Definitions for excuse
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word excuse.
excuse, alibi, exculpation, self-justificationnoun
a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.
"he kept finding excuses to stay"; "every day he had a new alibi for not getting a job"; "his transparent self-justification was unacceptable"
a note explaining an absence
"he had to get his mother to write an excuse for him"
a poor example
"it was an apology for a meal"; "a poor excuse for an automobile"
accept an excuse for
"Please excuse my dirty hands"
excuse, relieve, let off, exemptverb
grant exemption or release to
"Please excuse me from this class"
serve as a reason or cause or justification of
"Your need to sleep late does not excuse your late arrival at work"; "Her recent divorce may explain her reluctance to date again"
apologize, apologise, excuse, justify, rationalize, rationaliseverb
defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
"rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"; "he rationalized his lack of success"
excuse, beg offverb
ask for permission to be released from an engagement
excuse, overlook, or make allowances for; be lenient with
"excuse someone's behavior"; "She condoned her husband's occasional infidelities"
An explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgment.
Tell me why you were late uE000123945uE001 and I don't want to hear any excuses!
To forgive; to pardon.
I excused him his transgressions.
To allow to leave.
To provide an excuse for; to explain, with the aim of alleviating guilt or negative judgement.
You know he shouldn't have done it, so don't try to excuse his behavior!
Etymology: From excusen, from escuser, from excuso, from ex + causa; see cause and accuse.
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Etymology: from the verb.
I was set upon by some of your servants, whom because I have in my just defence evil entreated, I came to make my excuse to you. Philip Sidney.
Be gone, I will not hear thy vain excuse;
But, as thou lov’st thy life, make speed from hence. William Shakespeare.
As good success admits no examination, so the contrary allows of no excuse, how reasonable or just soever. Walter Raleigh.
We find out some excuse or other for deferring good resolutions, ’till our intended retreat is cut off by death. Addison.
Heav’n put it in thy mind to take it hence,
That thou might’st win the more thy father’s love,
Pleading so wisely in excuse of it. William Shakespeare, Henry IV.
Let no vain hope your easy mind seduce;
For rich ill poets are without excuse. Wentworth Dillon.
Nothing but love this patience could produce;
And I allow your rage that kind excuse. John Dryden, Aurengzebe.
Etymology: excuso, Latin.
Bad men excuse their faults, good men will leave them;
He acts the third crime that defends the first. Ben Jonson, Catil.
I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee, have me excused. Luke xiv. 19.
Laud attended throughout that whole journey, which he was not obliged to do, and no doubt would have been excused from it. Edward Hyde.
Nor could the real danger of leaving their dwellings to go up to the temple, excuse their journey. Robert South, Sermons.
O thou, whoe’er thou art, excuse the force
These men have us’d; and O befriend our course. Addison.
Excuse some courtly strains;
No whiter page than Addison’s remains. Alexander Pope.
Think you that we excuse ourselves unto you? 2 Cor. xii.
In jurisprudence, an excuse is a defense to criminal charges that is distinct from an exculpation. Justification and excuse are different defenses in a criminal case (See Justification and excuse). Exculpation is a related concept which reduces or extinguishes a person's culpability, such as a their liability to pay compensation to the victim of a tort in the civil law. The excuse provides a mitigating factor for a group of persons sharing a common characteristic. Justification, as in justifiable homicide, vindicates or shows the justice. Thus, society approves of the purpose or motives underpinning some actions or the consequences flowing from them (see Robinson), and distinguishes those where the behavior cannot be approved but some excuse may be found in the characteristics of the defendant, e.g. that the accused was a serving police officer or suffering from a mental illness. Thus, a justification describes the quality of the act, whereas an excuse relates to the status or capacity (or lack of it) in the accused. These factors can affect the resulting judgment which may be an acquittal, or in the case of a conviction may mitigate sentencing. An excuse may also be something that a person or persons use to explain any criticism or comments based on the outcome of any specific event.
An excuse is an explanation or justification given for someone's actions, behavior, or failure to fulfill an obligation. It is often used to absolve oneself from blame or to minimize the consequences of a mistake or wrongdoing.
