What does acylglycerol mean?

Definitions for acylglycerol

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word acylglycerol.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. glyceride, acylglycerolnoun

    an ester of glycerol and fatty acids that occurs naturally as fats and fatty oils

    "fresh fats contain glycerides of fatty acids and very little free acid"


  1. acylglycerolnoun

    Any ester of glycerol; glyceride


  1. acylglycerol

    Glycerides, more correctly known as acylglycerols, are esters formed from glycerol and fatty acids, and are generally very hydrophobic.Glycerol has three hydroxyl functional groups, which can be esterified with one, two, or three fatty acids to form mono-, di-, and triglycerides. These structures vary in their fatty acid alkyl groups as they can contain different carbon numbers, different degrees of unsaturation, and different configurations and positions of olefins. Vegetable oils and animal fats contain mostly triglycerides, but are broken down by natural enzymes (lipases) into mono and diglycerides and free fatty acids and glycerol. Soaps are formed from the reaction of glycerides with sodium hydroxide. The product of the reaction is glycerol and salts of fatty acids. Fatty acids in the soap emulsify the oils in dirt, enabling the removal of oily dirt with water. Partial glycerides are esters of glycerol with fatty acids, where not all the hydroxyl groups are esterified. Since some of their hydroxyl groups are free their molecules are polar. Partial glycerides may be monoglycerides (two hydroxyl groups free) or diglycerides (one hydroxyl group free). Short chain partial glycerides are more strongly polar than long chain partial glycerides, and have excellent solvent properties for many hard-to-solubilize drugs, making them valuable as excipients in improving the formulation of certain pharmaceuticals. The most common forms of acylglycerol are triglycerides, having high caloric value and usually yielding twice as much energy per gram as carbohydrate.


  1. acylglycerol

    Acylglycerol is a general term for any lipid molecule formed by the combination of glycerol with fatty acids through ester bonds. The number of fatty acids can vary from one to three, leading to the formation of monoacylglycerols, diacylglycerols, and triacylglycerols (or triglycerides), which are commonly found in animal and plant cells. These molecules serve as an important source of energy for the body, function in insulation and protection, and participate in various metabolic and cell signaling processes.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of acylglycerol in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of acylglycerol in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Translations for acylglycerol

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"acylglycerol." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 26 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/acylglycerol>.

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