What does epidemic mean?

Definitions for epidemic
epi·dem·ic

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word epidemic.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. epidemic(adj)

    a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time

  2. epidemic(adj)

    (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously

    "an epidemic outbreak of influenza"

Wiktionary

  1. epidemic(Noun)

    A widespread disease that affects many individuals in a population.

    Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

  2. epidemic(Noun)

    An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period.

    Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

  3. epidemic(Adjective)

    Like or having to do with an epidemic; widespread

    Epidemic hysteria occurred upon the incumbent's reelection.

    Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

Wikipedia

  1. Epidemic

    An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. For example, in meningococcal infections, an attack rate in excess of 15 cases per 100,000 people for two consecutive weeks is considered an epidemic.Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by several factors including a change in the ecology of the host population (e.g. increased stress or increase in the density of a vector species), a genetic change in the pathogen reservoir or the introduction of an emerging pathogen to a host population (by movement of pathogen or host). Generally, an epidemic occurs when host immunity to either an established pathogen or newly emerging novel pathogen is suddenly reduced below that found in the endemic equilibrium and the transmission threshold is exceeded.An epidemic may be restricted to one location; however, if it spreads to other countries or continents and affects a substantial number of people, it may be termed a pandemic. The declaration of an epidemic usually requires a good understanding of a baseline rate of incidence; epidemics for certain diseases, such as influenza, are defined as reaching some defined increase in incidence above this baseline. A few cases of a very rare disease may be classified as an epidemic, while many cases of a common disease (such as the common cold) would not.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Epidemic(adj)

    alt. of Epidemical

    Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

  2. Epidemic(noun)

    an epidemic disease

    Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

  3. Epidemic(noun)

    anything which takes possession of the minds of people as an epidemic does of their bodies; as, an epidemic of terror

    Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

Freebase

  1. Epidemic

    In epidemiology, an epidemic occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is expected based on recent experience. Epidemiologists often consider the term outbreak to be synonymous to epidemic, but the general public typically perceives outbreaks to be more local and less serious than epidemics. Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by a change in the ecology of the host population, a genetic change in the parasite population or the introduction of a new parasite to a host population. Generally, an epidemic occurs when host immunity to a parasite population is suddenly reduced below that found in the endemic equilibrium and the transmission threshold is exceeded. An epidemic may be restricted to one location; however, if it spreads to other countries or continents and affects a substantial number of people, it may be termed a pandemic. The declaration of an epidemic usually requires a good understanding of a baseline rate of incidence; epidemics for certain diseases, such as influenza, are defined as reaching some defined increase in incidence above this baseline. A few cases of a very rare disease may be classified as an epidemic, while many cases of a common disease would not.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Epidemic

    -al, ep-i-dem′ik, -al, adj. affecting a community at a certain time: general.—n. Epidem′ic, a disease falling on great numbers in one place, simultaneously or in succession.—adv. Epidem′ically.—n. Epidemiol′ogy, the science of epidemics. [Gr. epidēmos, general—epi, among, dēmos, the people.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Epidemic

    a name given to contagious diseases which, arising suddenly in a community, rapidly spread through its members, often travelling from district to district, until often a whole country is affected; the theory of the transmission of disease by microbes has largely explained the spread of such scourges, but the part which atmospheric and other physical, and perhaps psychic, causes play in these disorders is still matter of debate, especially as regards epidemic mental diseases. See Endemic.

Suggested Resources

  1. epidemic

    Song lyrics by epidemic -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by epidemic on the Lyrics.com website.

How to pronounce epidemic?

  1. Alex
    Alex
    US English
    Daniel
    Daniel
    British
    Karen
    Karen
    Australian
    Veena
    Veena
    Indian

How to say epidemic in sign language?

  1. epidemic

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of epidemic in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of epidemic in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of epidemic in a Sentence

  1. Majid Ezzati:

    The number of people across the globe whose weight poses a serious threat to their health is greater than ever before, and this epidemic of severe obesity is too extensive to be tackled with medications such as blood pressure lowering drugs or diabetes treatments alone, or with a few extra bike lanes.

  2. Hugo Lopez-Gatell:

    Mexico entered the COVID-19 epidemic a month after the United States, if at a given moment the United States is already in a stabilization phase of its epidemic, Mexico will barely be starting.

  3. Jonathan Greenblatt:

    Our community has been terrorized once again by violent anti-Semitism, from Pittsburgh to Poway, and now to Jersey City on Tuesday, the disease that is anti-Semitism has clearly spread to epidemic proportions.

  4. Donald Trump on Saturday:

    New Hampshire has a tremendous drug epidemic, i am going to create borders. No drugs are coming in. We're going to build a wall. You know what I'm talking about. You have confidence in me. Believe me, I will solve the problem.

  5. Benjamin Brown:

    Now synagogues are usually small places, crowded, it's a very easy place to get an epidemic.

Images & Illustrations of epidemic

  1. epidemicepidemicepidemicepidemicepidemic

Popularity rank by frequency of use

epidemic#10000#13501#100000

Translations for epidemic

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"epidemic." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 13 Aug. 2020. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/epidemic>.

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