What does abstract mean?

Definitions for abstract
æbˈstrækt, ˈæb strækt; ˈæb strækt; æbˈstrækt for 11-14 , ˈæb strækt for 15ab·stract

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word abstract.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. abstraction, abstractnoun

    a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

    "he loved her only in the abstract--not in person"

  2. outline, synopsis, abstract, precisadjective

    a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

  3. abstractadjective

    existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment

    "abstract words like `truth' and `justice'"

  4. abstract, abstractionist, nonfigurative, nonobjectiveadjective

    not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature

    "a large abstract painting"

  5. abstractverb

    dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention

    "abstract reasoning"; "abstract science"

  6. abstractverb

    consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically

  7. pilfer, cabbage, purloin, pinch, abstract, snarf, swipe, hook, sneak, filch, nobble, liftverb

    make off with belongings of others

  8. abstractverb

    consider apart from a particular case or instance

    "Let's abstract away from this particular example"

  9. abstractverb

    give an abstract (of)

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Abstractadjective

    Etymology: abstractus, Lat.

    Mathematics, in its latitude, is usually divided into pure and mixed. And though the pure do handle only abstract quantity in general, as geometry, arithmetic; yet that which is mixed, doth consider the quantity of some particular determinate subject. So astronomy handles the quantity of heavenly motions, music of sounds, and mechanics of weights and powers. John Wilkins, Mathematical Magick.

    Abstract terms signify the mode or quality of a being, without any regard to the subject in which it is; as, whiteness, roundness, length, breadth, wisdom, mortality, life, death. Isaac Watts, Logick.

    Another fruit from the considering things in themselves, abstract from our opinions and other mens notions and discourses on them, will be, that each man will pursue his thoughts in that method, which will be most agreeable to the nature of the thing, and to his apprehension of what it suggests to him. John Locke.

  2. Abstractnoun

    Etymology: from the verb.

    You shall there find a man, who is the abstract
    Of all faults all men follow. William Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra.

    If you are false, these epithets are small;
    You’re then the things, and abstract of them all. John Dryden, Aur.

    When Mnemon came to the end of a chapter, he recollected the sentiments he had remarked; so that he could give a tolerable analysis and abstract of every treatise he had read, just after he had finished it. Isaac Watts, Improvement of the Mind.

    The hearts of great princes, if they be considered, as it were in abstract, without the necessity of states, and circumstances of time, can take no full and proportional pleasure in the exercise of any narrow bounty. Henry Wotton.

  3. To ABSTRACTverb

    Etymology: abstraho, Lat.

    Could we abstract from these pernicious effects, and suppose this were innocent, it would be too light to be matter of praise. Decay of Piety.

    Those, who cannot distinguish, compare and abstract, would hardly be able to understand and make use of language, or judge or reason to any tolerable degree. John Locke.

    If we would fix in the memory the discourses we hear, or what we design to speak, let us abstract them into brief compends, and review them often. Isaac Watts, Improv. of the Mind.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Abstractadjective

    withdraw; separate

  2. Abstractadjective

    considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult

  3. Abstractadjective

    expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word

  4. Abstractadjective

    resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, "reptile" is an abstract or general name

  5. Abstractadjective

    abstracted; absent in mind

  6. Abstractadjective

    to withdraw; to separate; to take away

  7. Abstractadjective

    to draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects

  8. Abstractadjective

    to separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute

  9. Abstractadjective

    to epitomize; to abridge

  10. Abstractadjective

    to take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till

  11. Abstractadjective

    to separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used

  12. Abstractverb

    to perform the process of abstraction

  13. Abstractadjective

    that which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief

  14. Abstractadjective

    a state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things

  15. Abstractadjective

    an abstract term

  16. Abstractadjective

    a powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance

  17. Etymology: [See Abstract, a.]

Freebase

  1. Abstract

    An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject. The terms précis or synopsis are used in some publications to refer to the same thing that other publications might call an "abstract". In management reports, an executive summary usually contains more information than the abstract does.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Abstract

    abs-trakt′, v.t. to draw away: to separate: to purloin.—adj. Abstract′ed, drawn off (with from): removed: absent in mind.—adv. Abstract′edly.—ns. Abstract′edness; Abstrac′tion, act of abstracting: state of being abstracted: absence of mind: the operation of the mind by which certain qualities or attributes of an object are considered apart from the rest: a purloining.—adj. Abstract′ive, having the power of abstracting.—n. anything abstractive: an abstract.—adv. Abs′tractly.—n. Abs′tractness. [L. abs, away from, trahĕre, tractum, to draw. See Trace.]

