What does contraction mean?

Definitions for contraction
kənˈtræk ʃəncon·trac·tion

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word contraction.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. contraction, muscular contraction, muscle contractionnoun

    (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber)

  2. compression, condensation, contractionnoun

    the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together

    "the contraction of a gas on cooling"

  3. contractionnoun

    a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds

    "`won't' is a contraction of `will not'"; "`o'clock' is a contraction of `of the clock'"

  4. contractionnoun

    the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope


  1. contractionnoun

    A reversible reduction in size.

  2. contractionnoun

    A period of economic decline or negative growth.

    The country's economic contraction was caused by high oil prices.

  3. contractionnoun

    A shortening of a muscle when it is used.

  4. contractionnoun

    A strong and often painful shortening of the uterine muscles prior to or during childbirth.

  5. contractionnoun

    A shortened word or phrase, with the missing letters represented by an apostrophe.

  6. contractionnoun

    Contracting a disease.

    The contraction of AIDS from toilet seats is extremely rare.

  7. contractionnoun

    Syncope, the loss of sounds from within a word.

  8. contractionnoun

    The acquisition of something, generally negative.

    Our contraction of debt in this quarter has reduced our ability to attract investors.

  9. contractionnoun

    A distinct stage of wound healing, wherein the wound edges are gradually pulled together.

  10. Etymology: From contractio.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Contractionnoun

    Etymology: contractio, Latin.

    The main parts of the poem, such as the fable and sentiments, no translator can prejudice but by omissions or contractions. Alexander Pope, Essay on Homer.

    Oil of vitriol will throw the stomach into involuntary contractions. John Arbuthnot, on Aliments.

    Some things induce a contraction in the nerves, placed in the mouth of the stomach, which is a great cause of appetite. Francis Bacon.

    Comparing the quantity of contraction and dilatation made by all the degrees of each colour, I found it greatest in the red. Isaac Newton, Opt.


  1. contraction

    A contraction is a process of becoming smaller or compressed. It can also refer to a shortened form of a word or group of words, where a letter or letters have been left out and replaced by an apostrophe. The term can be used in various context such as mathematics, physics, economics, and linguistics among others.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Contractionnoun

    the act or process of contracting, shortening, or shrinking; the state of being contracted; as, contraction of the heart, of the pupil of the eye, or of a tendion; the contraction produced by cold

  2. Contractionnoun

    the process of shortening an operation

  3. Contractionnoun

    the act of incurring or becoming subject to, as liabilities, obligation, debts, etc.; the process of becoming subject to; as, the contraction of a disease

  4. Contractionnoun

    something contracted or abbreviated, as a word or phrase; -- as, plenipo for plenipotentiary; crim. con. for criminal conversation, etc

  5. Contractionnoun

    the shortening of a word, or of two words, by the omission of a letter or letters, or by reducing two or more vowels or syllables to one; as, ne'er for never; can't for can not; don't for do not; it's for it is

  6. Contractionnoun

    a marriage contract

  7. Etymology: [L. contractio: cf. F. contraction.]


  1. Contraction

    A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters. In traditional grammar, contraction can denote the formation of a new word from one word or a group of words, for example, by elision. This often occurs in rendering a common sequence of words or, as in French, in maintaining a flowing sound. In strict analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations or acronyms, with which they share some semantic and phonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term "abbreviation" in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

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How to pronounce contraction?

How to say contraction in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of contraction in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of contraction in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of contraction in a Sentence

  1. Daleep Singh:

    The contraction this year is smaller than what I predicted publicly, but to my mind what Putin has done is prop up this year’s growth, in an accounting sense, by sacrificing long term growth potential, the lasting consequence of this war will be that Russia has lost Europe and the G7 as energy consumers and that’s going to dry out the major source of export revenue that remains. And it’s going to leave Russia as a smaller, weaker, more isolated economy.

  2. Ilanit Sherf:

    Despite the long period of mergers and acquisitions in Europe and the contraction in the number of players in the market, prices rose relatively moderately and not aggressively.

  3. Takumi Tsunoda:

    Output will likely be positive in the first quarter, but we expect (economic) growth to be negative. The biggest reason is the contraction in private spending due to the state of emergency.

  4. Zhengsheng Zhong:

    All of the index categories showed signs of deterioration, with employment falling back into contraction territory after three consecutive months of growth.

  5. Rachel Holt:

    We're definitely in rapid expansion mode, not contraction mode, we believe this is part of the future of how people are going to get around. That is what makes us bullish.

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Translations for contraction

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"contraction." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 25 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/contraction>.

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    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
    A arbitrary
    B contagious
    C incumbent
    D epidemic

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