What does assume mean?

Definitions for assume

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word assume.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. assume, presume, take for grantedverb

    take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof

    "I assume his train was late"

  2. assume, adopt, take on, take oververb

    take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities

    "When will the new President assume office?"

  3. assume, acquire, adopt, take on, takeverb

    take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect

    "His voice took on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he adopted an air of superiority"; "She assumed strange manners"; "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"

  4. bear, take over, accept, assumeverb

    take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person

    "I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the responsibility"

  5. assume, take, strike, take upverb

    occupy or take on

    "He assumes the lotus position"; "She took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree"; "strike a pose"

  6. assume, usurp, seize, take over, arrogateverb

    seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession

    "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"; "he usurped my rights"; "She seized control of the throne after her husband died"

  7. simulate, assume, sham, feignverb

    make a pretence of

    "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"

  8. assumeverb

    take up someone's soul into heaven

    "This is the day when May was assumed into heaven"

  9. wear, put on, get into, don, assumeverb

    put clothing on one's body

    "What should I wear today?"; "He put on his best suit for the wedding"; "The princess donned a long blue dress"; "The queen assumed the stately robes"; "He got into his jeans"


  1. assumeverb

    To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.

    We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.

  2. assumeverb

    To take on a position or duty.

    Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.

  3. assumeverb

    To adopt an idea or cause.

  4. Etymology: From assumo, from ad- + sumo.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. To ASSUMEverb

    Etymology: assumo, Lat.

    This when the various God had urg’d in vain,
    He strait assum’d his native form again. Alexander Pope.

    With ravish’d ears,
    The monarch hears,
    Assumes the God,
    Affects to nod,
    And seems to shake the spheres. John Dryden, St. Cæcilia.

    This makes him over-forward in business, assuming in conversation, and peremptory in answers. Jeremy Collier, of Confidence.

    In every hypothesis, something is allowed to be assumed. Boyle.

    His majesty might well assume the complaint and expression of king David. Edward Hyde, b. viii.


  1. assume

    To assume means to accept something to be true without any proof or evidence, often as the basis for an argument or decision. It can also mean to take on or undertake a role, duty, or responsibility.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Assumeverb

    to take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly

  2. Assumeverb

    to take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively

  3. Assumeverb

    to pretend to possess; to take in appearance

  4. Assumeverb

    to receive or adopt

  5. Assumeverb

    to be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due

  6. Assumeverb

    to undertake, as by a promise

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Assume

    as-sūm′, v.t. to adopt, take in: to take up, to take upon one's self: to take for granted: to arrogate: to pretend to possess.—v.i. to claim unduly: to be arrogant.—adjs. Assum′able, Assump′tive, that may be assumed.—adv. Assum′ably, presumably.—adj. Assumed′, appropriated, usurped: pretended: taken as the basis of argument.—advs. Assum′edly, Assum′ingly.—adj. Assum′ing, haughty: arrogant. [L. assumĕread, to, sumĕre, sumptum, to take.]

Suggested Resources

  1. Assume

    Assume vs. Presume -- In this Grammar.com article you will learn the differences between the words Assume and Presume.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2597

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2008

  3. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Verbs Frequency: #205

Anagrams for assume »

  1. amuses

  2. Seamus

How to pronounce assume?

How to say assume in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of assume in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of assume in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of assume in a Sentence

  1. Steven Mana'oakamai Johnson:

    Just because the reef currently doesn't show any impacts from climate change, it doesn't mean that's going to hold into the future, and so we can't just assume that because no one knew it was there, and when we found it, it was in good shape that it will continue to dodge the proverbial climate bullets.

  2. G. H. Lewes, Physiology of Common Life:

    We must never assume that which is incapable of proof.

  3. The Nobel laureate:

    As I'm not an astrologer, I cannot say what the situation will be, i'm just a politician. As politicians we can calculate, but we can't assume the situation will happen as we calculate.

  4. Dejan Ilijevski:

    Although some investors may assume that higher inflation leads to lower stock performance, US market history shows that nominal annual stock returns are unrelated to inflation.

  5. President Trump:

    I think James Comey’s got a lot of problems, at some point, they have an IG report. Then let’s see what Comey has to say. I assume he’s covered in the IG report.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for assume

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • يفترض, افترض, افترArabic
  • заемам, поемам, приемам, допускамBulgarian
  • domnívat se, předpokládat, nabrat, zaujmoutCzech
  • antage, formodeDanish
  • aufnehmen, annehmen, einnehmenGerman
  • υποθέτωGreek
  • supozi, akceptiEsperanto
  • dar por sentado, suponer, asumirSpanish
  • حدس زدن, فرض کردنPersian
  • olettaaFinnish
  • haldaFaroese
  • assumer, supposer, présupposer, prendre, adopter, présumerFrench
  • presupporre, assumere, ritenereItalian
  • 仮定する, 負う, 引き受けるJapanese
  • 가정Korean
  • assumeLatin
  • whakatupuMāori
  • innemen, veronderstellen, aannemenDutch
  • założyć, przyjąćPolish
  • assumir, presumir, pressupor, suporPortuguese
  • presupune, prepuneRomanian
  • принять, допустить, занимать, допускать, предполагать, занять, принимать, предположитьRussian
  • pretpostavitiSerbo-Croatian
  • predpokladaťSlovak
  • antaSwedish
  • கருதுவதுTamil
  • สมมติThai

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"assume." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 2 Mar. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/assume>.

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    proceed or issue forth, as from a source
    • A. loom
    • B. emanate
    • C. transpire
    • D. famish

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