What does apocrypha mean?

Definitions for apocrypha
əˈpɒk rə fəapoc·rypha

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word apocrypha.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Apocryphanoun

    14 books of the Old Testament included in the Vulgate (except for II Esdras) but omitted in Jewish and Protestant versions of the Bible; eastern Christian churches (except the Coptic Church) accept all these books as canonical; the Russian Orthodox Church accepts these texts as divinely inspired but does not grant them the same status


  1. apocryphanoun

    Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others.

    Note: Fourteen such writings, or books, formed part of the Septuagint, but not of the Hebrew canon recognized by the Jews of Palestine. The Council of Trent included all but three of these in the canon of inspired books having equal authority. The German and English Reformers grouped them in their Bibles under the title Apocrypha, as not having dogmatic authority, but being profitable for instruction. The Apocrypha is now commonly omitted from the King James Bible and most other English versions of Scripture. Note: the word is normally capitalised in this usage.

  2. apocryphanoun

    Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively. - John Locke.

  3. Etymology: Latin apocryphus "apocryphal", from ἀπόκρυφος.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. APOCRYPHAnoun

    Books whose authours are not known. It is used for the books appended to the sacred writings, which, being of doubtful authours, are less regarded.

    Etymology: from ἀϖοϰϱύπτω, to put out of fight.

    We hold not the apocrypha for sacred, as we do the holy scripture, but for human compositions. Richard Hooker, b. v.


  1. Apocrypha

    Apocrypha are written works, often of unknown authorship or doubtful origin. In Christianity, the word apocryphal (ἀπόκρυφος) was first applied to writings which were to be read privately rather than in the public context of church services -- edifying Christian works which were not considered canonical Scripture. In the wake of the Protestant Reformation, the word apocrypha came to mean "false, spurious, bad, or heretical". From a Protestant point of view, Biblical apocrypha are a set of texts included in the Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate, but not in the Hebrew Bible. While Catholic tradition considers some of these texts to be deuterocanonical, and the Orthodox Churches consider them all to be canonical, Protestants consider them apocryphal, that is, non-canonical books that are useful for instruction. Luther's Bible placed them in a separate section in between the Old Testament and New Testament called the Apocrypha, a convention followed by subsequent Protestant Bibles. Other non-canonical apocryphal texts are generally called pseudepigrapha, a term that means "false attribution".


  1. apocrypha

    Apocrypha refers to a collection of ancient books, biblical or related writings, that are not part of the accepted canon of Scripture by certain religious communities. While some religious traditions such as Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy consider some of these texts as deuterocanonical (second canon), other traditions such as Protestantism and Judaism do not accept them as authoritative sacred texts. The term is also often used more generally to refer to writings or statements whose authenticity or value is doubtful or disputed.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Apocrypha

    something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively

  2. Apocrypha

    specif.: Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others

  3. Etymology: [L. apocryphus apocryphal, Gr. hidden, spurious, fr. to hide; from + to hide.]


  1. Apocrypha

    The term apocrypha refers most generically to statements or claims that are of dubious authenticity. The word's origin is the medieval Latin adjective apocryphus, "secret, or non-canonical", from the Greek adjective ἀπόκρυφος, "obscure", from verb ἀποκρύπτειν, "to hide away". It is commonly used in Christian religious contexts to refer to certain religious books of ancient origin, most often those over which there is still-current disagreement about biblical canonicity. The pre-Christian-era Jewish translation of holy scriptures known as the Septuagint included these writings. However, the Jewish canon was not finalized until at least 100–200 years into the Christian era, at which time considerations of Greek language and beginnings of Christian acceptance of the Septuagint weighed against some of the texts. Some were not accepted as part of the Hebrew Bible canon. Over several centuries of consideration, the books of the Septuagint were finally accepted into the Christian Old Testament, by 405 CE in the west, and by the end of the fifth century in the east. The Christian canon thus established was retained even after the 11th-century schism that separated the church into the branches known as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Apocrypha

    a-pok′rif-a, n. as applied to religious writings = (1) those suitable for the initiated only; (2) those of unknown date and origin; (3) those which are spurious—the term generally means the fourteen books or parts of books known as the Apocrypha of the Old Testament—found in the Septuagint but not the Hebrew or Palestinian canon:—(1) First, or Third, Esdras; (2) Second, or Fourth, Esdras; (3) Tobit; (4) Judith; (5) the parts of Esther not found in Hebrew or Chaldee; (6) The Wisdom of Solomon; (7) The Wisdom of Jesus, the son of Sirach, or Ecclesiasticus; (8) Baruch; (9) The Song of the Three Holy Children; (10) The History of Susannah; (11) Bel and the Dragon; (12) The Prayer of Manasses, king of Judah; (13) First Maccabees; (14) Second Maccabees. The Apocryphal books of the New Testament, as the Protevangelium of James, the Gospel of Thomas, the Gesta Pilati, &c., stand on quite a different footing, never having been accepted by any as canonical, or in any way authoritative: hidden or secret things.—adj. Apoc′ryphal, of doubtful authority. [Gr., 'things hidden'—apo, from, krypt-ein, to hide.]

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  1. apocrypha

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of apocrypha in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of apocrypha in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

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"apocrypha." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 19 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/apocrypha>.

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