What does bitumen mean?
Definitions for bitumen
baɪˈtu mən, -ˈtyu-, bɪ-, ˈbɪtʃ ʊ-bi·tu·men
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word bitumen.
any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
Mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew's pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, et cetera.
By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petrolea, and even the light, volatile naphthas.
(Canadian English) Canadian deposits of extremely heavy crude oil
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
A fat unctuous matter dug out of the earth, or scummed off lakes, as the Asphaltis in Judæa, of various kinds; some so hard as to be used for coals; others so glutinous as to serve for mortar. Savary.
It is reported, that bitumen mingled with lime, and put under water, will make, as it were, an artificial rock, the substance becometh so hard. Francis Bacon, Nat. History, №. 783.
The fabrick seem’d a work of rising ground,
With sulphur and bitumen cast between. John Dryden, Fables.
Bitumen is a body that readily takes fire, yields an oil, and is soluble in water. John Woodward, Method of Fossils.
Bitumen (UK: , US: ) is a sticky, black, highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. In the U.S., it is commonly referred to as asphalt. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product, and is classed as a pitch. Before the 20th century, the term asphaltum was also used. The word is derived from the Ancient Greek ἄσφαλτος ásphaltos. The largest natural deposit of bitumen in the world, estimated to contain 10 million tons, is the Pitch Lake in southwest Trinidad.The primary use (70%) of bitumen is in road construction, where it is used as the glue or binder mixed with aggregate particles to create asphalt concrete. Its other main uses are for bituminous waterproofing products, including production of roofing felt and for sealing flat roofs.In material sciences and engineering, the terms "asphalt" and "bitumen" are often used interchangeably to mean both natural and manufactured forms of the substance, although there is regional variation as to which term is most common. Worldwide, geologists tend to favor the term "bitumen" for the naturally occurring material. For the manufactured material, which is a refined residue from the distillation process of selected crude oils, "bitumen" is the prevalent term in much of the world; however, in American English, "asphalt" is more commonly used. To help avoid confusion, the phrases "liquid asphalt", "asphalt binder", or "asphalt cement" are used in the U.S. Colloquially, various forms of asphalt are sometimes referred to as "tar", as in the name of the La Brea Tar Pits, although tar is a different material.Naturally occurring bitumen is sometimes specified by the term "crude bitumen". Its viscosity is similar to that of cold molasses while the material obtained from the fractional distillation of crude oil boiling at 525 °C (977 °F) is sometimes referred to as "refined bitumen". The Canadian province of Alberta has most of the world's reserves of natural bitumen in the Athabasca oil sands, which cover 142,000 square kilometres (55,000 sq mi), an area larger than England.
mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew's pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, etc. See Asphalt
by extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petroleums, and even the light, volatile naphthas
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
bi-tū′men, or bit′yu-men, n. a name applied to various inflammable mineral substances, as naphtha, petroleum, asphaltum.—v.t. Bitū′minate, to mix with or make into bitumen—also Bitū′minise.—adjs. Bitū′minous, Bitūmed′ (Shak.), impregnated with bitumen. [L.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
an inflammable mineral substance, presumably of vegetable origin, called Naphtha when liquid and light-coloured, Petroleum when less fluid and darker, Maltha when viscid, and Asphalt when solid.
The numerical value of bitumen in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of bitumen in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Examples of bitumen in a Sentence
We've got a technology that allows you to more efficiently get bitumen out of oil sands, we've got a process that works and ... it means you don't have a problem with sludge that's left over and needs to go to a tailings pond.
So I think it’s important we get some technical advice from the experts at (the U.S. Trade Representative) on how exactly we’re going to do that… A lot of plastics are petroleum-based. So what’s the methodology there — are we tracing back to bitumen, are we tracing back to sweet crude? “When you say you’re going back to the base raw materials that’s what you’re talking about. So when did the dinosaurs die? And where did they die? And can we claim ownership of that?
100 per cent recycled, which can reduce the extraction of new materials from quarries and first-use bitumen.
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Translations for bitumen
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- bìth, teàrrScottish Gaelic
- bitume, asfaltoItalian
- 瀝青, 歴青Japanese
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"bitumen." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 2 Jun 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/bitumen>.
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