Excuse can be defined as a statement or explanation given to justify or defend one's actions, behavior, or failure to fulfill a responsibility or expectation. It is often used as a means to minimize or shift blame away from oneself or to mitigate the consequences of a mistake or wrongdoing.
to free from accusation, or the imputation of fault or blame; to clear from guilt; to release from a charge; to justify by extenuating a fault; to exculpate; to absolve; to acquit
to pardon, as a fault; to forgive entirely, or to admit to be little censurable, and to overlook; as, we excuse irregular conduct, when extraordinary circumstances appear to justify it
to regard with indulgence; to view leniently or to overlook; to pardon
to free from an impending obligation or duty; hence, to disengage; to dispense with; to release by favor; also, to remit by favor; not to exact; as, to excuse a forfeiture
to relieve of an imputation by apology or defense; to make apology for as not seriously evil; to ask pardon or indulgence for
the act of excusing, apologizing, exculpating, pardoning, releasing, and the like; acquittal; release; absolution; justification; extenuation
that which is offered as a reason for being excused; a plea offered in extenuation of a fault or irregular deportment; apology; as, an excuse for neglect of duty; excuses for delay of payment
that which excuses; that which extenuates or justifies a fault
In jurisprudence, an excuse or justification is a defense to criminal charges that is distinct from an exculpation. Exculpation is related concept which reduces or extinguishes a person's culpability and therefore a person's liability to pay compensation to the victim of a tort in the civil law. The "excuse" provides a mitigating factor for a group of persons sharing a common characteristic. Justification, as in justifiable homicide, vindicates or shows the justice. Thus, society approves of the purpose or motives underpinning some actions or the consequences flowing from them, and distinguishes those where the behavior cannot be approved but some excuse may be found in the characteristics of the defendant, e.g. that the accused was a serving police officer or suffering from a mental illness. Thus, a justification describes the quality of the act, whereas an excuse relates to the status or capacity in the accused. These factors can affect the resulting judgment which may be an acquittal, or in the case of a conviction may mitigate sentencing.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
eks-kūz′, v.t. to free from blame or guilt: to forgive: to free from an obligation: to release, dispense with: to make an apology or ask pardon for.—n. (eks-kūs′) a plea offered in extenuation of a fault: indulgence.—adj. Excus′able, admitting of justification.—n. Excus′ableness.—adv. Excus′ably.—adj. Excus′atory, making or containing excuse: apologetic.—Excuse me, an expression used as an apology for any slight impropriety, or for controverting a statement that has been made. [L. excusāre—ex, from, causa, a cause, accusation.]
British National Corpus
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'excuse' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1312
Rank popularity for the word 'excuse' in Nouns Frequency: #1660
Rank popularity for the word 'excuse' in Verbs Frequency: #795
The numerical value of excuse in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of excuse in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Cowards excuse themselves by the children. Heroes excuse the children. (Les lâches s'excusent par les enfants. - Les héros excusent les enfants.)
The great difficulty is first to win a reputation; the next to keep it while you live; and the next to preserve it after you die, when affection and interest are over, and nothing but sterling excellence can preserve your name. Never suffer youth to be an excuse for inadequacy, nor age and fame to be an excuse for indolence.
It doesn’t excuse the behavior, it doesn’t excuse the … poor judgment, however you want to put it. It does not excuse those things.
Tell them dear, that if eyes were made for seeing,Then beauty is its own excuse for beingWhy thou wert there, O rival of the roseI never sought to ask, I never knewBut, in my simple ignorance supposeThe selfsame power that brought me there brought you.
... If weakness may excuse, What Murderer, what Traitor, Parricide, Incestuous, sacrilegious, but may plead it All Wickedness is Weakness That plea therefore With God or Man will gain thee no Remission.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for excuse
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- غفر, اعتذر, عذرArabic
- оправдавам, прощавам, извинение, оправданиеBulgarian
- omluvit, omluva, výmluva, záminkaCzech
- Ausrede, entschuldigen, verzeihen, sich entschuldigenGerman
- excusar, excusa, perdonarSpanish
- veruke, tekosyyFinnish
- excuse, justifier, excuser, prétexte, pardonnerFrench
- leisgeul, mathScottish Gaelic
- תירוץ, אמתלהHebrew
- scusarsi, giustificarsi, scusa, pretesto, perdonare, scusareItalian
- 言い訳をする, 言い訳, 口実, 弁解, 許すJapanese
- excuso, īgnōscō, utior, mihi īgnōscōLatin
- takunga, takutakungaMāori
- ക്ഷമിയ്ക്കുക, ഒഴിവുകഴിവ്, ക്ഷമാപണംMalayalam
- goedpraten, verontschuldigen, excuus, uitvlucht, excuseren, vergevenDutch
- unnskyldning, tilgiNorwegian
- wybaczyć, usprawiedliwićPolish
- perdoar, desculpar, desculpa, desculpar-sePortuguese
- извинить, оправдание, прощать, извиняться, отговорка, оправдать, извинение, извинять, простить, оправдыватьRussian
- ursäkta, urskuldra, ursäktSwedish
- patawarin, hayaan, magpatawad, dahilanTagalog
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"excuse." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 1 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/excuse>.