What does analogy mean?

Definitions for analogy
əˈnæl ə dʒianal·o·gy

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word analogy.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. analogynoun

    an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others

  2. analogynoun

    drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect

    "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"

  3. doctrine of analogy, analogynoun

    the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate

Wiktionary

  1. analogynoun

    A relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation.

    Etymology: From analogia, from ἀναλογία, from ἀνά + λόγος

Webster Dictionary

  1. Analogynoun

    a resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden

    Etymology: [L. analogia, Gr. , fr. : cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]

  2. Analogynoun

    a relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different

    Etymology: [L. analogia, Gr. , fr. : cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]

  3. Analogynoun

    proportion; equality of ratios

    Etymology: [L. analogia, Gr. , fr. : cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]

  4. Analogynoun

    conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly

    Etymology: [L. analogia, Gr. , fr. : cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]

Freebase

  1. Analogy

    Analogy is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject to another particular subject, and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy. Analogy plays a significant role in problem solving such as, decision making, perception, memory, creativity, emotion, explanation and communication. It lies behind basic tasks such as the identification of places, objects and people, for example, in face perception and facial recognition systems. It has been argued that analogy is "the core of cognition". Specific analogical language comprises exemplification, comparisons, metaphors, similes, allegories, and parables, but not metonymy. Phrases like and so on, and the like, as if, and the very word like also rely on an analogical understanding by the receiver of a message including them. Analogy is important not only in ordinary language and common sense but also in science, philosophy and the humanities. The concepts of association, comparison, correspondence, mathematical and morphological homology, homomorphism, iconicity, isomorphism, metaphor, resemblance, and similarity are closely related to analogy. In cognitive linguistics, the notion of conceptual metaphor may be equivalent to that of analogy.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Analogy

    an-al′o-ji, n. an agreement or correspondence in certain respects between things otherwise different—a resemblance of relations, as in the phrase, 'Knowledge is to the mind what light is to the eye:' relation in general: likeness: (geom.) proportion or the equality of ratios: (gram.) the correspondence of a word or phrase with the genius of a language, as learned from the manner in which its words and phrases are ordinarily formed: similarity of derivative or inflectional processes.—adjs. Analog′ical, Anal′ogic.—adv. Analog′ically.—v.t. Anal′ogise, to explain or consider by analogy:—pr.p. anal′ogīsing; pa.p. anal′ogīsed.—ns. Anal′ogism (obs.), investigation by analogy: argument from cause to effect; Anal′ogist, one who adheres to analogy; Anal′ogon = analogue.—adj. Anal′ogous, having analogy: bearing some correspondence with or resemblance to: similar in certain circumstances or relations (with to).—adv. Anal′ogously.—ns. Anal′ogousness; An′alogue, a word or body bearing analogy to, or resembling, another: (biol.) a term used to denote physiological, independent of morphological resemblance.—Organs are analogous to one another, or are analogues, when they perform the same function, though they may be altogether different in structure; as the wings of a bird and the wings of an insect. Again, organs are homologous, or homologues, when they are constructed on the same plan, undergo a similar development, and bear the same relative position, and this independent of either form or function. Thus the arms of a man and the wings of a bird are homologues of one another, while the wing of a bird and the wing of a bat are both analogous and homologous. [Gr. ana, according to, and logos, ratio.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. analogy

    Resemblance, relation, or equality; a similitude of ratios or proportions.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'analogy' in Nouns Frequency: #2844

How to pronounce analogy?

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of analogy in Chaldean Numerology is: 3

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of analogy in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of analogy in a Sentence

  1. Prof.Salam Al Shereida:

    Exploring an aspect of the truth will be re- measuring the analogy.

  2. Chris Harrison:

    This particular piece of work on the Teacup Galaxy has provided new insight into how the black holes [drive energy] in ordinary galaxies, they appear to be capable of driving jets of charged particles that collide into the gas. You could imagine the ‘jet’ as like a water cannon being driven into a crowd of people - the water cannon collides with the crowd and causes it to break up and disperse rapidly. In this analogy, the crowd represents the gas in the galaxy that is trying to form stars, but is destroyed by the jet.

  3. Democratic Sen. Dick Durbin:

    I've pulled up short of a federal mandate ... but I am really distressed by some of these comments of wannabe presidential candidates..., think of an analogy: What if I said 'It's my car, I don't want any brakes...and it just endangered my life? [But] you're endangering the lives of other drivers. That's what this is about.

  4. Murthy Gudipati:

    Deep fried ice cream is really the perfect analogy, because the interior of the comets should still be very cold and contain the more porous, amorphous ice.

  5. Scott Huettel:

    I'd be very surprised if the algorithm ... has anything more than just superficial analogy to what we would call human intuition.

Images & Illustrations of analogy

  1. analogyanalogyanalogyanalogyanalogy

Popularity rank by frequency of use

analogy#10000#16296#100000

Translations for analogy

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    an outward semblance that misrepresents the true nature of something
    • A. odometer
    • B. disguise
    • C. purse
    • D. drought

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