What does assume mean?

Definitions for assume
əˈsumas·sume

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word assume.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. assume, presume, take for granted(verb)

    take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof

    "I assume his train was late"

  2. assume, adopt, take on, take over(verb)

    take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities

    "When will the new President assume office?"

  3. assume, acquire, adopt, take on, take(verb)

    take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect

    "His voice took on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he adopted an air of superiority"; "She assumed strange manners"; "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"

  4. bear, take over, accept, assume(verb)

    take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person

    "I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the responsibility"

  5. assume, take, strike, take up(verb)

    occupy or take on

    "He assumes the lotus position"; "She took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree"; "strike a pose"

  6. assume, usurp, seize, take over, arrogate(verb)

    seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession

    "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"; "he usurped my rights"; "She seized control of the throne after her husband died"

  7. simulate, assume, sham, feign(verb)

    make a pretence of

    "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"

  8. assume(verb)

    take up someone's soul into heaven

    "This is the day when May was assumed into heaven"

  9. wear, put on, get into, don, assume(verb)

    put clothing on one's body

    "What should I wear today?"; "He put on his best suit for the wedding"; "The princess donned a long blue dress"; "The queen assumed the stately robes"; "He got into his jeans"

Wiktionary

  1. assume(Verb)

    To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.

    We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.

    Etymology: From assumo, from ad- + sumo.

  2. assume(Verb)

    To take on a position or duty.

    Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.

    Etymology: From assumo, from ad- + sumo.

  3. assume(Verb)

    To adopt an idea or cause.

    Etymology: From assumo, from ad- + sumo.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Assume(verb)

    to take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly

  2. Assume(verb)

    to take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively

  3. Assume(verb)

    to pretend to possess; to take in appearance

  4. Assume(verb)

    to receive or adopt

  5. Assume(verb)

    to be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due

  6. Assume(verb)

    to undertake, as by a promise

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Assume

    as-sūm′, v.t. to adopt, take in: to take up, to take upon one's self: to take for granted: to arrogate: to pretend to possess.—v.i. to claim unduly: to be arrogant.—adjs. Assum′able, Assump′tive, that may be assumed.—adv. Assum′ably, presumably.—adj. Assumed′, appropriated, usurped: pretended: taken as the basis of argument.—advs. Assum′edly, Assum′ingly.—adj. Assum′ing, haughty: arrogant. [L. assumĕread, to, sumĕre, sumptum, to take.]

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2597

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2008

  3. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Verbs Frequency: #205

Anagrams for assume »

  1. amuses, Seamus

  2. Seamus

How to pronounce assume?

  1. Alex
    US English
    Daniel
    British
    Karen
    Australian
    Veena
    Indian

How to say assume in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of assume in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of assume in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of assume in a Sentence

  1. Passos Coelho:

    If I am not prime minister as of Tuesday it will be because the Socialists did not let me continue ... I'll be where I am needed, in government which is the natural place for the one who won the election, but if I am potentially not in government but in opposition, I will assume my responsibilities.

  2. Daniel Lucey:

    I don't think we should assume that this outbreak is going to be over in the next few months or even this year, i hope that it is, but I won't be surprised if it's not gone.

  3. Patrick Shanahan:

    When I came into this role, the recommendation was brought to me that Secretary James Mattis had, he had convened a review, and that recommendation was brought to me. I did not find that sufficient, so I convened my own review, so I can ensure from top to bottom, there's the appropriate accountability. I do not know when that will be complete, but I have to assume that much of the work that's been done to date can be used.

  4. Gerald Weinberg, "The Psychology of Computer Programming":

    We have come through a strange cycle in programming, starting with the creation of programming itself as a human activity. Executives with the tiniest smattering of knowledge assume that anyone can write a program, and only now are programmers beginning to win their battle for recognition as true professionals. Not just anyone, with any background, or any training, can do a fine job of programming. Programmers know this, but then why is it that they think that anyone picked off the street can do documentation? One has only to spend an hour looking at papers written by graduate students to realize the extent to which the ability to communicate is not universally held. And so, when we speak about computer program documentation, we are not speaking about the psychology of computer programming at all - except insofar as programmers have the illusion that anyone can do a good job of documentation, provided he is not smart enough to be a programmer.

  5. Alexander Dobrindt:

    There's a curve there, so we must assume that the train drivers must not have been able to see each other beforehand.

Images & Illustrations of assume

  1. assumeassumeassumeassumeassume

Popularity rank by frequency of use

assume#1#3354#10000

Translations for assume

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • يفترض, افترض, افترArabic
  • допускам, поемам, заемам, приемамBulgarian
  • zaujmout, nabrat, předpokládat, domnívat seCzech
  • formode, antageDanish
  • annehmen, aufnehmen, einnehmenGerman
  • υποθέτωGreek
  • supozi, akceptiEsperanto
  • asumir, dar por sentado, suponerSpanish
  • فرض کردن, حدس زدنPersian
  • olettaaFinnish
  • haldaFaroese
  • présupposer, présumer, assumer, adopter, supposer, prendreFrench
  • presupporre, ritenere, assumereItalian
  • 引き受ける, 負う, 仮定するJapanese
  • 가정Korean
  • whakatupuMāori
  • innemen, aannemen, veronderstellenDutch
  • przyjąć, założyćPolish
  • assumir, presumir, supor, pressuporPortuguese
  • presupune, prepuneRomanian
  • занять, занимать, предполагать, предположить, принять, принимать, допускать, допуститьRussian
  • pretpostavitiSerbo-Croatian
  • predpokladaťSlovak
  • antaSwedish
  • கருதுவதுTamil

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    a deceitful and unreliable scoundrel
    • A. rogue
    • B. deterioration
    • C. nuisance
    • D. disguise

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