What does gauge mean?

Definitions for gauge

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word gauge.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. gauge, gagenoun

    a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.

  2. gauge, standard of measurementnoun

    accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared

  3. gaugenoun

    the distance between the rails of a railway or between the wheels of a train

  4. gaugenoun

    the thickness of wire

  5. bore, gauge, caliber, calibreverb

    diameter of a tube or gun barrel

  6. estimate, gauge, approximate, guess, judgeverb

    judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)

    "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"

  7. gaugeverb

    rub to a uniform size

    "gauge bricks"

  8. gaugeverb

    determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation

    "gauge the wine barrels"

  9. gaugeverb

    measure precisely and against a standard

    "the wire is gauged"

  10. gaugeverb

    adapt to a specified measurement

    "gauge the instruments"

  11. gaugeverb

    mix in specific proportions

    "gauge plaster"


  1. gaugenoun

    A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard

  2. gaugenoun

    An act of measuring.

  3. gaugenoun

    Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.

  4. gaugenoun

    A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.

  5. gaugenoun

    The distance between the rails of a railway.

  6. gaugenoun

    A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.

  7. gaugeverb

    To measure or determine usually with a gauge; to measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of.

  8. Etymology: From gage, gaugen, from gauger (Modern jauger), from gauge, of origin, from Old Low *, from galgô, from g'hAlgh-. Cognate with galgo, galga, gealga, galgi, gelgja.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Gaugenoun

    A measure; a standard.

    Etymology: from the verb.

    This plate must be a gage to file your worm and groove to equal breadth by. Joseph Moxon, Mech. Exer.

    If money were to be hired, as land is, or to be had from the owner himself, it might then be had at the market rate, which would be a constant gauge of your trade and wealth. John Locke.

    Timothy proposed to his mistress, that she should entertain no servant that was above four foot seven inches high; and for that purpose had prepared a gage, by which they were to be measured. John Arbuthnot, History of John Bull.

  2. To GAUGEverb

    Etymology: gauge, jauge, a measuring rod, French.

    The vanes nicely gauged on each side, broad on one side, and narrow on the other, both which minister to the progressive motion of the bird. William Derham, Physico-Theology.

    There is nothing more perfectly admirable in itself than that artful manner in ’s battles of taking measure or gaging his heroes by each other, and thereby elevating the character of one person by the opposition of it to some other he is made to excel. Alexander Pope, Essay on Homer’s Battles.


  1. gauge

    A gauge is a tool or instrument used to measure or indicate a specific value, level, or quantity. It can refer to instruments used for measuring thickness, diameter, pressure, temperature, fuel level, and various other physical properties. The term can also refer to the thickness or size of an object or material, particularly in contexts like wires, sheets of metal, or shotgun shells.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Gaugeverb

    to measure or determine with a gauge

  2. Gaugeverb

    to measure or to ascertain the contents or the capacity of, as of a pipe, barrel, or keg

  3. Gaugeverb

    to measure the dimensions of, or to test the accuracy of the form of, as of a part of a gunlock

  4. Gaugeverb

    to draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it, as cloth or a garment

  5. Gaugeverb

    to measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of

  6. Gaugenoun

    a measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard

  7. Gaugenoun

    measure; dimensions; estimate

  8. Gaugenoun

    any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or template; as, a button maker's gauge

  9. Gaugenoun

    any instrument or apparatus for measuring the state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge

  10. Gaugenoun

    relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and the lee gauge when on the lee side of it

  11. Gaugenoun

    the depth to which a vessel sinks in the water

  12. Gaugenoun

    the distance between the rails of a railway

  13. Gaugenoun

    the quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to accelerate its setting

  14. Gaugenoun

    that part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles

  15. Etymology: [Written also gage.]


  1. Gauge

    The gauge of a firearm is a unit of measurement used to express the diameter of the barrel. Gauge is determined from the weight of a solid sphere of lead that will fit the bore of the firearm, and is expressed as the multiplicative inverse of the sphere's weight as a fraction of a pound. Thus there are twelve 12-gauge balls per pound. The term is related to the measurement of cannon, which were also measured by the weight of their iron round shot; an 8 pounder would fire an 8 lb spherical cast iron ball and had a bore diameter of about 91 mm. Gauge is commonly used today in reference to shotguns, though historically it was also used in large double rifles, which were made in sizes up to 4 bore during their heyday in the 1880s, being originally loaded with black powder cartridges. These very large rifles, sometimes called elephant guns, were intended for use in India and Africa for hunting dangerous game. Gauge is abbreviated "ga.", "ga", or "G". The space between the number and the abbreviation is often left out, as in "12ga".

