Definitions for cancer
ˈkæn sər; ˈkæŋ krican·cer
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word cancer.
cancer, malignant neoplastic diseasenoun
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer
a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini
Cancer, Cancer the Crab, Crabnoun
the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22
Cancer, genus Cancernoun
type genus of the family Cancridae
A disease in which the cells of a tissue undergo uncontrolled (and often rapid) proliferation.
Someone with a Cancer star sign
A constellation of the zodiac supposedly shaped like a crab.
The zodiac sign for the crab, ruled by the Moon and covering June 22 - July 22.
Etymology: From cancer, from καρκίνος; applied to cancerous tumors because the enlarged veins resembled the legs of a crab.
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Etymology: cancer, Lat.
When now no more th’ alternate twins are fir’d,
And Cancer reddens with the solar blaze,
Short is the doubtful empire of the night. James Thomson.
Any of these three may degenerate into a schirrus, and that schirrus into a cancer. Richard Wiseman.
As when a cancer on the body feeds,
And gradual death from limb to limb proceeds;
So does the chilness to each vital part,
Spread by degrees, and creeps into the heart. Joseph Addison, Ovid.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans.Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity or excessive drinking of alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation, and environmental pollutants. In the developing world, 15% of cancers are due to infections such as Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus infection, Epstein–Barr virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell. Typically, many genetic changes are required before cancer develops. Approximately 5–10% of cancers are due to inherited genetic defects. Cancer can be detected by certain signs and symptoms or screening tests. It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.The risk of developing certain cancers can be reduced by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol intake, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, eating resistant starch, vaccination against certain infectious diseases, limiting consumption of processed meat and red meat, and limiting exposure to direct sunlight. Early detection through screening is useful for cervical and colorectal cancer. The benefits of screening for breast cancer are controversial. Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Pain and symptom management are an important part of care. Palliative care is particularly important in people with advanced disease. The chance of survival depends on the type of cancer and extent of disease at the start of treatment. In children under 15 at diagnosis, the five-year survival rate in the developed world is on average 80%. For cancer in the United States, the average five-year survival rate is 66%.In 2015, about 90.5 million people worldwide had cancer. In 2019, annual cancer cases grew by 23.6 million people and there were 10 million deaths worldwide, representing over the previous decade increases of 26% and 21%, respectively.The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and stomach cancer. In females, the most common types are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, and cervical cancer. If skin cancer other than melanoma were included in total new cancer cases each year, it would account for around 40% of cases. In children, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and brain tumors are most common, except in Africa, where non-Hodgkin lymphoma occurs more often. In 2012, about 165,000 children under 15 years of age were diagnosed with cancer. The risk of cancer increases significantly with age, and many cancers occur more commonly in developed countries. Rates are increasing as more people live to an old age and as lifestyle changes occur in the developing world. The global total economic costs of cancer were estimated at US$1.16 trillion per year as of 2010.
Cancer is a term used for diseases characterized by abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells which can invade and spread to other parts of the body. These growths often form tumors, but not all cancers form tumors. There are various types of cancer, which are usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form. It's caused by changes in the genes that control the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. It's often treated with methods like surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and others.
a genus of decapod Crustacea, including some of the most common shore crabs of Europe and North America, as the rock crab, Jonah crab, etc. See Crab
the fourth of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The first point is the northern limit of the sun's course in summer; hence, the sign of the summer solstice. See Tropic
a northern constellation between Gemini and Leo
formerly, any malignant growth, esp. one attended with great pain and ulceration, with cachexia and progressive emaciation. It was so called, perhaps, from the great veins which surround it, compared by the ancients to the claws of a crab. The term is now restricted to such a growth made up of aggregations of epithelial cells, either without support or embedded in the meshes of a trabecular framework
Etymology: [L. cancer, cancri, crab, ulcer, a sign of the zodiac; akin to Gr. karki`nos, Skr. karkaa crab, and prob. Skr. karkara hard, the crab being named from its hard shell. Cf. Canner, Chancre.]
