What does hedge mean?

Definitions for hedge

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word hedge.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. hedge, hedgerownoun

    a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes

  2. hedge, hedgingnoun

    any technique designed to reduce or eliminate financial risk; for example, taking two positions that will offset each other if prices change

  3. hedge, hedgingverb

    an intentionally noncommittal or ambiguous statement

    "when you say `maybe' you are just hedging"

  4. hedge, fudge, evade, put off, circumvent, parry, elude, skirt, dodge, duck, sidestepverb

    avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)

    "He dodged the issue"; "she skirted the problem"; "They tend to evade their responsibilities"; "he evaded the questions skillfully"

  5. hedgeverb

    hinder or restrict with or as if with a hedge

    "The animals were hedged in"

  6. hedge, hedge inverb

    enclose or bound in with or as it with a hedge or hedges

    "hedge the property"

  7. hedgeverb

    minimize loss or risk

    "diversify your financial portfolio to hedge price risks"; "hedge your bets"


  1. Hedgeverb

    To protect oneself against excessive loss in an activity by taking a countervailing action; as, to hedge an investment denominated in a foreign currency by buying or selling futures in that currency; to hedge a donation to one political party by also donating to the opposed political party.


  1. hedgenoun

    A thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes; especially, such a thicket planted as a fence between any two portions of land; and also any sort of shrubbery, as evergreens, planted in a line or as a fence; particularly, such a thicket planted round a field to fence it, or in rows to separate the parts of a garden.

    He trims the hedge once a week.

  2. hedgenoun

    A non-committal or intentionally ambiguous statement.

  3. hedgenoun

    Contract or arrangement reducing one's exposure to risk (for example the risk of price movements or interest rate movements).

    The asset class acts as a hedge.

  4. hedgenoun

    Used attributively, with figurative indication of a person's upbringing, or professional activities, taking place by the side of the road; third-rate.

  5. hedgeverb

    To enclose.

  6. hedgeverb

    To obstruct.

  7. hedgeverb

    To offset the risk associated with.

  8. hedgeverb

    To avoid verbal commitment.

    He carefully hedged his statements with weasel words.

  9. hedgeverb

    To construct or repair a hedge.

  10. hedgeverb

    To reduce one's exposure to risk.

  11. Etymology: From hegge, from hecg, from hagjō (compare Dutch heg, German Hecke), from kagʰyo-. More at haw.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Hedge

    prefixed to any word, notes something mean, vile, of the lowest class: perhaps from a hedge, or hedge-born man, a man without any known place of birth.

    There are five in the first shew: the pedant, the braggart, the hedge-priest, the fool, and the boy. William Shakespeare.

    The clergy do much better than a little hedge, contemptible, illiterate vicar can be presumed to do. Jonathan Swift.

    A person, who, by his stile and literature, seems to have been the corrector of a hedge-press in Little Britain, proceeded gradually to an author. Jonathan Swift.

  2. HEDGEnoun

    A fence made round grounds with prickly bushes.

    Etymology: hegge, Saxon.

    It is a good wood for fire, if kept dry; and is very useful for stakes in hedges. John Mortimer, Husbandry.

    The gardens unfold variety of colours to the eye every morning, and the hedges breath is beyond all perfume. Alexander Pope.

    Through the verdant maze
    Of sweet-briar hedges I pursue my walk. James Thomson.

  3. To Hedgeverb

    Etymology: from the noun.

    Hedge thy possession about with thorns. Ecclus. xxviii. 24.

    Those alleys must be hedged at both ends, to keep out the wind. Francis Bacon, Essay 47.

    I will hedge up thy way with thorns. Hos. ii. 6.

    England, hedg’d in with the main,
    That water-walled bulwark, still secure
    And confident from foreign purposes. William Shakespeare, King John.

    There’s such divinity doth hedge a king,
    That reason can but peep to what it would. William Shakespeare, Hamlet.

    It must not be paid and exported in ready money; so says our law; but that is a law to hedge in the cuckow, and serves for no purpose: for if we export not goods, for which our merchants have money due to them, how can it be paid by bills of exchange? John Locke.

    Bay not me,
    I’ll not endure it: you forget yourself
    To hedge me in: I am a soldier. William Shakespeare, Julius Cæsar.

    When I was hasty, thou delay’dst me longer:
    I pr’ythee, let me hedge one moment more
    Into thy promise; for thy life preserv’d. Dryden.

    When you are sent on an errand, be sure to hedge in some business of your own. Jonathan Swift, Directions to the Footman.

  4. To Hedgeverb

    To shift; to hide the head.

    I myself sometimes, hiding mine honour in my necessity, am fain to shuffle, to hedge, and to lurch; and yet you rogue will ensconce your rags, your catamountain looks, your red-lettice phrases. William Shakespeare.


