What does biochemistry mean?

Definitions for biochemistry
ˌbaɪ oʊˈkɛm ə stribio·chem·ist·ry

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word biochemistry.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. biochemistrynoun

    the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry

Wiktionary

  1. biochemistrynoun

    The chemistry of those compounds that occur in living organisms, and the processes that occur in their metabolism and catabolism

    I want to study biochemistry.

  2. biochemistrynoun

    The chemical characteristics of a particular living organism

    The biochemistries of fungal and bacterial cells are quite distinct.

  3. biochemistrynoun

    The biochemical activity associated with a particular chemical or condition

Wikipedia

  1. Biochemistry

    Biochemistry or biological chemistry is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. A sub-discipline of both chemistry and biology, biochemistry may be divided into three fields: structural biology, enzymology and metabolism. Over the last decades of the 20th century, biochemistry has become successful at explaining living processes through these three disciplines. Almost all areas of the life sciences are being uncovered and developed through biochemical methodology and research. Biochemistry focuses on understanding the chemical basis which allows biological molecules to give rise to the processes that occur within living cells and between cells, in turn relating greatly to the understanding of tissues and organs, as well as organism structure and function. Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology, which is the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological phenomena.Much of biochemistry deals with the structures, bonding, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. They provide the structure of cells and perform many of the functions associated with life. The chemistry of the cell also depends upon the reactions of small molecules and ions. These can be inorganic (for example, water and metal ions) or organic (for example, the amino acids, which are used to synthesize proteins). The mechanisms used by cells to harness energy from their environment via chemical reactions are known as metabolism. The findings of biochemistry are applied primarily in medicine, nutrition and agriculture. In medicine, biochemists investigate the causes and cures of diseases. Nutrition studies how to maintain health and wellness and also the effects of nutritional deficiencies. In agriculture, biochemists investigate soil and fertilizers. Improving crop cultivation, crop storage, and pest control are also goals. Biochemistry is extremely important since it helps individuals learn about complicated topics such as prions.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Biochemistrynoun

    the chemistry of living organisms; the chemistry of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life

Freebase

  1. Biochemistry

    Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within, and relating to, living organisms. By controlling information flow through biochemical signaling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life. Over the last 40 years biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical research. Today the main focus of pure biochemistry is in understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of whole organisms. Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology, the study of the molecular mechanisms by which genetic information encoded in DNA is able to result in the processes of life. Depending on the exact definition of the terms used, molecular biology can be thought of as a branch of biochemistry, or biochemistry as a tool with which to investigate and study molecular biology. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures, functions and interactions of biological macromolecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids, which provide the structure of cells and perform many of the functions associated with life. The chemistry of the cell also depends on the reactions of smaller molecules and ions. These can be inorganic, for example water and metal ions, or organic, for example the amino acids which are used to synthesise proteins. The mechanisms by which cells harness energy from their environment via chemical reactions are known as metabolism.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Biochemistry

    The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of biochemistry in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of biochemistry in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of biochemistry in a Sentence

  1. Professor Lattanzio:

    A radically different biochemistry elsewhere can be considered as a falsification of the theory of interstellar panspermia.

  2. Professor Lattanzio:

    If we discover life with radically different biochemistry to that found on Earth, then that would rule out panspermia, nothing I have told you is compelling evidence for panspermia. But there are some odd coincidences that we should consider.

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    (of a glutinous liquid such as paint) not completely dried and slightly sticky to the touch
    • A. aculeate
    • B. articulate
    • C. tacky
    • D. ectomorphic

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