What does drought mean?

Definitions for drought

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word drought.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. drought, drouthnoun

    a shortage of rainfall

    "farmers most affected by the drought hope that there may yet be sufficient rain early in the growing season"

  2. drought, drouthnoun

    a prolonged shortage

    "when England defeated Pakistan it ended a ten-year drought"


  1. droughtnoun

    A period of below average rain fall, longer and more severe than a dry spell

  2. droughtnoun

    A longer than expected term without success, particularly in sport.

  3. Etymology: drugaþ

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. DROUGHTnoun

    Etymology: drugode, Saxon; drowth, Scottish.

    O earth! I will befriend thee more with rain
    Than youthful April shall with all his showers:
    In Summer’s drought I’ll drop upon thee still. William Shakespeare, Tit. Andr.

    Great droughts in Summer, lasting ’till the end of August, some gentle showers upon them, and then some dry weather, portend a pestilent Summer the year following. Francis Bacon.

    To south the Persian bay,
    And inaccessible th’ Arabian drought. John Milton, Parad. Reg.

    As torrents in the drowth of Summer fail,
    So perisht man from death shall never rise. George Sandys.

    They were so learned in natural philosophy, that they foretold earthquakes and storms, great droughts, and great plagues. William Temple.

    In a drought the thirsty creatures cry,
    And gape upon the gather’d clouds for rain. Dryden.

    Upon a shower, after a drought, earthworms and landsnails innumerable come out of their lurking places. John Ray.

    His carcase, pin’d with hunger and with drought. John Milton.

    One whose drought
    Yet scarce allay’d, still eyes the current stream,
    Whose liquid murmur heard, new thirst excites. John Milton, P. L.


  1. Drought

    A drought is defined as drier than normal conditions.: 1157  This means that a drought is "a moisture deficit relative to the average water availability at a given location and season". A drought can last for days, months or years. Drought often exerts substantial impacts on the ecosystems and agriculture of affected regions, and causes harm to the local economy. Annual dry seasons in the tropics significantly increase the chances of a drought developing and subsequent wildfires. Periods of heat can significantly worsen drought conditions by hastening evaporation of water vapour. Drought is a recurring feature of the climate in most parts of the world, becoming more extreme and less predictable due to climate change, which dendrochronological studies date back to 1900. There are three kinds of drought effects, environmental, economic and social. Environmental effects include the drying of wetlands, more and larger wildfires, loss of biodiversity. Economic consequences include disruption of water supplies for municipal economies; lower agricultural, forest, game, and fishing outputs; higher food-production costs; and problems with water supply for the energy sector. Social and health costs include the negative effect on the health of people directly exposed to this phenomenon (excessive heat waves), high food costs, stress caused by failed harvests, water scarcity, etc. Prolonged droughts have caused mass migrations and humanitarian crisis. Many plant species, such as those in the family Cactaceae (or cacti), have drought tolerance adaptations like reduced leaf area and waxy cuticles to enhance their ability to tolerate drought. Some others survive dry periods as buried seeds. Semi-permanent drought produces arid biomes such as deserts and grasslands. Most arid ecosystems have inherently low productivity. The most prolonged drought ever in the world in recorded history continues in the Atacama Desert in Chile (400 years). Throughout history, humans have usually viewed droughts as "disasters" due to the impact on food availability and the rest of society. Humans have often tried to explain droughts as either a natural disaster, caused by humans, or the result of supernatural forces.


  1. drought

    A drought is a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water in a particular region. This natural disaster can be severe enough to cause issues in agriculture, ecosystems, and economies, due to the scarcity of water. The severity and impact of droughts can be exacerbated by higher temperatures associated with climate change.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Droughtnoun

    dryness; want of rain or of water; especially, such dryness of the weather as affects the earth, and prevents the growth of plants; aridity

  2. Droughtnoun

    thirst; want of drink

  3. Droughtnoun

    scarcity; lack

  4. Etymology: [OE. droght, drougth, dru, AS. druga, from drugian to dry. See Dry, and cf. Drouth, which shows the original final sound.]


  1. Drought

    Drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply whether surface or underground water. Generally, this occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation. It can have a substantial impact on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region. Although droughts can persist for several years, even a short, intense drought can cause significant damage and harm the local economy. Many plant species, such as cacti, have adaptations such as reduced leaf area and waxy cuticles to enhance their ability to tolerate drought. Some others survive dry periods as buried seeds. Semi-permanent drought produces arid biomes such as deserts and grasslands. Most arid ecosystems have inherently low productivity. This global phenomenon has a widespread impact on agriculture. Lengthy periods of drought have long been a key trigger for mass migration and played a key role in a number of ongoing migrations and other humanitarian crises in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Drought

    drowt, Drouth, drowth, n. dryness: want of rain or of water: thirst.—ns. Drought′iness, Drouth′iness.—adjs. Drought′y, Drouth′y, full of drought: very dry: wanting rain, thirsty. [A.S. drúgathe, dryness—drúgian, to dry.]

Surnames Frequency by Census Records


    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Drought is ranked #64200 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Drought surname appeared 310 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Drought.

    98.3% or 305 total occurrences were White.

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How to pronounce drought?

How to say drought in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of drought in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of drought in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of drought in a Sentence

  1. Gandolfo - (RJ Intindola):

    Plant the flower of love on fertile ground, and provide personal care; furnish water during a drought; offer substance so it will grow strong, and always prune the deadened branches to spring anew.

  2. Michael Bernardo:

    We're in a 22nd year of a historic drought. Only five years over the last 20 years have seen above-average inflow.

  3. Tom Painter:

    We are not out of the drought, but we are out of the surface water drought, the groundwater that we have pumped so massively over the last several years during the drought to compensate for the lack of snowfall? It takes a long time for that to replenish. And so we need a lot of years like this to replenish that groundwater.

  4. Ana Cascão:

    A fair and equitable filling strategy must take into account different scenarios on climate and rainfall variability – if it will be one of drought, then the three countries are ready to agree on a slower filling.

  5. Resident Tom Mohler:

    We have no control over mining or logging or any of those things or water that are plentiful in the north state, we are not in a drought and we haven't been in a drought in a long time, but the south wants our water…and has the votes to take it. In calling for their own new state, some of these protesters shouted out, the time has come for 51.

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Translations for drought

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"drought." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 21 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/drought>.

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    declare untrue; contradict
    A deny
    B aggravate
    C interrupt
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