What does abrupt mean?

Definitions for abrupt

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word abrupt.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. abrupt, disconnectedadjective

    marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitions

    "abrupt prose"

  2. abruptadjective

    exceedingly sudden and unexpected

    "came to an abrupt stop"; "an abrupt change in the weather"

  3. abrupt, precipitous, sharpadjective

    extremely steep

    "an abrupt canyon"; "the precipitous rapids of the upper river"; "the precipitous hills of Chinese paintings"; "a sharp drop"

  4. abruptadjective

    surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in manner

    "an abrupt reply"


  1. abruptnoun

    Something which is abrupt.

  2. abruptverb

    To tear off or asunder.

  3. abruptverb

    To interrupt suddenly.

  4. abruptadjective

    Extremely steep or craggy as if broken up; precipitous.

  5. abruptadjective

    Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious.

  6. abruptadjective

    Curt in manner; rude; uncivil; impolite.

  7. abruptadjective

    Having sudden transitions from one subject or state to another; unconnected.

    The party came to an abrupt end when the parents of our host arrived.

  8. abruptadjective

    Suddenly terminating, as if cut off; truncate.

  9. Etymology: * First attested in 1583.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. ABRUPTadjective

    Broken off.

    Etymology: abruptus, Lat.

    Resistless, roaring, dreadful, down it comes
    From the rude mountain, and the mossy wild,
    Tumbling through rocks abrupt. James Thomson, Winter.

    Or spread his airy flight,
    Upborn with indefatigable wings,
    Over the vast abrupt, ere he arrive
    The happy isle. John Milton, Paradise Lost, b. ii. l. 409.

    My lady craves
    To know the cause of your abrupt departure. William Shakespeare, Henry VI.

    The abrupt and unkind breaking off the two first parliaments, was wholly imputed to the duke of Buckingham. Clar.

    Abrupt, with eagle-speed she cut the sky;
    Instant invisible to mortal eye.
    Then first he recogniz’d th’ ethereal guest. Alexander Pope, Odyss. b. i.

    The abrupt stile, which hath many breaches, and doth not seem to end but fall. Ben Jonson, Discovery.


  1. abrupt

    Abrupt refers to something that happens suddenly or unexpectedly, without any warning, or that changes or stops very quickly. It can also refer to a manner of speaking or behaving that is very direct, rude, or unfriendly.

  2. abrupt

    Abrupt refers to something that is sudden, unexpected, or happening without warning. It can also refer to an unusual change in a situation or activity or something that is sharp or severe in degree. It may also signify a manner of conversation or behavior that is rudely brief or blunt.

  3. abrupt

    Abrupt refers to something that happens suddenly or unexpectedly, often involving a significant change or interruption. It can also describe someone who speaks or acts in a very direct, brief, or unfriendly way.

  4. abrupt

    Abrupt typically refers to something that is sudden, unexpected or happening very quickly without warning. It can also refer to changes or transitions that occur without a smooth, gradual progression. Additionally, in terms of mannerisms and behavior, abrupt can describe an individual who is perceived as rudely brief or blunt.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Abruptadjective

    broken off; very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks; precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places

  2. Abruptadjective

    without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious

  3. Abruptadjective

    having sudden transitions from one subject to another; unconnected

  4. Abruptadjective

    suddenly terminating, as if cut off

  5. Abruptnoun

    an abrupt place

  6. Abruptverb

    to tear off or asunder

  7. Etymology: [L. abruptum.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Abrupt

    ab-rupt′, adj. the opposite of gradual, as if broken off: sudden: unexpected: precipitous: (of style) passing from one thought to another without transitions: (of manners) short, rude.—n. an abrupt place.—n. Abrup′tion, a sudden breaking off: violent separation: (Shak.) interruption, pause.—adv. Abrupt′ly.—n. Abrupt′ness. [L. abruptusab, off, rumpĕre, ruptum, to break.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. abrupt

    A word applied to steep, broken, or craggy cliffs and headlands, especially such as are bold-to and precipitous.

Suggested Resources

  1. abrupt

    Song lyrics by abrupt -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by abrupt on the Lyrics.com website.


  1. Abrupt

    suddenly or without gradation.

How to pronounce abrupt?

How to say abrupt in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of abrupt in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of abrupt in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of abrupt in a Sentence

  1. Jennifer Powers:

    Going from a less equatorial altitude to a much more equatorial altitude quickly over a couple days doesn’t allow your body to habituate to the stress and that’s the kind of quick, abrupt shift we associate more with melanoma than with other skin cancer.

  2. Evercore ISI analyst Kevin Rippey:

    For investors, the investigation comes at a time when the stock's bull case is challenged by concerns of an abrupt revenue slowdown last quarter, while precedent suggests that Google enjoys broad discretion over the direction of search results, the questions arising from an investigation will challenge the possibility of multiple expansion.

  3. President Biden:

    We owe it to the American people to provide answers about how their money, whether spent under the Trump administration or Biden administration, was squandered. an abrupt end to the emergency declarations would create wide-ranging chaos and uncertainty throughout the health care system — for states, for hospitals and doctors’ offices, and, most importantly, for tens of millions of Americans.

  4. Chief Executive Officer Alexandre Abreu:

    This time there will be no abrupt increase in credit and, instead, a smoother one.

  5. Nicola Lindson-Hawley:

    Health care workers should offer abrupt quitting first, but if that is not an option, gradual quitting can be a second-line approach, we understand that people might be dead set against quitting abruptly so if the only way they would consider quitting is gradually then the results of this trial suggest it shouldn't be ruled out.

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Translations for abrupt

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • рапто́ўныBelarusian
  • стръмен, безцеремонен, рязък, внезапенBulgarian
  • abrupteCatalan, Valencian
  • uformodet, brat, pludseligDanish
  • einsiblig, schroff, wortkarg, steil, kurz angebunden, jäh, abrupt, abgestumpftGerman
  • αιφνίδιος, απόκρημνος, ασυνεχής, απροσδόκητος, απότομος, ξαφνικός, κοφτόςGreek
  • cortante, brusco, abrupto, súbito, repentinoSpanish
  • töksähtävä, äkkijyrkkä, karkea, keskeyttää, äkillinen, odottamaton, katkaistu, erottaaFinnish
  • abrupt, precipité, brusqueFrench
  • תלולHebrew
  • आकस्मिकHindi
  • tiba-tibaIndonesian
  • brusco, sconnessa, discontinua, sconnesso, discontinuo, bruscaItalian
  • abruptusLatin
  • moteMāori
  • ta' malajr, f'daqqa, ta' mod goffMaltese
  • steil, plots, abrupt, hortend, kortaf, bruusk, afgeknotDutch
  • avkortet, brå, bratt, plutselig, skarpNorwegian
  • interromper, rude, brusco, abscindir, abruptoPortuguese
  • abruptRomanian
  • бесцеремонный, внезапный, крутой, неожиданный, обрывистый, резкийRussian
  • అకస్మాత్తుగాTelugu
  • рапто́вийUkrainian
  • 突兀Chinese

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"abrupt." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 13 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/abrupt>.

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    be contingent upon (something that is elided)
    A attend
    B moan
    C doom
    D depend

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