What does absence mean?

Definitions for absence
ˈæb sənsab·sence

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word absence.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. absencenoun

    the state of being absent

    "he was surprised by the absence of any explanation"

  2. absencenoun

    failure to be present

  3. absencenoun

    the time interval during which something or somebody is away

    "he visited during my absence"

  4. absence, absence seizurenoun

    the occurrence of an abrupt, transient loss or impairment of consciousness (which is not subsequently remembered), sometimes with light twitching, fluttering eyelids, etc.; common in petit mal epilepsy


  1. absencenoun

    A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship.

  2. absencenoun

    Failure to be present where one is expected, wanted, or needed; nonattendence; deficiency.

  3. absencenoun

    Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind)

    absence of mind.

  4. absencenoun

    Temporary lossor disruption of consciousness, with sudden onset and recovery, and common in epilepsy.

  5. absencenoun

    Lack of contact between blades.

  6. Etymology: From absent, from absentia, from absens, present active participle of absum, from ab + sum.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Absencenoun

    Sir, ’tis fit
    You have strong party to defend yourself
    By calmness, or by absence: all’s in danger. William Shakespeare, Coriol.

    His friends beheld, and pity’d him in vain,
    For what advice can ease a lover’s pain?
    Absence, the best expedient they could find,
    Might save the fortune, if not cure the mind. John Dryden, Fab.

    Absence is of a fourfold kind or species. The first is a necessary absence, as in banished persons; this is entirely necessary. A second, necessary and voluntary; as, upon the account of the commonwealth, or in the service of the church. The third kind the civilians call a probable absence; as, that of students on the score of study. And the fourth, an absence entirely voluntary; as, on the account of trade, merchandise, and the like. Some add a fifth kind of absence, which is committed cum dolo & culpâ, by a man’s non-appearance on a citation; as, in a contumacious person, who, in hatred to his contumacy, is, by the law, in some respects, reputed as a person present. John Ayliffe, Parergon Juris Canonici.

    You have given no dissertation upon the absence of lovers, nor laid down any methods how they should support themselves under those separations. Joseph Addison, Spectator, №. 241.

    I continued my walk, reflecting on the little absences and distractions of mankind. Joseph Addison, Spectator, №. 77.

    His absence from his mother oft he’ll mourn,
    And, with his eyes, look wishes to return. John Dryden, Juv. Sat. ii.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Absencenoun

    a state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; -- opposed to presence

  2. Absencenoun

    want; destitution; withdrawal

  3. Absencenoun

    inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as, absence of mind

  4. Etymology: [F., fr. L. absentia. See Absent.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. absence

    A permission occasionally obtained, on urgent affairs, by officers to quit their duties.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'absence' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1745

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'absence' in Written Corpus Frequency: #4745

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'absence' in Nouns Frequency: #779

How to pronounce absence?

How to say absence in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of absence in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of absence in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of absence in a Sentence

  1. James Abate:

    The markets are re-dialing from the sell-off, and I would say it is doing so more on the absence of any incremental bad news from the New York Fed, i think on technology a lot of that was driven by the positive news that came out of Applied Materials, which is essentially being a spark for the rally.

  2. Goethe:

    We cannot too soon convince ourselves how easily we may be dispensed with in the world. What important personages we imagine ourselves to be! We think that we alone are the life of the circle in which we move; in our absence, we fancy that life, existence, breath will come to a general pause, and, alas, the gap which we leave is scarcely perceptible, so quickly is it filled again; nay, it is often the place, if not of something better, at least for something more agreeable.

  3. Senator Rubio:

    I am grateful to Leader McConnell for his confidence in me to lead the Senate Intelligence Committee during Senator Burr's absence from the Chairmanship, the Committee has long been one that conducts The Committee work seriously, and I look forward to continuing that tradition.

  4. Lucius Annaeus Seneca:

    Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear-not absence of fear. Except a creature be part coward it is not a compliment to say it is brave.

  5. Alexander Pope:

    Let me tell you I am better acquainted with you for a long absence, as men are with themselves for a long affliction absence does but hold off a friend, to make one see him the truer.

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Translations for absence

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

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    not established or confirmed
    • A. ultimo
    • B. adscripted
    • C. ravening
    • D. unsealed

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