  2. Abstract

    abs′trakt, adj. general, as opposed to particular or individual (the opposite of abstract is concrete—a red colour is an abstract notion, a red rose is a concrete notion; an abstract noun is the name of a quality apart from the thing, as redness).—n. summary: abridgment: essence. [L. abstractus, as if a quality common to a number of things were drawn away from the things and considered by itself.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. abstract

    A brief register of the warrant officer's stores, by which the supplies, expenses, and remains are duly balanced. An abstract log contains the most important subjects of a ship's log.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'abstract' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4596

  2. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'abstract' in Adjectives Frequency: #624

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of abstract in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of abstract in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of abstract in a Sentence

  1. Anonymous:

    A future with automation is the equivalent as the past with primitive technology. It is the abstract factor that will ruin the utmost ambitions of our families' generations. To combat this 'societal plague' is to combat laziness, similar to defending against our negative mentality.

  2. Marc Ambinder:

    The' plan' was so much more powerful in the abstract than anything you could offer in the real world to counter it.

  3. Henry Kissinger:

    The Vietnam War required us to emphasize the national interest rather than abstract principles. ... What President Nixon and I tried to do was unnatural. And that is why we didn't make it.

  4. Arthur Schopenhauer:

    Money is human happiness in the abstract he, then, who is no longer capable of enjoying human happiness in the concrete devotes himself utterly to money.

  5. Leland Stowe:

    An American will tinker with anything he can put his hands on. But how rarely can he be persuaded to tinker with an abstract idea.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

abstract#1#1475#10000

Translations for abstract

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • ملخصArabic
  • абстра́ктныBelarusian
  • абстрактен, неразбираем, отвлечен, изваждам, абстракция, отнемам, отмъквам, извадка, отвлечено понятие, отвличам, екстракт, резюме, абстракт, (внимание), отделямBulgarian
  • abstracte, xifra, resum, abstraccióCatalan, Valencian
  • shrnutí, výtažek, výtahCzech
  • abstrakt, resumeDanish
  • abstrakt, entziehen, trennen, Zusammenfassung, Auszug, abstrahierenGerman
  • σύνοψη, θεωρητικός, αφηρημένος, δυσνόητος, υπεξαιρώ, αφαιρούμαι, αφαιρώ, συνοψίζω, διαχωρίζω, αφαίρεση, αποσύρω, περίληψη, αποσπώ, αφηρημένη τέχνη, απόσταγμα, κλέβω, επιτομή, αποστάζω, εκχύλισμαGreek
  • abstraktaEsperanto
  • abstracción, extracto, arte abstracto, resumenSpanish
  • abstraktne, kokkuvõteEstonian
  • abstraktuBasque
  • انتزاعیPersian
  • poissaoleva, erillinen, abstrakti, uuttaa, yleinen, vaikeaselkoinen, teoreettinen, abstrahoida, käsite, eristää, puhaltaa, aineellistuma, tiivistää, erottaa, uute, tiivistelmä, tuumia, vetää, abstraktio, vetäytyä, poistaaFinnish
  • résumé, abstrait, abstraireFrench
  • पिछे आना, अमूर्त, अमूर्त कलाकृती करना, निचोड, अलग करना, सारांश करना, अमूर्तिकरन करना, निकाल देना, सारांश, अमूर्तरूपसे लेना, सारHindi
  • absztraktHungarian
  • աբստրակտ, վերացականArmenian
  • astruso, teorico, astratto, astrarre, rimuovere, riassumere, sunto, sottrarre, estratto, compendio, astrazione, estrarre, riassuntoItalian
  • 抽象的, 取る, 要約, 抽象派, 抽出, 概要Japanese
  • अमूर्त, अमूर्तिकरण करणे, काढून टाकणे, अमूर्त कलाकृती करणे, मागे येणे, गोषवारा, सत्त्व, सारांश, अमूर्तपणे घेणे, वेगळे करणे, सारांश करणेMarathi
  • samenvatting, vaag, algemeen, verstrooid, afwezig, abstract, theoretisch, gescheiden, afgezonderd, onttrokken, abstraheren, afzonderen, samenvatten, korte inhoud, zich terugtrekken, terugtrekken, abstractie, onttrekken, ontvreemden, afleiden, uittrekselDutch
  • abstrakt, distrahert, abstraksjon, utdrag, oppsummering, referat, distraksjon, sammendrag, sammenfatning, ekstraktNorwegian
  • abstrakcyjnyPolish
  • abstrato, complicado, difícil, desatento, distraído, abstrair, roubar, abstração, destilar, resumo, sumariar, resumir, sumário, retirarPortuguese
  • extras, abstracție, conspect, concentrat, extract, rezumat, esențăRomanian
  • абстрактный, экстракт, абстракция, абстрагировать, реферат, конспектRussian
  • sažetak, apstrakcijaSerbo-Croatian
  • teoretisk, abstrakt, svårfattlig, djupsinnig, skilja av, abstrahera, stjäla, sammanfattning, sammandrag, nalla, utdrag, ta bort, referat, sno, skilja ut, sammanfatta, knyckaSwedish
  • சுருக்கம்Tamil
  • นามThai
  • рефератUkrainian
  • trừu tượngVietnamese

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    come up with (an idea, plan, explanation, theory, or principle) after a mental effort
    • A. caddie
    • B. monish
    • C. huff
    • D. excogitate

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