What does fetial mean?

Definitions for fetial

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word fetial.


  1. Fetial

    A fetial was a type of priest in Ancient Rome. They formed a collegium devoted to Jupiter as the patron of good faith. The duties of the fetials included advising the senate on foreign affairs and international treaties, making formal proclamations of peace and of war, and confirming treaties. They also carried out the functions of traveling heralds or ambassadors. One of the fetiales, named pater patratus, was appointed as the fetials' spokesman. The first mention of the fetials by Livy occurs in the context of the war between Alba Longa and Rome, during which the Roman king Tullus Hostilius appointed M. Valerius as a fetial and Sp. Fusius as pater patratus, for the purpose of binding Rome and Alba Longa by a treaty. According to Livy, the ritual by which the fetials were to declare war introduced to Rome by Ancus Marcius, borrowing on the traditions of the Aequicolae. However he had already described the ritual actions of the fetials when recording the wars of Tullus Hostilius. Thus some scholars think the mentions of the Aequi may be a misinterpretation due to the a folk etymology connecting Aequi to aequus, the Latin adjective for fair. On the other hand ancient sources support the tradition that the priesthood was created under the influence of Aequian king Ferter Resus.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Fetial

    fē′shal, adj. pertaining to the Roman fetiales, heraldic, ambassadorial.—Also Fē′cial.


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of fetial in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of fetial in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Images & Illustrations of fetial

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"fetial." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 18 Feb. 2019. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/fetial>.

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