What does cretinism mean?

Definitions for cretinism
ˈkrit nˌɪz əm; esp. Brit. ˈkrɛt-cre·tinism

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word cretinism.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. cretinismnoun

    severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting

Wiktionary

  1. cretinismnoun

    A condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to the untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones.

Wikipedia

  1. cretinism

    Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome is a medical condition present at birth marked by impaired physical and mental development, due to insufficient thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) often caused by insufficient dietary iodine during pregnancy. It is one cause of underactive thyroid function at birth, called congenital hypothyroidism, historically referred to as cretinism (obsolete). If untreated, it results in impairment of both physical and mental development. Symptoms may include goiter, poor length growth in infants, reduced adult stature, thickened skin, hair loss, enlarged tongue, a protruding abdomen; delayed bone maturation and puberty in children; and mental deterioration, neurological impairment, impeded ovulation, and infertility in adults.In developed countries, thyroid function testing of newborns has assured that in those affected, treatment with the thyroid hormone thyroxine is begun promptly. This screening and treatment have virtually eliminated the consequences of the disease.

ChatGPT

  1. cretinism

    Cretinism is a condition characterized by physical deformity and learning disabilities that is caused by severe deficiency of thyroid hormone (congenital hypothyroidism) usually due to a defect in thyroid development. This condition is present at birth and can lead to severe mental retardation if not treated promptly.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Cretinismnoun

    a condition of endemic or inherited idiocy, accompanied by physical degeneracy and deformity (usually with goiter), frequent in certain mountain valleys, esp. of the Alps

  2. Etymology: [F. crtinisme.]

Wikidata

  1. Cretinism

    Cretinism is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones usually due to maternal hypothyroidism.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Cretinism

    krē′tin-izm, n. a state of defective mental development, associated with bodily deformity or arrested growth, occurring esp. in connection with enlargement of the thyroid gland or goitre in the lower Alpine valleys.—n. Crē′tin, one affected with cretinism.—adjs. Crē′tinous, Crē′tinised. [Fr. crétin—Swiss crestin—L. christian-us, prob. implying that, after all, they are human, or that they are (from their fatuousness) incapable of sin—cf. the frequent use of innocent.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Cretinism

    a disease prevalent in valleys as those of the Alps, characterised by mental imbecility, and associated with abnormal and arrested physical development.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of cretinism in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of cretinism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Popularity rank by frequency of use

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"cretinism." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 20 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/cretinism>.

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