(cosmology) a hypothetical form of matter that is believed to make up 90 percent of the universe; it is invisible (does not absorb or emit light) and does not collide with atomic particles but exerts gravitational force
Particles of matter that cannot be detected by their radiation but whose presence is inferred from gravitational effects.
In astronomy and cosmology, dark matter is a type of matter hypothesized to account for a large part of the total mass in the universe. Dark matter cannot be seen directly with telescopes; evidently it neither emits nor absorbs light or other electromagnetic radiation at any significant level. Instead, its existence and properties are inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter, radiation, and the large-scale structure of the universe. According to the Planck mission team, and based on the standard model of cosmology, the total mass–energy of the universe contains 4.9% ordinary matter, 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy. Thus, dark matter is estimated to constitute 84.5% of the total matter in the universe and 26.8% of the total content of the universe. Dark matter came to the attention of astrophysicists due to discrepancies between the mass of large astronomical objects determined from their gravitational effects, and the mass calculated from the "luminous matter" they contain: stars, gas and dust. It was first postulated by Jan Oort in 1932 to account for the orbital velocities of stars in the Milky Way, and by Fritz Zwicky in 1933 to account for evidence of "missing mass" in the orbital velocities of galaxies in clusters. Subsequently, many other observations have indicated the presence of dark matter in the universe, including the rotational speeds of galaxies by Vera Rubin, in the 1960s–1970s, gravitational lensing of background objects by galaxy clusters such as the Bullet Cluster, the temperature distribution of hot gas in galaxies and clusters of galaxies, and more recently the pattern of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background. According to consensus among cosmologists, dark matter is composed primarily of a not yet characterized type of subatomic particle. The search for this particle, by a variety of means, is one of the major efforts in particle physics today.
The numerical value of dark matter in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of dark matter in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
I’m afraid that dark matter might be something that is much, much rarer than the Higgs boson.
We don't know what dark matter is, but maybe there is a place where we can find it (in the LHC).
The basic idea [of our work] is quite simple: can you say that dark matter is perfectly dark? we want to put a number on how dark it is.
We know dark matter exists around galaxies and we want to ask — if light from the galaxy can scatter off the dark matter, like a dust cloud, can you actually observe this light?
If we find something that looks like it could be dark matter at the LHC, we would try to measure as much as we can about it … and hopefully get hints of how to detect it directly in other experiments.
Images & Illustrations of dark matter
Translations for dark matter
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- مادة مظلمةArabic
- цёмная матэрыяBelarusian
- тъмна материяBulgarian
- matèria foscaCatalan, Valencian
- temná hmotaCzech
- mørkt stof, mørk materieDanish
- Dunkle MaterieGerman
- σκοτεινή ύληGreek
- malluma materioEsperanto
- materia oscuraSpanish
- materia ilunBasque
- ماده تاریکPersian
- pimeä aineFinnish
- matière sombre, matière noireFrench
- damhna dorchaIrish
- materia negra, materia escuraGalician
- חומר אפלHebrew
- sötét anyagHungarian
- մութ մատերիաArmenian
- materi gelapIndonesian
- materia oscuraItalian
- 암흑 물질Korean
- tamsioji materija, nematomoji medžiaga, tamsioji medžiagaLithuanian
- tumšā matērijaLatvian
- темна материјаMacedonian
- jirim gelapMalay
- donkere materieDutch
- mørk materieNorwegian
- ciemna materiaPolish
- matéria escuraPortuguese
- materie întunecatăRomanian
- скрытая масса, тёмная материяRussian
- tamna tvar, tamna materija, тамна твар, тамна материјаSerbo-Croatian
- tmavá hmota, temná hmotaSlovak
- tèmna snóvSlovene
- mörk materiaSwedish
- karanlık maddeTurkish
- темна матеріяUkrainian
- vật chất tốiVietnamese
Get even more translations for dark matter »
Find a translation for the dark matter definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these dark matter definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"dark matter." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2018. Web. 23 Feb. 2018. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/dark matter>.