What does against mean?

Definitions for against
əˈgɛnst, əˈgeɪnstagainst

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word against.

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  1. againstconjunction

    By the time that (something happened); before.

  2. againstpreposition

    In a contrary direction to.

    If you swim against the current, you must work harder.

  3. againstpreposition

    Close to.

  4. againstpreposition

    In front of; before a background.

    The giant was silhouetted against the door.

  5. againstpreposition

    In physical contact with.

    The puppy rested its head against a paw.

  6. againstpreposition

    In physical opposition to, or in collision with.

    The rain pounds against the window.

  7. againstpreposition

    In contrast and/or comparison with.

    He stands out against his local classmates

  8. againstpreposition

    In competition with, versus.

    The Tigers will play against the Bears this weekend.

  9. againstpreposition

    In opposition to.

  10. againstpreposition

    In exchange for.

  11. againstpreposition

    As counterbalance to.

  12. againstpreposition

    As a charge on.

  13. againstpreposition

    As protection from.

    He turned the umbrella against the wind.

  14. againstpreposition

    Exposed to.

  15. againstpreposition

    In anticipation of; in preparation for (a particular time, event etc.).

  16. Etymology: Formed from agenes,, a southern variant of, or directly from again, either way with adverbial genitive singular ending -es; the parasitic was added circa 1350, probably by confusion with the superlative ending -est.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Againstprep.

    Etymology: ængeon, ongeond, Sax.

    And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man’s hand against him. Gen. xvi. 12.

    That authority of men should prevail with men either against or above reason, is no part of our belief. Richard Hooker.

    He is melancholy without cause, and merry against the hair. William Shakespeare, Troilus and Cressida.

    We might work any effect without and against matter; and this not holpen by the co-operation of angels or spirits, but only by the unity and harmony of nature. Francis Bacon, Natural Hist.

    The preventing goodness of God does even wrest him from himself, and save him, as it were, against his will. South.

    The god, uneasy till he slept again,
    Resolv’d, at once, to rid himself of pain;
    And, tho’ against his custom, call’d aloud,
    Exciting Morpheus from the sleepy crowd. Dryden.

    Men often say a thing is against their conscience, when really it is not. Jonathan Swift, Miscellanies.

    After all that can be said against a thing, this will still be true, that many things possibly are, which we know not of; and that many more things may be than are: and if so, after all our arguments against a thing, it will be uncertain whether it be or not. John Tillotson.

    The church-clergy have written the best collection of tracts against popery, that ever appeared in England. Jonathan Swift.

    Boils and plagues
    Plaister you o’er, that you may be abhorr’d
    Farther than seen, and one infect another
    Against the wind a mile. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

    The kite being a bird of prey, and therefore hot, delighteth in the fresh air; and many times flieth against the wind, as trouts and salmons swim against the stream. Francis Bacon.

    If aught against my life
    Thy country sought of thee, it sought unjustly,
    Against the law of nature, law of nations. John Milton, Sam. Agon.

    Against the public sanctions of the peace,
    Against all omens of their ill success;
    With fates averse, the rout in arms resort,
    To force their monarch, and insult the court. John Dryden, Æn.

    Against the Tiber’s mouth, but far away. Dryden.

    And when thou think’st of her eternity,
    Think not that death against her nature is;
    Think it a birth: and when thou go’st to die,
    Sing like a swan, as if thou went’st to bliss. John Davies.

    Thence she them brought into a stately hall,
    Wherein were many tables fair dispred,
    And ready dight with drapets festival,
    Against the viands should be ministred. Fairy Queen.

    The like charge was given them against the time they should come to settle themselves in the land promised unto their fathers. Richard Hooker, b. v. § 11.

    Some say, that ever ’gainst that season comes,
    Wherein our Saviour’s birth is celebrated,
    The bird of dawning singeth all night long:
    And then they say no spirit walks abroad;
    The nights are wholesome, then no planets strike,
    No fairy tales, no witch hath power to charm;
    So hallowed and so gracious is the time. William Shakespeare, Hamlet.

    To that purpose, he made haste to Bristol, that all things might be ready against the prince came thither. Edward Hyde.

    Against the promis’d time provides with care,
    And hastens in the woof, the robes he was to wear. Dryd.

    All which I grant to be reasonably and truly said, and only desire they may be remembered against another day. Edward Stillingfleet.


  1. against

    Against is a preposition that is used to indicate opposition or resistance to someone or something. It can also mean in anticipation of or in preparation for an action or event. It can further be used to express physical contact or collision with someone or something.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Against

    abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over

  2. Against

    from an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof

  3. Against

    in opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time

  4. Against

    by of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when

  5. Etymology: [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.]


  1. Against

    Against is the seventh studio album by the Brazilian metal band Sepultura, released in 1998 through Roadrunner Records. It is the band's first release with new frontman Derrick Green, who replaced group founder Max Cavalera in 1997.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Against

    a-genst′, also a-gānst′, prep. opposite to: in opposition to: in contact or collision with: in provision for: in exchange for, instead of: (B. and Shak.) by the time that, elliptically for 'against (the time) at which' or 'that I come.' [Formed from again, with genitive ending -es, as whilst from while—the -t being a later addition, as in amongs-t, amids-t, &c.]

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'against' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #137

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'against' in Written Corpus Frequency: #366

How to pronounce against?

How to say against in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of against in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of against in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of against in a Sentence

  1. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro:

    Mr. Trump, open your eyes, don’t let yourself be manipulated and led to failed regime change policies against Venezuela.

  2. Adam Schiff:

    The transcripts also reveal why Michael Flynn was properly the subject of a counterintelligence investigation and how the DOJ's effort to dismiss the case against Michael Flynn is so transparently political and destructive to the interests of justice, as a result of lying to both the FBI and the Vice President, Michael Flynn posed a severe counterintelligence risk because the Russians knew the real contents of Flynn's communications and that Michael Flynn lied about them to the some of the most senior officials in the U.S. government.

  3. Bruce Barket:

    Any suggestion that Mr. Tartaglione assaulted anyone is a complete fabrication, this story is being leaked to retaliate against Mr. Tartaglione for complaining to the court about the deplorable conditions at the MCC.

  4. Lindsey Graham:

    I am pleased to have reached a bipartisan agreement with Senator Van Hollen on severe sanctions against Turkey for their invasion of Syria, while the Administration refuses to act against Turkey, I expect strong bipartisan support.

  5. Hangwani Mulaudzi:

    The indictment does talk to issues of terror plots that they were planning against the U.S. Embassy as well as Jewish Buildings in the country, the twins have been charged with conspiracy.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for against

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"against." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 2 Mar. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/against>.

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    involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm
    • A. dangerous
    • B. dependable
    • C. plush
    • D. cosmopolitan

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