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Gauge

    Gage, gāj, n. a measuring-rod: a standard of measure: estimate.—v.t. to measure the contents of any vessel: to estimate ability.—adj. Gauge′able, capable of being gauged.—ns. Gaug′er, an excise officer whose business is to gauge or measure the contents of casks; Gaug′ing, the art of measuring casks containing excisable liquors; Gaug′ing-rod, an instrument for measuring the contents of casks; Broad′-, Narr′ow-gauge, in railroad construction, a distance between the rails greater or less than 56½ inches, called standard gauge. [O. Fr. gauge (Fr. jauge), gauger; prob. related to jale, bowl, to galon, gallon, or to jalon, measuring stake.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. gauge

    See GAGE.

  2. gauge

    An instrument for measuring shot, wads, &c. For round shot there are two kinds, viz. the high gauge, a cylinder through which the shot must pass; and the low gauge, a ring through which it must not pass.

Rap Dictionary

  1. gaugenoun

    A shotgun. "Hopped in his caddy, loaded his 12 gauge" -- Schoolly D (Signifying rapper).

Suggested Resources

  1. Gauge

    Gage vs. Gauge -- In this Grammar.com article you will learn the differences between the words Gage and Gauge.

How to pronounce gauge?

How to say gauge in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of gauge in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of gauge in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Examples of gauge in a Sentence

  1. Jason Pride:

    Manufacturing PMI's are a good gauge of economic growth and have risen materially in the last year, coupled with the ambitious balance sheet reduction plan, monetary policy tightening could prove a larger headwind than anticipated. Normalizing monetary policy is a good thing, but the Fed should be careful of the pace.

  2. Daniel Morgan:

    They should give us a good gauge of what is happening in China beyond smartphones because Texas Instruments is mostly industrials and autos, and Intel is PCs and servers, and they're not being driven by the Apple smartphone situation.

  3. Robert Restaino:

    We're not getting any gauge of whether we're moving in the right direction, or things are going really, really bad. There's no information that comes out with that, it's just an extension and extension.

  4. James Anthony Kenny:

    Gauge thy life wisely but gauge thy neighbors' wiser!

  5. Michelle Sanchez:

    Stacey Abrams has a very localized approach. And I think that's really important, because if we were to gauge how people are going to be voting based on the approval ratings of Joe Biden in 2020, we know that that's going to be a disaster, but Poder Latinx has been a champion here in New Georgia for so long.

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Translations for gauge

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • rozchodCzech
  • messen, Messgerät, Maß, Meter, SpurweiteGerman
  • calibración, trocha, medida, calibre, galga, medirSpanish
  • puolinormi, mittari, raideleveys, mitata, mittaFinnish
  • jauger, estimer, mesurer, étalon, gabarit, écartementFrench
  • tomhaisScottish Gaelic
  • kvarðiIcelandic
  • scartamento, calibroItalian
  • mål, sporvidde, måler, sporbreddeNorwegian
  • meten, ijk, spoorwijdte, meterDutch
  • sporvidd, sporbreidd, sporvidde, målar, mål, sporbreiddeNorwegian Nynorsk
  • mierzyć, dokonywać pomiaruPolish
  • medida, bitola, calibrePortuguese
  • [[измери́тельный]] [[прибо́р]], кали́бр, метр, разме́р, ме́ра, этало́н, колея́, измери́тель, лека́ло, [[ширина́]] [[колея, шабло́н, габари́т, масшта́бRussian
  • mäta, mätare, måttSwedish
  • gejiSwahili
  • பாதைTamil
  • วัดThai
  • 测量Chinese

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"gauge." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 26 Feb. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/gauge>.

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    a motley assortment of things
    • A. encumbrance
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