What does epidemic mean?

Definitions for epidemic
epi·dem·ic

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word epidemic.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. epidemic(adj)

    a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time

  2. epidemic(adj)

    (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously

    "an epidemic outbreak of influenza"

Wiktionary

  1. epidemic(Noun)

    A widespread disease that affects many individuals in a population.

    Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

  2. epidemic(Noun)

    An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period.

    Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

  3. epidemic(Adjective)

    Like or having to do with an epidemic; widespread

    Epidemic hysteria occurred upon the incumbent's reelection.

    Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

Wikipedia

  1. Epidemic

    An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. For example, in meningococcal infections, an attack rate in excess of 15 cases per 100,000 people for two consecutive weeks is considered an epidemic.Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by several factors including a change in the ecology of the host population (e.g. increased stress or increase in the density of a vector species), a genetic change in the pathogen reservoir or the introduction of an emerging pathogen to a host population (by movement of pathogen or host). Generally, an epidemic occurs when host immunity to either an established pathogen or newly emerging novel pathogen is suddenly reduced below that found in the endemic equilibrium and the transmission threshold is exceeded.An epidemic may be restricted to one location; however, if it spreads to other countries or continents and affects a substantial number of people, it may be termed a pandemic. The declaration of an epidemic usually requires a good understanding of a baseline rate of incidence; epidemics for certain diseases, such as influenza, are defined as reaching some defined increase in incidence above this baseline. A few cases of a very rare disease may be classified as an epidemic, while many cases of a common disease (such as the common cold) would not.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Epidemic(adj)

    alt. of Epidemical

    Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

  2. Epidemic(noun)

    an epidemic disease

    Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

  3. Epidemic(noun)

    anything which takes possession of the minds of people as an epidemic does of their bodies; as, an epidemic of terror

    Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

Freebase

  1. Epidemic

    In epidemiology, an epidemic occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is expected based on recent experience. Epidemiologists often consider the term outbreak to be synonymous to epidemic, but the general public typically perceives outbreaks to be more local and less serious than epidemics. Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by a change in the ecology of the host population, a genetic change in the parasite population or the introduction of a new parasite to a host population. Generally, an epidemic occurs when host immunity to a parasite population is suddenly reduced below that found in the endemic equilibrium and the transmission threshold is exceeded. An epidemic may be restricted to one location; however, if it spreads to other countries or continents and affects a substantial number of people, it may be termed a pandemic. The declaration of an epidemic usually requires a good understanding of a baseline rate of incidence; epidemics for certain diseases, such as influenza, are defined as reaching some defined increase in incidence above this baseline. A few cases of a very rare disease may be classified as an epidemic, while many cases of a common disease would not.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Epidemic

    -al, ep-i-dem′ik, -al, adj. affecting a community at a certain time: general.—n. Epidem′ic, a disease falling on great numbers in one place, simultaneously or in succession.—adv. Epidem′ically.—n. Epidemiol′ogy, the science of epidemics. [Gr. epidēmos, general—epi, among, dēmos, the people.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Epidemic

    a name given to contagious diseases which, arising suddenly in a community, rapidly spread through its members, often travelling from district to district, until often a whole country is affected; the theory of the transmission of disease by microbes has largely explained the spread of such scourges, but the part which atmospheric and other physical, and perhaps psychic, causes play in these disorders is still matter of debate, especially as regards epidemic mental diseases. See Endemic.

Suggested Resources

  1. epidemic

    Song lyrics by epidemic -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by epidemic on the Lyrics.com website.

How to pronounce epidemic?

  1. Alex
    US English
    Daniel
    British
    Karen
    Australian
    Veena
    Indian

How to say epidemic in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of epidemic in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of epidemic in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of epidemic in a Sentence

  1. Jack Greatrex:

    You hear of the plague, and instantly you think of Black Death which ravages Europe, it has that enormous historical baggage, it's where lots of our ideas about what it means to have an epidemic comes from.

  2. Ross MacDonald:

    We've seen a dramatic change, the most important intervention was a concerted effort at depopulation, which allowed us, I think, to do much better than many systems around the country despite having a broader epidemic that was more severe than anywhere in the country.

  3. Susan Sherman:

    We are at a pivotal moment in the overdose epidemic, and we need to embrace the full range of interventions that can save lives.

  4. Keir Starmer:

    I am putting the prime minister on notice that he has got to get a grip and restore public confidence in the government's handling of the epidemic, if we see a sharp rise in the R rate, the infection rate ... responsibility for that falls squarely at the door of No 10. We all know the public have made huge sacrifices. This mismanagement of the last few weeks is the responsibility of the government.

  5. George Bernard Shaw:

    A fashion is nothing but an induced epidemic.

Images & Illustrations of epidemic

  1. epidemicepidemicepidemicepidemicepidemic

Popularity rank by frequency of use

epidemic#10000#13501#100000

Translations for epidemic

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for epidemic »

Translation

Find a translation for the epidemic definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Discuss these epidemic definitions with the community:

0 Comments

    Citation

    Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:

    Style:MLAChicagoAPA

    "epidemic." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 17 Jun 2021. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/epidemic>.

    Are we missing a good definition for epidemic? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Browse Definitions.net

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Quiz

    Are you a words master?

    »
    the act of carrying something
    • A. embark
    • B. doom
    • C. carry
    • D. demolish

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for epidemic: