What does crinoline mean?

Definitions for crinoline
ˈkrɪn l ɪncrino·line

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word crinoline.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. hoopskirt, crinolinenoun

    a skirt stiffened with hoops

  2. crinolinenoun

    a full stiff petticoat made of crinoline fabric

  3. crinolinenoun

    a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing


  1. crinolinenoun

    A stiff fabric made from cotton and horsehair

  2. crinolinenoun

    A stiff petticoat made from this fabric

  3. crinolinenoun

    A skirt stiffened with hoops


  1. Crinoline

    A crinoline is a stiff or structured petticoat designed to hold out a woman's skirt, popular at various times since the mid-19th century. Originally, crinoline described a stiff fabric made of horsehair ("crin") and cotton or linen which was used to make underskirts and as a dress lining. The term crin or crinoline continues to be applied to a nylon stiffening tape used for interfacing and lining hemlines in the 21st century. By the 1850s the term crinoline was more usually applied to the fashionable silhouette provided by horsehair petticoats, and to the hoop skirts that replaced them in the mid-1850s. In form and function these hoop skirts were similar to the 16th- and 17th-century farthingale and to 18th-century panniers, in that they too enabled skirts to spread even wider and more fully. The steel-hooped cage crinoline, first patented in April 1856 by R.C. Milliet in Paris, and by their agent in Britain a few months later, became extremely popular. Steel cage crinolines were mass-produced in huge quantity, with factories across the Western world producing tens of thousands in a year. Alternative materials, such as whalebone, cane, gutta-percha and even inflatable caoutchouc (natural rubber) were all used for hoops, although steel was the most popular. At its widest point, the crinoline could reach a circumference of up to six yards, although by the late 1860s, crinolines were beginning to reduce in size. By the early 1870s, the smaller crinolette and the bustle had largely replaced the crinoline. Crinolines were worn by women of every social standing and class across the Western world, from royalty to factory workers. This led to widespread media scrutiny and criticism, particularly in satirical magazines such as Punch. They were also hazardous if worn without due care. Thousands of women died in the mid-19th century as a result of their hooped skirts catching fire. Alongside fire, other hazards included the hoops being caught in machinery, carriage wheels, gusts of wind, or other obstacles. The crinoline silhouette was revived several times in the 20th century, particularly in the late 1940s as a result of Christian Dior's "New Look" of 1947. The flounced nylon and net petticoats worn in the 1950s and 1960s to poof out skirts also became known as crinolines even when there were no hoops in their construction. In the mid-1980s Vivienne Westwood designed the mini-crini, a mini-length crinoline which was highly influential on 1980s fashion. Late 20th and early 21st century designers such as John Galliano and Alexander McQueen have become famous for their updated crinoline designs. Since the 1980s and well into the 21st century the crinoline has remained a popular option for formal evening dresses, wedding dresses, and ball gowns.


  1. crinoline

    Crinoline is a stiff or structured petticoat designed to hold out a woman's skirt, popular in the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries. Originally made from horsehair and linen (the word 'crinoline' comes from the French words 'crin' meaning horsehair, and 'lin' meaning linen), it later came to refer to hoop skirts made of various materials like steel or bamboo. It can also refer to the stiff fabric made of horsehair and cotton or linen, used in upholstery and for making hats.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Crinolinenoun

    a kind of stiff cloth, used chiefly by women, for underskirts, to expand the gown worn over it; -- so called because originally made of hair

  2. Crinolinenoun

    a lady's skirt made of any stiff material; latterly, a hoop skirt

  3. Etymology: [F., fr. crin hair,L. crinis.]


  1. Crinoline

    Crinoline was originally a stiff fabric with a weft of horse-hair and a warp of cotton or linen thread. The fabric first appeared around 1830, but by 1850, the word had come to mean a stiffened petticoat or rigid skirt-shaped structure of steel designed to support the skirts of a woman's dress into the required shape. In form and function it is very similar to the earlier farthingale.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Crinoline

    krin′o-lin, n. a name originally given by the French modistes to a stiff fabric of horse-hair, employed to distend women's attire: a hooped petticoat or skirt made to project all round by means of steel-wire: a netting round ships as a guard against torpedoes.—n. Crin′olette, a small crinoline causing the dress to project behind only—akin to the bustle and dress-improver.—adj. Crin′olined. [Fr., crin—L. crinis, hair, and lin—L. linum, flax.]

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of crinoline in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of crinoline in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

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"crinoline." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 22 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/crinoline>.

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