What does absent mean?

Definitions for absent
ˈæb sənt; æbˈsɛnt, ˈæb səntab·sent

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word absent.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. absentadjective

    not being in a specified place

  2. lacking, absent, missing, wantingadjective


    "the thumb is absent"; "her appetite was lacking"

  3. absent, absentminded, abstracted, scattyverb

    lost in thought; showing preoccupation

    "an absent stare"; "an absentminded professor"; "the scatty glancing quality of a hyperactive but unfocused intelligence"

  4. absent, removeverb

    go away or leave

    "He absented himself"

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. ABSENTadjective

    Etymology: absens, Lat.

    In spring the fields, in autumn hills I love;
    At morn the plains, at noon the shady grove;
    But Delia always: absent from her sight,
    Nor plains at morn, nor groves at noon delight. Alexander Pope, Past.

    Where there is advantage to be given,
    Both more and less have given him the revolt;
    And none serve with him but constrained things,
    Whose hearts are absent too. William Shakespeare, Macbeth.

    Whether they were absent or present, they were vexed alike. Wisd. xi. 11.

    I distinguish a man that is absent, because he thinks of something else, from him that is absent, because he thinks of nothing. Joseph Addison, Spectator, №. 77.

  2. To Absentverb

    To withdraw, to forbear to come into presence.

    If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart,
    Absent thee from felicity a while,
    And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain,
    To tell my tale. William Shakespeare, Hamlet.

    But if thou think’st trial unsought may find
    Us both securer, than thus warn’d thou seem’st,
    Go —— for thy stay, not free, absents thee more. John Milton, Paradise Lost, b. ix. l. 372.

    Tho’ I am forc’d, thus to absent myself
    From all I love, I shall contrive some means,
    Some friendly intervals, to visit thee. Thomas Southerne, Spartan Dame.

    The Arengo, however, is still called together in cases of extraordinary importance; and if, after due summons, any member absents himself, he is to be fined to the value of about a penny English. Joseph Addison, Remarks on Italy.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Absentadjective

    being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present

  2. Absentadjective

    not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or absent

  3. Absentadjective

    inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied; as, an absent air

  4. Absentverb

    to take or withdraw (one's self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; -- used with the reflexive pronoun

  5. Absentverb

    to withhold from being present

  6. Etymology: [Cf. F. absenter.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Absent

    abs′ent, adj. being away: not present: inattentive—v.t. (abs-ent′) to keep one's self away.—ns. Abs′ence, the state of being away or not present: want: inattention; Absentee′, one who is absent on any occasion: one who makes a habit of living away from his estate or his office; Absentee′ism, the practice of absenting one's self from duty or station, esp. of a landowner living away from his estate.—adv. Ab′sently. [L. absent-, pr.p. of absumab, away from, sum, esse, to be.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. absent

    A term used in military returns in accounting for the deficiency of any given number of officers or soldiers, and is usually distinguished under two heads, viz.: Absent with leave, such as officers with permission, or enlisted men on furlough. Absent without leave; men who desert are sometimes reported absent without leave, to bring their crimes under cognizance of regimental, garrison, or field-officers’ courts; thus, under mitigating circumstances, trial by general court-martial is avoided. Absence without leave entails forfeiture of pay during such absence, unless it is excused as unavoidable. An officer absent without leave for three months may be dropped from the rolls of the army by the President, and is not eligible to reappointment.

British National Corpus

  1. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'absent' in Adjectives Frequency: #769

How to pronounce absent?

How to say absent in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of absent in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of absent in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Examples of absent in a Sentence

  1. Daniel Briesemann:

    Prices sold off yesterday and are still recovering, liquidity is very low due to the Chinese players being absent. It will be this way until the Chinese customers come back into the market.

  2. Robert Copeland:

    To get something done, a committee should consist of no more than three men, two of whom are absent.

  3. Dan Kamensky:

    This creates a path forward and a safe landing, absent mediation, the case will grind to a standstill.

  4. Ovid:

    Overlook our deeds, since you know that crime was absent from our inclination.

  5. Ted Cohen:

    It's a smart time to do it with all the attention around Apple, if they did it absent the Apple service, it wouldn't be the same story.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for absent

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