What does abdication mean?

Definitions for abdication

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word abdication.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. abdication, stepping downnoun

    a formal resignation and renunciation of powers

  2. abdication, stepping downnoun

    the act of abdicating


  1. abdicationnoun

    The act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government, power, authority.

  2. Etymology: * First attested in 1552.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Abdicationnoun

    The act of abdicating; resignation; quitting an office by one’s own proper act before the usual or stated expiration.

    Etymology: abdicatio, Lat.

    Neither doth it appear how a prince’s abdication can make any other sort of vacancy in the throne, than would be caused by his death; since he cannot abdicate for his children, otherwise than by his own consent in form to a bill from the two houses. Jonathan Swift, on the Sentiments of a Church of England man.


  1. Abdication

    Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority. Abdications have played various roles in the succession procedures of monarchies. While some cultures have viewed abdication as an extreme abandonment of duty, in other societies (such as pre-Meiji Restoration Japan), abdication was a regular event and helped maintain stability during political succession. Historically, abdications have occurred both by force (where the regnant was forced to abdicate on pain of death or other severe consequences) and voluntarily. Some rulers are deemed to have abdicated in absentia, vacating the physical throne and thus their position of power, although these judgements were generally pronounced by successors with vested interests in seeing the throne abdicated, and often without or despite the direct input of the abdicating monarch. Recently, due to the largely ceremonial nature of the regnant in many constitutional monarchies, many monarchs have abdicated due to old age, such as the monarchs of Spain, Cambodia, the Netherlands and Japan.


  1. abdication

    Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing authority, power, or title, typically by a monarch or a person in a similar position. It involves stepping down or resigning from the position before the end of the specified term. Abdication is often voluntary but may also be instigated due to political pressure, health issues, personal reasons, or other factors.

  2. abdication

    Abdication is the act of formally and voluntarily giving up or renouncing a position of authority or power, often referring to a monarch or leader stepping down from their throne or position before their term has officially ended. Typically, this is permanent and is done through a formal declaration.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Abdicationnoun

    the act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government, power, authority

  2. Etymology: [L. abdicatio: cf. F. abdication.]


  1. Abdication

    Abdication is the renunciation by a monarch, such as a king or emperor of his or her office.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of abdication in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of abdication in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of abdication in a Sentence

  1. Adam Schiff:

    I think that would be a terrible abdication of our global leadership when it comes to advocating for people who are the subject of persecution.

  2. Mitch McConnell:

    Precipitously withdrawing Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell forces from Afghanistan is a grave mistake. It is a retreat in the face of an enemy that has not yet been vanquished, an abdication of American leadership, leaders in both parties, including me, offered criticism when the prior administration floated a concept of a reckless withdrawal from Syria and Afghanistan. Those same voices in both parties should be equally concerned about the Joe Biden administration's announcement today.

  3. Emily Dickinson:

    The abdication of belief makes the behavior small -- better an ignis fatuus than no illume at all.

  4. Chris Purdy:

    Make no mistake, outsourcing our problem to Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan is the worst possible choice for the administration, not only is it an abdication of our responsibility to allies who risked their lives for American forces, but it also unnecessarily sets up a potential continuing human rights disaster for people who have already endured years of persecution and threats of violence for their service to Robert Menendez.

  5. Mitch McConnell:

    Senate Intelligence Committee is retreat in the faceof an enemy that has not yet been vanquished and an abdication of American leadership.

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"abdication." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 25 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/abdication>.

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