What does harmattan mean?

Definitions for harmattan
ˌhɑr məˈtænhar·mat·tan

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word harmattan.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. harmattannoun

    a dusty wind from the Sahara that blows toward the western coast of Africa during the winter


  1. harmattannoun

    Parching dust-bearing land-wind on coast of Upper Guinea in December, January & February.


  1. Harmattan

    The Harmattan is a season in West Africa that occurs between the end of November and the middle of March. It is characterized by the dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind, of the same name, which blows from the Sahara over West Africa into the Gulf of Guinea. The name is related to the word haramata in the Twi language. The temperature is cold in most places, but can also be hot in certain places, depending on local circumstances.The Harmattan blows during the dry season, which occurs during the months with the lowest sun. In this season the subtropical ridge of high pressure stays over the central Sahara and the low-pressure Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) stays over the Gulf of Guinea. On its passage over the Sahara, the Harmattan picks up fine dust and sand particles (between 0.5 and 10 microns). It is also known as the "doctor wind", because of its invigorating dryness compared with humid tropical air.


  1. harmattan

    Harmattan is a dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind that blows from the Sahara Desert over the West African subcontinent typically between the end of November and the middle of March. Its characteristics include health issues in individuals, such as breathing difficulties and eye infections due to the amount of dust particles in the air. It also can reduce visibility and effect aviation operations.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Harmattannoun

    a dry, hot wind, prevailing on the Atlantic coast of Africa, in December, January, and February, blowing from the interior or Sahara. It is usually accompanied by a haze which obscures the sun

  2. Etymology: [F. harmattan, prob. of Arabic origin.]


  1. Harmattan

    The Harmattan is a dry and dusty West African trade wind. It blows south from the Sahara into the Gulf of Guinea between the end of November and the middle of March. The temperatures can be as low as 3 degrees Celsius. The name comes from or is related to an Akan cognate. On its passage over the desert it picks up fine dust particles.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Harmattan

    har-mat′an, n. a hot, dry, noxious wind which blows periodically from the interior of Africa to the Atlantic along the Guinea coast during December, January, and February. [Fanti.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Harmattan

    a hot withering wind blowing over the coast of Guinea to the Atlantic from the interior of Africa, more or less from December to February.

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. harmattan

    A Fantee name for a singular periodical easterly wind which prevails on the west coast of Africa, generally in December, January, and February; it is dry, though always accompanied by haze, the result of fine red dust suspended in the atmosphere and obscuring the sun; this wind is opposed to the sea-breeze, which would otherwise blow fresh from the west on to the land.

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How to pronounce harmattan?

How to say harmattan in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of harmattan in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of harmattan in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of harmattan in a Sentence

  1. Lazare Ake:

    There is a lot of fog in the mornings, that can help many young pods develop if the Harmattan is not strong.

  2. Salam Kone:

    If we have a little rain and a lot of sun in the two coming weeks, the trees and the fruits will be able to resist the dry season and the Harmattan well to produce many beans.

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Translations for harmattan

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"harmattan." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 25 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/harmattan>.

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