What does incumbent mean?

Definitions for incumbentɪnˈkʌm bənt

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word incumbent.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. incumbent, officeholder(adj)

    the official who holds an office

  2. incumbent(adj)

    lying or leaning on something else

    "an incumbent geological formation"

  3. incumbent(adj)

    necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

    "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"

  4. incumbent(adj)

    currently holding an office

    "the incumbent governor"


  1. incumbent(Noun)

    The current holder of an office, such as ecclesiastical benefice or a an elected office.

  2. incumbent(Noun)

    A holder of a position as supplier to a market or market segment that allows the holder to earn above-normal profits.

  3. incumbent(Adjective)

    Imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office.

    Proper behavior is incumbent on all holders of positions of trust.

  4. incumbent(Adjective)

    Resting on something else.

  5. incumbent(Adjective)

    Being the current holder of an office or a title.

    If the incumbent senator dies, he is replaced by a person appointed by the governor.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Incumbent(adj)

    lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent

  2. Incumbent(adj)

    lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory; always with on or upon

  3. Incumbent(adj)

    leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them

  4. Incumbent(adj)

    bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird

  5. Incumbent(noun)

    a person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office

  6. Origin: [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on + cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See Incubate.]


  1. Incumbent

    The incumbent, in politics, is the existing holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent. For example, in the 2012 United States presidential election, Barack Obama was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the previous term while the election sought to determine the president for the current term. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Incumbent

    in-kum′bent, adj. lying or resting on: lying on as a duty.—n. one who holds an ecclesiastical benefice.—n. Incum′bency, a lying or resting on: the holding of an office: an ecclesiastical benefice.—adv. Incum′bently. [L. incumbens, -entis, pr.p. of incumbĕre, to lie upon.]


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of incumbent in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of incumbent in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Sample Sentences & Example Usage

  1. Charles De Gaulle:

    The national task that had been incumbent upon me for 18 years is hereby confirmed.

  2. Ted Cruz:

    I believe our country is in crisis and I think it's incumbent on people of faith to stand up and defend our values.

  3. Jack Lin:

    It will be a challenge. Under the incumbent government (the review) would have been smoother, it is out of our hands.

  4. Matthew Levitt:

    It's the idea that if you hurt one Muslim in any part of the world, it's incumbent upon a Muslim ... to do something about it.

  5. European Parliament President Martin Schulz:

    It is incumbent on all of us to make clear that we cannot idly accept the monopolization of power in the hands of a single man.

Images & Illustrations of incumbent

  1. incumbentincumbentincumbent

Translations for incumbent

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