Definitions for disaster
dɪˈzæs tər, -ˈzɑ stərdis·as·ter
Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word disaster.
a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
"lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster"
calamity, catastrophe, disaster, tragedy, cataclysmnoun
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
"the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster"
an act that has disastrous consequences
An unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment.
An unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind.
Etymology: From Italian disastro, disaster; originally meaning "unfavourable to one's stars", from dis-, bad (compare dys-), + astro, star, celestial body, from Latin astrum, from Greek astron. The word disaster is derived from Middle French désastre and that from Old Italian disastro, which in turn comes from the Greek pejorative prefix δυσ-, (dus-) "bad" + ἀστήρ (aster), "star". The root of the word disaster ("bad star" in Greek) comes from an astrological theme in which the ancients used to refer to the destruction or deconstruction of a star as a disaster.
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Etymology: desastre, French.
Stars shone with trains of fire, dews of blood fall;
Disasters veil’d the sun; and the moist star,
Upon whose influence Neptune’s empire stands,
Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse. William Shakespeare, Hamlet.
This day black omens threat the brightest fair,
That e’er deserv’d a watchful spirit’s care,
Some dire disaster, or by force or slight;
But what, or where, the fates have wrapt in night. Alexander Pope.
Etymology: from the noun.
Ah, chaste bed of mine, said she, which never heretofore couldst accuse me of one defiled thought, how canst thou now receive that disastered changling? Philip Sidney, b. ii.
These are the holes where eyes should be, which pitifully disaster the cheeks. William Shakespeare, Anthony and Cleopatra.
In his own fields, the swain
Disaster’d stands. James Thomson, Winter, l. 280.
A disaster is a serious problem occurring over a short or long period of time that causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental loss which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Disasters are routinely divided into either "natural disasters" caused by natural hazards or "human-instigated disasters" caused from anthropogenic hazards. However, in modern times, the divide between natural, human-made and human-accelerated disasters is difficult to draw.Examples of natural hazards include avalanches, flooding, cold waves and heat waves, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, lightning, tsunamis, volcanic activity, wildfires, and winter precipitation. Examples of anthropogenic hazards include criminality, civil disorder, terrorism, war, industrial hazards, engineering hazards, power outages, fire, hazards caused by transportation, and environmental hazards. Developing countries suffer the greatest costs when a disaster hits – more than 95% of all deaths caused by hazards occur in developing countries, and losses due to natural hazards are 20 times greater (as a percentage of gross domestic product) in developing countries than in industrialized countries.
an unpropitious or baleful aspect of a planet or star; malevolent influence of a heavenly body; hence, an ill portent
an adverse or unfortunate event, esp. a sudden and extraordinary misfortune; a calamity; a serious mishap
to blast by the influence of a baleful star
to bring harm upon; to injure
A disaster is a natural or man-made hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment. A disaster can be ostensively defined as any tragic event stemming from events such as earthquakes, floods, catastrophic accidents, fires, or explosions. It is a phenomenon that can cause damage to life and property and destroy the economic, social and cultural life of people. In contemporary academia, disasters are seen as the consequence of inappropriately managed risk. These risks are the product of a combination of both hazard/s and vulnerability. Hazards that strike in areas with low vulnerability will never become disasters, as is the case in uninhabited regions. Developing countries suffer the greatest costs when a disaster hits – more than 95 percent of all deaths caused by disasters occur in developing countries, and losses due to natural disasters are 20 times greater in developing countries than in industrialized countries.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
diz-as′tėr, n. an adverse or unfortunate event: a great and sudden misfortune: calamity.—adj. Disas′trous, calamitous, ruinous: gloomy, foreboding disaster.—adv. Disas′trously. [O. Fr. desastre, des—L. dis, with evil sense, astre—L. astrum, a star, destiny.]
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'disaster' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3510
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'disaster' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3209
Rank popularity for the word 'disaster' in Nouns Frequency: #1292
The numerical value of disaster in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of disaster in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
It's a real humanitarian disaster of large proportions.
It is singularly a disaster, imagine this for a second. No New Yorker in the history of New York has ever said these words : New Jersey did New Jersey better. Cashless bail in New York undermines law enforcement and weakens public safety.
The program that Samarco presented is a package of short-term actions focused on areas hurt by the disaster, the part where they propose new actions we consider very incomplete, and we need faster action.
It's a disaster, like a bomb went off in here, it's crazy and chaos, that's all it is…it's time for a change.
There is no calamity greater than lavish desires. There is no greater guilt than discontentment. And there is not greater disaster than greed.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for disaster
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- катастро́фа, няшча́сце, бе́дства, го́ра, бяда́Belarusian
- катастро́фа, злополу́ка, бе́дствиеBulgarian
- desastreCatalan, Valencian
- katastrofa, neštěstí, pohromaCzech
- Katastrophe, DesasterGerman
- katastrofi, onnettomuusFinnish
- désastre, catastropheFrench
- creachScottish Gaelic
- katastwòf, dezasHaitian Creole
- աղետ, պատուհաս, դժբախտությունArmenian
- 災難, 災害, 惨事, 災い, 天災Japanese
- კატასტროფა, უბედურებაGeorgian
- зілзала, апатKazakh
- មហន្តរាយ, គ្រោះមហន្តរាយKhmer
- 재해, 재앙, 참사Korean
- katastrofeNorwegian Nynorsk
- gorze, katastrofa, bieda, nieszczęściePolish
- dezastru, nenorocire, catastrofăRomanian
- бе́дствие, го́ре, несча́стье, катастро́фа, беда́Russian
- nešťastie, katastrofa, pohromaSlovak
- afa, jangaSwahili
- біда́, го́ре, ли́хо, катастро́фа, неща́стяUkrainian
- thảm hoạ, tai hoạVietnamese
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"disaster." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 8 Feb. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/disaster>.