Cancer, known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of various diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, and invade nearby parts of the body. The cancer may also spread to more distant parts of the body through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. Not all tumors are cancerous. Benign tumors do not grow uncontrollably, do not invade neighboring tissues, and do not spread throughout the body. There are over 200 different known cancers that afflict humans. Determining what causes cancer is complex. Many things are known to increase the risk of cancer, including tobacco use, certain infections, radiation, lack of physical activity, obesity, and environmental pollutants. These can directly damage genes or combine with existing genetic faults within cells to cause the disease. Approximately five to ten percent of cancers are entirely hereditary. Cancer can be detected in a number of ways, including the presence of certain signs and symptoms, screening tests, or medical imaging. Once a possible cancer is detected it is diagnosed by microscopic examination of a tissue sample. Cancer is usually treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. The chances of surviving the disease vary greatly by the type and location of the cancer and the extent of disease at the start of treatment. While cancer can affect people of all ages, and a few types of cancer are more common in children, the risk of developing cancer generally increases with age. In 2007, cancer caused about 13% of all human deaths worldwide. Rates are rising as more people live to an old age and as mass lifestyle changes occur in the developing world.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
kan′sėr, n. the name for an important group of malignant tumours, divided into two groups, Carcinomata and Sarcomata, the name being now strictly used only of the former: a constellation between Gemini and Leo, and a sign of the zodiac showing the limits of the sun's course northward in summer: the typical genus of the family Cancridæ—v.i. Cancer′ate, to become cancerous.—ns. Cancerā′tion; Can′cerite, a petrified crab.—adj. Can′cerous, of or like a cancer.—adv. Can′cerously.—n. Can′cerousness.—adjs. Can′criform, Can′croid, crab-like. [L. cancer; cog. with Gr. karkinos, a crab.]
Dictionary of Nautical Terms
The Crab; the fourth sign of the zodiac, which the sun enters about the 21st of June, and commences the summer solstice.
Surnames Frequency by Census Records
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Cancer is ranked #116201 in terms of the most common surnames in America.
The Cancer surname appeared 150 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Cancer.
79.3% or 119 total occurrences were Black.
8.6% or 13 total occurrences were White.
8% or 12 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
3.3% or 5 total occurrences were of two or more races.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'cancer' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2450
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'cancer' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3024
Rank popularity for the word 'cancer' in Nouns Frequency: #977
The numerical value of cancer in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of cancer in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
Paul Northcott said. Grants for early investigators like Paul Northcott may also help them obtain bigger funding opportunities through the National Institutes of Health( National Institutes of Health). We're able to recruit, we're able to conduct studies that we wouldn't have been able to otherwise. This then helps us build the necessary foundation to go after National Institutes of Health funding and getting that first RO1 through the NCI( National Cancer Institute), Paul Northcott said. One of the toughest hurdles for young investigators is securing their first R01, the gold standard of grants that give scientists enough money and time to complete a project and publish results within four or five years. The budget for R01’s is unlimited. According to the director of the National Cancer Institute, Dr. Norman Sharpless, the NCI is directing their extramural funders to set aside additional funding to increase the total number of first R01's given to early-stage investigators by at least 25 percent in 2018. By training more diverse groups of scientists, organizations like the National Cancer Institute hope to spur new commitments to basic science that can drive novel approaches and technologies to cancer treatment. Paul Northcott says supporting the next generation of cancer scientists is crucial to ensuring a talented and creative research workforce for the decades ahead. Oftentimes it’s difficult to see how studying a single gene or a pathway or a biochemical mechanism might have a broader impact, but I would encourage anyone involved and anyone starting out in this type of field to think about what is the goal of Cancer Research -LRB- AACR -RRB- ? How can this research change health care, or, in this case, cancer research ?
My patients joke with me. They ask me, 'Doctor, am I living longer yet' I say, 'I don't know, but you're living better.' The goal in our groups is not to pretend you're going to make your cancer go away but to live well in the face of cancer.
More people today die with cancer, than because of cancer.
I felt like when I got cancer I lost my credibility.They thought I was damaged goods. But the biggest thing cancer has done for me is ... people call me to ask me to speak to friends or family who are going through cancer, and I can do that because in a lot of cases I've been there and done that. I know about the nausea, losing your hair and food tasting like rubber -- I've done that.
We're pretaping everybody's performances and now we're editing Cancer Schmancer together, so Cancer Schmancer'll be a pretty tight kind of concert-fundraiser, and we're gon na stream Cancer Schmancer for free with the hope that people will watch Cancer Schmancer, enjoy Cancer Schmancer, and want to support our organization, because we had to cancel our annual cabaret dinner cruise, which normally takes place in New York Harbor, but all of the talent that we had booked said,' Well, whatever you ends up doing, we're happy to do it anyway.'.
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Translations for cancer
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- càncerCatalan, Valencian
- سرطان, نج, خرچنگPersian
- krabbamein, krabbiFaroese
- aillseScottish Gaelic
- cancro, cáncerGalician
- कर्कट, कैंसरHindi
- krabbi, krabbameinIcelandic
- pukupuku, mate pukupukuMāori
- хорт хавдарMongolian
- kanser, barahMalay
- kreftNorwegian Nynorsk
- naałdzid, łóód doo nádziihiiNavajo, Navaho
- nowotwór złośliwyPolish
- злокачественная опухоль, ракRussian
- rak, ракSerbo-Croatian
- ung thưVietnamese
- יענע מעשׂה, עמעסע מעשׂה, ראַקYiddish
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"cancer." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 6 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/cancer>.