  1. Hedge

    A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and sometimes trees, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area, such as between neighbouring properties. Hedges that are used to separate a road from adjoining fields or one field from another, and are of sufficient age to incorporate larger trees, are known as hedgerows. Often they serve as windbreaks to improve conditions for the adjacent crops, as in bocage country. When clipped and maintained, hedges are also a simple form of topiary. A hedge often operates as, and sometimes is called, a "live fence". This may either consist of individual fence posts connected with wire or other fencing material, or it may be in the form of densely planted hedges without interconnecting wire. This is common in tropical areas where low-income farmers can demarcate properties and reduce maintenance of fence posts that otherwise deteriorate rapidly. Many other benefits can be obtained depending on the species chosen.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Hedgenoun

    a thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes; especially, such a thicket planted as a fence between any two portions of land; and also any sort of shrubbery, as evergreens, planted in a line or as a fence; particularly, such a thicket planted round a field to fence it, or in rows to separate the parts of a garden

  2. Hedgeverb

    to inclose or separate with a hedge; to fence with a thickly set line or thicket of shrubs or small trees; as, to hedge a field or garden

  3. Hedgeverb

    to obstruct, as a road, with a barrier; to hinder from progress or success; -- sometimes with up and out

  4. Hedgeverb

    to surround for defense; to guard; to protect; to hem (in)

  5. Hedgeverb

    to surround so as to prevent escape

  6. Hedgeverb

    to shelter one's self from danger, risk, duty, responsibility, etc., as if by hiding in or behind a hedge; to skulk; to slink; to shirk obligations

  7. Hedgeverb

    to reduce the risk of a wager by making a bet against the side or chance one has bet on

  8. Hedgeverb

    to use reservations and qualifications in one's speech so as to avoid committing one's self to anything definite

  9. Etymology: [OE. hegge, AS. hecg; akin to haga an inclosure, E. haw, AS. hege hedge, E. haybote, D. hegge, OHG. hegga, G. hecke. 12. See Haw a hedge.]


  1. Hedge

    A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and tree species, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area. Hedges used to separate a road from adjoining fields or one field from another, and of sufficient age to incorporate larger trees, are known as hedgerows. It is also a simple form of topiary.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Hedge

    hej, n. a thicket of bushes: a fence round a field, &c.: any means of protection.—v.t. to enclose with a hedge: to obstruct: to surround: to guard: to protect one's self from loss by betting on both sides.—v.i. to shuffle: to be shifty: to skulk.—ns. Hedge′bill, Hedg′ing-bill, a bill or hatchet for dressing hedges.—adj. Hedge′-born, of low birth, as if born under a hedge or in the woods: low: obscure.—ns. Hedge′bote, an old word for the right of a tenant to cut wood on the farm or land for repairing the hedges or fences; Hedge′-creep′er, a sneaking rogue; Hedge′hog, a small prickly-backed quadruped, so called from living in hedges and bushes, and its resemblance to a hog or pig; Hedge′hog-plant, a species of medick, having the pods spirally twisted and rolled up into a ball beset with spines; Hedge′hog-this′tle, hedgehog-cactus; Hedge′-hyss′op, a European perennial plant of the figwort family, with emetic and purgative qualities; Hedge′-knife, an instrument for trimming hedges; Hedge′-mar′riage, a clandestine marriage; Hedge′-mus′tard, a genus of plants of order Cruciferæ, annual or rarely perennial, with small yellow or white flowers; Hedge′-note, a valueless literary attempt; Hedge′-par′son, a mean parson, generally illiterate; Hedge′pig (Shak.), a young hedgehog; Hedge′-priest, an ignorant itinerant priest; Hedg′er, one who dresses hedges; Hedge′row, a row of trees or shrubs for hedging fields; Hedge′-school, an open-air school kept by the side of a hedge in Ireland; Hedge′-shrew, the field-mouse; Hedge′-sparr′ow, Hedge′-war′bler, a little singing bird, like a sparrow, which frequents hedges; Hedge′-writ′er, a Grub-street author; Hedg′ing, the work of a hedger.—adj. Hedg′y. [A.S. hecg, hegg; Dut. hegge, Ger. hecke.]

The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz

  1. HEDGE

    A fence. HEDGEHOG One who hogs the fences. A Bill-Poster.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. hedge

    To surround for defense; to fortify; to guard; to protect; to hem. To surround so as to prevent escape.

Editors Contribution

  1. hedge

    A type of cultivar, plant or seed.

    As part of the landscape development contracts there was the planting of hedge.

    Submitted by MaryC on March 19, 2020  

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. HEDGE

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Hedge is ranked #8641 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Hedge surname appeared 3,805 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 1 would have the surname Hedge.

    84.7% or 3,223 total occurrences were White.
    5.9% or 228 total occurrences were Black.
    4.7% or 180 total occurrences were Asian.
    2.1% or 81 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    1.9% or 73 total occurrences were of two or more races.
    0.5% or 20 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.

British National Corpus

  1. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'hedge' in Nouns Frequency: #2219

How to pronounce hedge?

How to say hedge in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of hedge in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of hedge in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of hedge in a Sentence

  1. Chihiro Ohta:

    The mood was already sour in the morning but it deteriorated after Chinese shares reacted to the news. This pushed investors to hedge against further drops by selling futures.

  2. Donald Trump:

    This country was not built by Wall Street banks, and CEOs and hedge fund managers, it was built by the great American middle class.

  3. Bill Stone:

    Adjusting for seasonality, the gain in the index was driven by lower outflows combined with steady inflows, this indicates that investors are increasing their allocations to hedge funds as markets in the U.S. and abroad are producing uneven returns, including significant upheaval in China and Greece.

  4. Brian Busch:

    There's no reason to unwind a hedge yet.

  5. Andre Cilliers:

    Risk sentiment in markets turned negative as major stock markets suffered big losses yesterday, and investors turned to the dollar for safety, concerns surrounding stock over-valuations saw hedge funds reduce long positions, which triggered a bigger sell-off.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for hedge

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"hedge." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 28 May 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/hedge>.

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    a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile
    • A. loom
    • B. render
    • C. abase
    • D. abhor

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