What does aurochs mean?

Definitions for aurochs
ˈɔr ɒksau·rochs

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word aurochs.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. wisent, aurochs, Bison bonasusnoun

    European bison having a smaller and higher head than the North American bison

  2. aurochs, urus, Bos primigeniusnoun

    large recently extinct long-horned European wild ox; considered one of the ancestors of domestic cattle


  1. aurochsnoun

    An extinct European mammal, Bos primigenius, the ancestor of domestic cattle.

  2. aurochsnoun

    The European bison (Bison bonasus, or Europæus).

  3. Etymology: From Aurochs, an early variant of Auerochse, from urochse "aurochs" from urohso "aurochs", a compound consisting of uro "aurochs" (from ūraz, from ūəsr-) + ohso "ox". Akin to ur "aurochs", úrr "aurochs", urosse "aurochs", oxa "ox". More at ox.


  1. Aurochs

    The aurochs (Bos primigenius) ( or ) is an extinct cattle species, considered to be the wild ancestor of modern domestic cattle. With a shoulder height of up to 180 cm (71 in) in bulls and 155 cm (61 in) in cows, it was one of the largest herbivores in the Holocene; it had massive elongated and broad horns that reached 80 cm (31 in) in length. The aurochs was part of the Pleistocene megafauna. It probably evolved in Asia and migrated west and north during warm interglacial periods. The oldest known aurochs fossils found in India and North Africa date to the Middle Pleistocene and in Europe to the Holstein interglacial. As indicated by fossil remains in Northern Europe, it reached Denmark and southern Sweden during the Holocene. The aurochs declined during the late Holocene due to habitat loss and hunting, and became extinct when the last individual died in 1627 in Jaktorów forest in Poland. The aurochs is depicted in Paleolithic cave paintings, Neolithic petroglyphs, Ancient Egyptian reliefs and Bronze Age figurines. It symbolised power, sexual potency and prowess in religions of the ancient Near East. Its horns were used in votive offerings, as trophies and drinking horns. Two aurochs domestication events occurred during the Neolithic Revolution. One gave rise to the domestic cattle (Bos taurus) in the Fertile Crescent in the Near East that was introduced to Europe via the Balkans and the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Hybridisation between aurochs and early domestic cattle occurred during the early Holocene. Domestication of the Indian aurochs led to the zebu cattle (Bos indicus) that hybridised with early taurine cattle in the Near East about 4,000 years ago. Some modern cattle breeds exhibit features reminiscent of the aurochs, such as the dark colour and light eel stripe along the back of bulls, the lighter colour of cows, or an aurochs-like horn shape.


  1. aurochs

    Aurochs, also known as urus or ure, is an extinct species of large wild cattle that once inhabited Europe, Asia and North Africa. It is the ancestor of modern domestic cattle, having gone extinct in the 17th century. Their appearance was somewhat similar to the modern European bison, with long, upward-curving horns.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Aurochsnoun

    the European bison (Bison bonasus, / Europaeus), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of Caesar, with which it has often been confused

  2. Etymology: [G. auerochs, OHG. rohso; r (cf. AS. r) + ohso ox, G. ochs. Cf. Owre, Ox.]


  1. Aurochs

    The aurochs, also urus, ure, the ancestor of domestic cattle, is an extinct type of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia and North Africa; they survived in Europe until the last recorded aurochs, a female, died in the Jaktorów Forest, Poland in 1627. During the Neolithic Revolution, which occurred during the early Holocene, there were at least two aurochs domestication events: one related to the Indian subspecies, leading to zebu cattle; the other one related to the Eurasian subspecies, leading to taurine cattle. Other species of wild bovines were also domesticated, namely the wild water buffalo, gaur, and banteng. In modern cattle, numerous breeds share characteristics of the aurochs, such as a dark colour in the bulls, with a light eel stripe along the back with the cows being lighter, or a typical aurochs-like horn shape.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Aurochs

    awr′oks, n. the European bison or wild ox. [Ger. auerochs. Old High Ger. ûrohso, ur (L. urus, Gr. ouros), a kind of wild ox, and ochs, ox.]

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of aurochs in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of aurochs in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of aurochs in a Sentence

  1. Ivo Verheijen:

    We have discovered numerous remains of other animals with cutmarks in Schöningen such as horses and aurochs, with cutmarks related to skinning. Nonetheless, the highly insulating properties of bear skins, together with the fact that the hides are more flexible when treated properly, makes bear skins much more suitable for clothing than other large herbivores.

Translations for aurochs

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"aurochs." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 17 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/aurochs>.

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