What does biosynthesis mean?

Definitions for biosynthesis
ˌbaɪ oʊˈsɪn θə sɪsbiosyn·the·sis

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word biosynthesis.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. biosynthesis, biogenesisnoun

    production of a chemical compound by a living organism


  1. biosynthesisnoun

    The synthesis of organic compounds within a living organism, especially the synthesis of large compounds from small ones.


  1. Biosynthesis

    Biosynthesis is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms. In biosynthesis, simple compounds are modified, converted into other compounds, or joined to form macromolecules. This process often consists of metabolic pathways. Some of these biosynthetic pathways are located within a single cellular organelle, while others involve enzymes that are located within multiple cellular organelles. Examples of these biosynthetic pathways include the production of lipid membrane components and nucleotides. Biosynthesis is usually synonymous with anabolism. The prerequisite elements for biosynthesis include: precursor compounds, chemical energy (e.g. ATP), and catalytic enzymes which may require coenzymes (e.g.NADH, NADPH). These elements create monomers, the building blocks for macromolecules. Some important biological macromolecules include: proteins, which are composed of amino acid monomers joined via peptide bonds, and DNA molecules, which are composed of nucleotides joined via phosphodiester bonds.


  1. biosynthesis

    Biosynthesis is the process by which living organisms produce complex organic molecules from simpler substances. These molecules are generally necessary for growth, reproduction, and maintenance of life processes. They usually involve metabolic pathways and enzymatic reactions.


  1. Biosynthesis

    Biosynthesis is an enzyme-catalyzed process in cells of living organisms by which substrates are converted to more complex products. The biosynthesis process often consists of several enzymatic steps in which the product of one step is used as substrate in the following step. Examples for such multi-step biosynthetic pathways are those for the production of amino acids, fatty acids, and natural products. Biosynthesis plays a major role in all cells, and many dedicated metabolic routes combined constitute general metabolism. Six organelles in the cell are involved in biosynthesis: ribosomes, chloroplasts, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, rough endoplasmic reticulum, plastids, and Golgi bodies. The prerequisites for biosynthesis are precursor compounds, chemical energy, and catalytic enzymes, which may require reduction equivalents. Commonly known complex products of biosynthesis include proteins, vitamins, and antibiotics. Most organic compounds in living organisms, including but not limited to carnitine, cholesterol and many others, are built in biosynthetic pathways. Biosynthesis is commonly used regarding nerve implantations in red nanotechnology, specifically medical nanotechnology and nano medicine.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of biosynthesis in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of biosynthesis in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

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"biosynthesis." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 25 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/biosynthesis>.

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