What does andiron mean?

Definitions for andiron
ˈændˌaɪ ərnand·iron

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word andiron.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. andiron, firedog, dog, dog-ironnoun

    metal supports for logs in a fireplace

    "the andirons were too hot to touch"


  1. andironnoun

    A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons.

  2. Etymology: Middle English anderne (aunderne, aundyre), from andier (mod. landier), from anderon 'calf' (compare Irish ainnir 'young woman', Welsh anner 'heifer, cow-calf', enderig 'bull-calf, ox', Breton annoar 'heifer, cow-calf'), because calves rather than dogs figured prominently on ancient Celtic firedogs. Altered in form under the unfluence of iron.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Andironnoun

    Irons at the end of a fire-grate, in which the spit turns; or irons in which wood is laid to burn.

    Etymology: supposed by Stephen Skinner to be corrupted from handiron; an iron that may be moved by the hand, or may supply the place of a hand.

    If you strike an entire body, as an andiron of brass, at the top, it maketh a more treble sound, and at the bottom a baser. Francis Bacon, Natural History, №. 178.


  1. Andiron

    An andiron or firedog, fire-dog or fire dog is a bracket support, normally found in pairs, on which logs are laid for burning in an open fireplace, so that air may circulate under the firewood, allowing better burning and less smoke. They generally consist of a tall vertical element at the front, with at least two legs. This stops the logs from rolling out into the room, and may be highly decorative. The other element is one or more low horizontal pieces stretching back and serving to hold the logs off the bottom of the fireplace. An andiron is sometimes called a dog or dog-iron. Before the Renaissance, European andirons were almost invariably made entirely of iron and were of comparatively plain design. Indeed, andirons and firebacks were one of the first types of object to be commonly made in cast iron, a trend which in England began in the 1540s: until the nineteenth century cast iron was too brittle for many uses, but andirons carried light loads and this was not a problem. However, from the Renaissance onwards the front vertical element was increasingly given decorative treatment, and was in a different metal, such as brass, bronze or silver, which allowed casting, hugely increasing the range of decorative possibilities. When metals that could be cast began to be used for the fronts, these ordinary objects of the household received the attention of the artist, and had skill and taste lavished upon them. Thus English late 17th-century andirons often have elaborate flat brass front pieces, often in openwork and sometimes using enamel for further decoration. By the eighteenth century classical forms with several mouldings, similar to those used for candlesticks and the like, predominate in pieces for the middle classes, and were imitated in the American colonies, often just in iron and rather more simply. Small figures at the front also became popular; in America cast flat "Hessian" soldiers were a long-lasting favourite. In Continental Europe, men such as Jean Berain, whose artistry was most especially applied to the ornamentation of Boulle furniture, sometimes designed them. The Algardi Firedogs commissioned from the Roman sculptor Alessandro Algardi for Philip IV of Spain by Velasquez in 1650 were copied in several foundries. The andiron reached its greatest artistic development under Louis XIV of France. From the eighteenth century, fireplaces increasingly had built-in metal grates to hold the firewood, or, increasingly, the coal, up off the floor and in place, thus largely removing the need for andirons. However, andirons were often still kept for decorative reasons, and sometimes as a place to rest pokers, tongs and other fire implements. In older periods andirons were used as a rest for a roasting spit; and sometimes included a cup-shaped top to hold porridge. Sometimes, smaller pairs were placed between the main andirons for smaller fires. These are called "creepers".


  1. andiron

    An andiron is a metal support, typically one of a pair, that holds wood burning in a fireplace. It allows air to circulate and feed the fire, keeps the burning logs in place, and prevents them from rolling out. Andirons often have decorative features and can be an enhancement to the fireplace's overall look.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Andironnoun

    a utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons

  2. Etymology: [OE. anderne, aunderne, aundyre, OF. andier, F. landier, fr. LL. andena, andela, anderia, of unknown origin. The Eng. was prob. confused with brand-iron, AS. brand-sen.]


  1. Andiron

    An andiron is a horizontal iron bar upon which logs are laid for burning in an open fireplace. They are usually used in pairs to build up a firedog, sometimes called a dog or dog-iron, intended to hold logs above the hearth in order to improve air circulation for better burning. In older eras andirons were used as a rest for a roasting spit; and sometimes included a cup-shaped top to hold porridge. The earliest andirons were forged from wrought iron.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of andiron in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of andiron in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Translations for andiron

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"andiron." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 15 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/andiron>.

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