What does cognate mean?
Definitions for cognate
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word cognate.
blood relation, blood relative, cognate, sibnoun
one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
cognate, cognate wordadjective
a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language
related in nature
having the same ancestral language
akin(p), blood-related, cognate, consanguine, consanguineous, consanguineal, kin(p)adjective
related by blood
One of a number of things allied in origin or nature.
One who is related to another on the female side.
One who is related to another, both having descended from a common ancestor through legal marriages.
A word either descended from the same base word of the same ancestor language as the given word, or strongly believed to be a regular reflex of the same reconstructed root of proto-language as the given word.
Either descended from the same attested source lexeme of ancestor language, or held on the grounds of the methods of historical linguistics to be regular reflexes of the unattested, reconstructed form of proto-language.
Etymology: From cognatus, from natus.
In historical linguistics, cognates or lexical cognates are sets of words in different languages that have been inherited in direct descent from an etymological ancestor in a common parent language. Because language change can have radical effects on both the sound and the meaning of a word, cognates may not be obvious, and often it takes rigorous study of historical sources and the application of the comparative method to establish whether lexemes are cognate. Cognates are distinguished from loanwords, where a word has been borrowed from another language. The term cognate derives from the Latin noun cognatus 'blood relative'.
allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (Law), related on the mother's side
of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred; as, a cognate language
one who is related to another on the female side
one of a number of things allied in origin or nature; as, certain letters are cognates
Etymology: [L. cognatus; co- + gnatus, natus, p. p. of nasci, anciently gnasci, to be born. See Nation, and cf. Connate.]
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin. This learned term derives from the Latin cognatus. Cognates within the same language are called doublets. Strictly speaking, loanwords from another language are not considered cognates. For example, the English words shirt and skirt are doublets; the former derives from the Old English sċyrte, while the latter is loaned from Old Norse skyrta, both of which derive from the Proto-Germanic *skurtijǭ. Additional cognates of the same word in other Germanic languages include the German Schürze and Dutch schort.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
kog′nāt, adj. of the same family, kind, or nature: related or allied to.—n. one related by blood, a kinsman: a person related to another through the mother, as distinguished from an agnate, one related through the father.—n. Cognā′tion. [L. cognatus—co-, together, (g)nasci, (g)natus, to be born.]
Anagrams for cognate »
The numerical value of cognate in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of cognate in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
Examples of cognate in a Sentence
This new data allowed us to observe the biological diversity of white sharks living in the Mediterranean, by analyzing and comparing different specimens, we were able to estimate that the white shark population in the Mediterranean started to evolve differently from other cognate populations around 3.2 million years ago. This essentially proves that those theories about sharks colonizing the Mediterranean around 450,000 years ago are wrong.
There are only two ways to look at history: people either make things happen, or they let things happen. In that sense, all of history is bipolar; cognate of goodwill and bad fortune. Both philosophies, together, importune a reshaping of destiny.
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Translations for cognate
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- сроден, родственBulgarian
- stammverwandt, verwandtGerman
- sukulaissana, sukuFinnish
- cognat, apparenté, mot apparentéFrench
- samstofna, skyldur, orðIcelandic
- kata serumpun, kognat, serumpunMalay
- cognaat, verwantDutch
- однокоренной, однокоренное слово, когнат, родственныйRussian
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"cognate." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 25 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/cognate>.
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