origin: [F. infanterie, It. infanteria, fr. infante infant, child, boy servant, foot soldier, fr. L. infans, -antis, child; foot soldiers being formerly the servants and followers of knights. See Infant.]
Infantry is the branch of an army who fight on foot — soldiers specifically trained to engage, fight, and defeat the enemy in face-to-face combat; infantrymen thus bear the brunt of warfare, and suffer the greatest number of casualties. Historically, as the oldest branch of the combat arms, the infantry are the backbone of a modern army, and continually undergo training that is more stressful and demanding than that of any other branch of the combat arms, or of the army. The infantry’s greater emphasis upon discipline, physical fitness, and psychological strength develop reflexive skills that allow the spontaneous deployment of sustained aggression and violence, which make a weapon-system of the infantryman, whether armed or unarmed. Infantrymen are distinguished from soldiers trained to fight on horseback, from tanks, and as technicians, by their greatly developed combat skills, such as movement techniques, firearms proficiency, and field craft. Infantry can enter and manœver in terrain that is inaccessible to military vehicles and to battle tanks, and employ infantry support weapons that provide sustained firepower, in the absence of artillery. The transport and delivery of infantrymen to battle include marching and mechanised, airborne, air assault, and amphibious techniques.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
in′fant-ri, n. foot-soldiers. [Fr. infanterie—It. infanteria—infante, fante, a child, a servant, a foot-soldier—L. infantem, infans.]
Dictionary of Nautical Terms
Foot soldiers of the regular army; so called throughout Europe after the original Spanish "infanteria," or troops of the infanta or queen of Spain, who first developed on a large scale the importance of the arm.
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
(Lat. infans, “child,” or “servant,” applied to servants who went on foot, and infanterie, to foot-soldiers generally). Is that portion of a military establishment using small-arms and equipped for marching and fighting on foot, in contradistinction to artillery and cavalry. It is the oldest of the “three arms” into which armies are conventionally divided; was the favorite of the Greeks, the Gauls, the Germans, and the Franks, and was that mainly with which Rome conquered the world. Under Grecian and Roman civilization it attained pre-eminence as the arm of battle, but fell into contempt and comparative desuetude early in the Middle Ages, and did not emerge from that obscurity till the decline of the feudal system. It was first revived by the Swiss, who, armed with the pike, withstood the most famous chivalry of Europe. Afterwards the Spanish infantry, armed with the musket, and led by Alva and the Duke of Parma, Cortez and Pizarro, became the terror of two continents. The other states of Europe were not slow in learning the lesson. Infantry steadily increased in power and importance from the first years of the 14th century, and is now recognized as constituting the principal strength of military organizations. This importance results from the fact that it can be used everywhere, “in mountains or on plains, in woody or open countries, in cities or in fields, on rivers or at sea, in the redoubt or in the attack on the breach.” It is the self-sustaining arm in the field of battle, and is, moreover, less expensive, man for man, than its auxiliaries.
Etymology and Origins
Foot soldiers, so called, not because, like children, they have to be trained to walk, but for the reason that one of the Infantes of Spain collected a body of armed men, unmounted, to rescue his father, the King, from captivity at the hands of the Moors. Afterwards foot soldiers in Spain and Italy received the name of Enfanteria.
The numerical value of infantry in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of infantry in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
Examples of infantry in a Sentence
We're an infantry brigade, our primary mission is ground fighting. This is as real as it gets.
We've already been training in battlefield medicine, infantry skills, logistics, in tactical intelligence.
Overall deployment of the 700-stong Chinese infantry battalion and its equipment will take more than two months to complete.
Mike Viti just got out of a tough deployment to Afghanistan with the 4th Infantry Division, and I had just come back from my third deployment.
The Army has chosen to increase the cross-country mobility of the Bradley, allowing it to go further into off-road situations to support infantry formations.
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Translations for infantry
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- tercio, regimiento de infantería, infanteríaSpanish
- infanterie, infantry, fantassins, régiment d'infanterieFrench
- coisridhScottish Gaelic
- fanteria, fanteItalian
- 보병, 步兵Korean
- voetvolk, infanterie, infanterieregimentDutch
- infantaria, infantePortuguese
- regiment de infanterie, infanterieRomanian
- пехота, пехотинецRussian
- infanteri, infanteristSwedish
- bộ binh, 步兵Vietnamese
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