What does artery mean?

Definitions for artery
ˈɑr tə riarte·ry

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word artery.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. artery, arteria, arterial blood vesselnoun

    a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

  2. arterynoun

    a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic


  1. arterynoun

    An efferent blood vessel from the heart, conveying blood away from the heart regardless of oxygenation status; see pulmonary artery.

  2. arterynoun

    A major transit corridor.

  3. Etymology: From artaire, from arteria, from ἀρτηρία.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. ARTERYnoun

    An artery is a conical canal, conveying the blood from the heart to all parts of the body. Each artery is composed of three coats; of which the first seems to be a thread of fine blood vessels and nerves, for nourishing the coats of the artery; the second is made up of circular, or rather spiral fibres, of which there are more or fewer strata, according to the bigness of the artery. These fibres have a strong elasticity, by which they contract themselves with some force, when the power by which they have been stretched out ceases. The third and inmost coat is a fine transparent membrane, which keeps the blood within its canal, that otherwise, upon the dilatation of an artery, would easily separate the spiral fibres from one another. As the arteries grow smaller, these coats grow thinner, and the coats of the veins seem only to be continuations of the capillary arteries. John Quincy

    Etymology: arteria, Lat.

    The arteries are elastick tubes, endued with a contractile force, by which they drive the blood still forward; it being hindered from going backward by the valves of the heart. Arb.


  1. Artery

    An artery (plural arteries) (from Greek ἀρτηρία (artēríā) 'windpipe, artery') is a blood vessel in humans and most animals that takes blood away from the heart to one or more parts of the body (tissues, lungs, brain etc.). Most arteries carry oxygenated blood; the two exceptions are the pulmonary and the umbilical arteries, which carry deoxygenated blood to the organs that oxygenate it (lungs and placenta, respectively). The effective arterial blood volume is that extracellular fluid which fills the arterial system. The arteries are part of the circulatory system, that is responsible for the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to all cells, as well as the removal of carbon dioxide and waste products, the maintenance of optimum blood pH, and the circulation of proteins and cells of the immune system. Arteries contrast with veins, which carry blood back towards the heart.


  1. artery

    An artery is a large, muscular blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrient-rich blood away from the heart to all parts of the body. They have thick walls capable of withstanding high pressure of the blood pumped by the heart. Some arteries are large enough to be visible to the naked eye, while others are microscopic. The main artery leaving the heart is the aorta, and it branches into smaller arteries that reach every part of the body.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Arterynoun

    the trachea or windpipe

  2. Arterynoun

    one of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart. They have tricker and more muscular walls than veins, and are connected with them by capillaries

  3. Arterynoun

    hence: Any continuous or ramified channel of communication; as, arteries of trade or commerce

  4. Etymology: [L. arteria windpipe, artery, Gr. .]


  1. Artery

    Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. This blood is normally oxygenated, exceptions made for the pulmonary and umbilical arteries. The Effective Arterial Blood Volume is that extracellular fluid which fills the arterial system. The circulatory system is vital for sustaining life. Its proper functioning is responsible for the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to all cells, as well as the removal of carbon dioxide and waste products, the maintenance of optimum pH, and the circulation of proteins and cells of the immune system. In developed countries, the two leading causes of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke, may each directly result from an arterial system that has been slowly and progressively compromised by years of deterioration..

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Artery

    är′tėr-i, n. a tube or vessel which conveys blood from the heart (see Aorta)—also metaphorically: any main channel of communication.—adj. Artēr′ialv.t. Artēr′ialise, to make arterial.—ns. Artēriot′omy, the cutting or opening of an artery, to let blood; Arterī′tis, inflammation of an artery. [L.—Gr. artēria, orig. the windpipe most probably—Gr. air-ein, to raise. The ancient conception of the artery as an air-duct gave rise to the derivation from Gr. aēr, air.]

Editors Contribution

  1. artery

    A type of blood vessel within the body.

    The basal artery is formed by the union of the two vertebral arteries.

    Submitted by MaryC on March 20, 2020  

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of artery in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of artery in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of artery in a Sentence

  1. Richard Chang:

    We did what we call a cut-down : We opened up a big artery in the shoulder area and surgically tied in a graft-conduit, that allowed me to put in the 5-liter pump into the shoulder area through a graft, and pull the other one out from the groin. That ultimately I think is like playing chess — you got ta plan for the next move.

  2. Nasir Haj Mahmoud:

    This is the main artery for Daesh.

  3. Timothy Heath:

    They are destabilizing the situation by building these artificial islands in a rapid amount of time and militarizing those facilities … and this is a major artery in which commercial traffic for the United States passes through as well as our military vessels, the U.S. has very strong interests in making sure these seas remain free and open.

  4. Spencer Stone:

    I went over, saw that he was squirting blood out of the left or right side of his neck, and I was going to use my shirt at first, but I realised that wasn't going to work, so I just stuck two of my fingers in the hole, found what I thought to be the artery, pushed down and the bleeding stopped.

  5. Carolyn Brockington:

    Think of [the aneurysm] like a balloon coming off the wall of the artery. On the neck of the balloon they put a small clip in so blood can’t go into the aneurysm, which means the balloon will deflate, the more newer approach is an endovascular approach using an angiogram. They go into the balloon itself and fill the balloon with small coil so blood can’t go into the balloon, and therefore the aneurysm deflates.

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"artery." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 30 Sep. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/artery>.

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    flee; take to one's heels; cut and run
    • A. efface
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