What does epidemic mean?

Definitions for epidemic
epi·dem·ic

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word epidemic.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. epidemicadjective

    a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time

  2. epidemicadjective

    (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously

    "an epidemic outbreak of influenza"

Wiktionary

  1. epidemicnoun

    A widespread disease that affects many individuals in a population.

  2. epidemicnoun

    An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period.

  3. epidemicadjective

    Like or having to do with an epidemic; widespread

    Epidemic hysteria occurred upon the incumbent's reelection.

  4. Etymology: From épidémique, from épidémie, from epidemia, from ἐπιδήμιος, from ἐπί + δῆμος.

Wikipedia

  1. Epidemic

    An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. For example, in meningococcal infections, an attack rate in excess of 15 cases per 100,000 people for two consecutive weeks is considered an epidemic.Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by several factors including a change in the ecology of the host population (e.g. increased stress or increase in the density of a vector species), a genetic change in the pathogen reservoir or the introduction of an emerging pathogen to a host population (by movement of pathogen or host). Generally, an epidemic occurs when host immunity to either an established pathogen or newly emerging novel pathogen is suddenly reduced below that found in the endemic equilibrium and the transmission threshold is exceeded.An epidemic may be restricted to one location; however, if it spreads to other countries or continents and affects a substantial number of people, it may be termed a pandemic. The declaration of an epidemic usually requires a good understanding of a baseline rate of incidence; epidemics for certain diseases, such as influenza, are defined as reaching some defined increase in incidence above this baseline. A few cases of a very rare disease may be classified as an epidemic, while many cases of a common disease (such as the common cold) would not.

ChatGPT

  1. epidemic

    An epidemic is a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease or health-related issue in a community or a specific geographic area at a particular time. It refers to a significant surge in disease cases that exceeds the expected or normal levels within that population or area. Epidemics can be confined to one location, however, if they spread to other countries or continents and affect a substantial number of people, they can become a pandemic.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Epidemicadjective

    alt. of Epidemical

  2. Epidemicnoun

    an epidemic disease

  3. Epidemicnoun

    anything which takes possession of the minds of people as an epidemic does of their bodies; as, an epidemic of terror

  4. Etymology: [Cf. Epidemy.]

Wikidata

  1. Epidemic

    In epidemiology, an epidemic occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is expected based on recent experience. Epidemiologists often consider the term outbreak to be synonymous to epidemic, but the general public typically perceives outbreaks to be more local and less serious than epidemics. Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by a change in the ecology of the host population, a genetic change in the parasite population or the introduction of a new parasite to a host population. Generally, an epidemic occurs when host immunity to a parasite population is suddenly reduced below that found in the endemic equilibrium and the transmission threshold is exceeded. An epidemic may be restricted to one location; however, if it spreads to other countries or continents and affects a substantial number of people, it may be termed a pandemic. The declaration of an epidemic usually requires a good understanding of a baseline rate of incidence; epidemics for certain diseases, such as influenza, are defined as reaching some defined increase in incidence above this baseline. A few cases of a very rare disease may be classified as an epidemic, while many cases of a common disease would not.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Epidemic

    -al, ep-i-dem′ik, -al, adj. affecting a community at a certain time: general.—n. Epidem′ic, a disease falling on great numbers in one place, simultaneously or in succession.—adv. Epidem′ically.—n. Epidemiol′ogy, the science of epidemics. [Gr. epidēmos, general—epi, among, dēmos, the people.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Epidemic

    a name given to contagious diseases which, arising suddenly in a community, rapidly spread through its members, often travelling from district to district, until often a whole country is affected; the theory of the transmission of disease by microbes has largely explained the spread of such scourges, but the part which atmospheric and other physical, and perhaps psychic, causes play in these disorders is still matter of debate, especially as regards epidemic mental diseases. See Endemic.

Suggested Resources

  1. epidemic

    Song lyrics by epidemic -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by epidemic on the Lyrics.com website.

  2. Epidemic

    Endemic vs. Epidemic -- In this Grammar.com article you will learn the differences between the words Endemic and Epidemic.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of epidemic in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of epidemic in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of epidemic in a Sentence

  1. The FDA:

    Today's actions... one of many steps The FDA intends to take this year as part of our comprehensive action plan to reverse this epidemic.

  2. Andy Beshear:

    While Walgreens' slogan was 'at the corner of happy and healthy,' they have significantly harmed the health of our families in fueling the opioid epidemic.

  3. Wang Yi:

    The epidemic overall is under control, this epidemic is truly sudden. It has brought a challenge to China and the world.

  4. Oscar Auliq-Ice:

    Divorce is an epidemic that causes as much pain as any disease.

  5. Laurent Toubiana:

    If we do not see a quick resurgence of the epidemic, we might get a break for a few weeks.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

epidemic#10000#13501#100000

Translations for epidemic

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"epidemic." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 15 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/epidemic>.

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