What does Under mean?

Definitions for Under
ˈʌn dərun·der

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word Under.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. nether, underadjective

    located below or beneath something else

    "nether garments"; "the under parts of a machine"

  2. under(a)adverb

    lower in rank, power, or authority

    "an under secretary"

  3. underadverb

    down to defeat, death, or ruin

    "their competitors went under"

  4. underadverb

    through a range downward

    "children six and under will be admitted free"

  5. underadverb

    into unconsciousness

    "this will put the patient under"

  6. underadverb

    in or into a state of subordination or subjugation

    "we must keep our disappointment under"

  7. underadverb

    below some quantity or limit

    "fifty dollars or under"

  8. underadverb

    below the horizon

    "the sun went under"

  9. underadverb

    down below

    "get under quickly!"

  10. under, belowadverb

    further down

    "see under for further discussion"


  1. underadverb

    In a way lower or less than

  2. underadverb

    In a way inferior to

  3. underadjective

    Being lower; being beneath something.

  4. underpreposition

    In a lower level than.

  5. underpreposition

    As a subject of

    He served in World War II under General Omar Bradley.

  6. underpreposition

    Less than

  7. underpreposition

    Below the surface of

  8. Etymology: From under.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Underadverb

    Ye purpose to keep under the children of Judah for bond-men and bond-women. 2 Chron. xxviii. 10.

    He kept the main stock without alteration, under or over. Joseph Addison, Spectator, №. 264.

    I will fight
    Against my canker’d country with the spleen
    Of all the under fiends. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

  2. Underpreposition.

    Etymology: undar, Gothick; under , Saxon; onder, Dutch.

    When good Saturn, banish’d from above,
    Was driven to hell, the world was under Jove, Dryden.

    Every man is put under a necessity, by his constitution, as an intelligent being, to be determined by his own judgment, what is best for him to do; else he would be under the determination of some other than himself, which is want of liberty. John Locke.

    To those that live
    Under thy care, good rules and patterns give. John Denham.

    The princes respected Helim, and made such improvements under him, that they were instructed in learning. Guardian.

    Fruit put in bottles, and the bottles let down into wells under water, will keep long. Francis Bacon, Nat. Hist.

    If it stood always under this form, it would have been under fire, if it had not been under water. Burnet.

    Thy bees lodge under covert of the wind. Dryden.

    Many a good poetick vein is buried under a trade, and never produces any thing for want of improvement. John Locke.

    As they went under sail by him, they held up their hands and made their prayers. Philip Sidney.

    By the fire that burn’d the Carthage queen,
    When the false Trojan under sail was seen. William Shakespeare.

    Misseltoe hath been found to put forth under the boughs, and not only above the boughs; so it cannot be any thing that falleth upon the bough. Francis Bacon, Nat. Hist.

    Be gather’d now, ye waters, under heav’n. John Milton.

    Medicines take effect sometimes under, and sometimes above, the natural proportion of their virtue. Richard Hooker.

    If you write in your strength, you stand revealed at first; and should you write under it, you cannot avoid some peculiar graces. John Dryden, Juvenal. Dedication to.

    We are thrifty enough not to part with any thing serviceable to our bodies, under a good consideration; but make little account of what is most beneficial to our souls. John Ray.

    Man, once fallen, was nothing but a total pollution, and not to be reformed by any thing under a new creation. South.

    These men of forehead love to insure a cause, and seldom talk under certainty and demonstration. Jeremy Collier, on Confidence.

    There are several hundred parishes in England under twenty pounds a year, and many under ten. Jonathan Swift.

    That which spites me more than all the wants,
    He does it under name of perfect love. William Shakespeare.

    ’Tis hard to bind any syllogism so close upon the mind, as not to be evaded under some plausible distinction. Thomas Baker.

    Several young men could never leave the pulpit under half a dozen conceits. Jonathan Swift.

    It was too great an honour for any man under a duke. Joseph Addison, Spectator, №. 122.

    He shall but bear them, as the ass bears gold,
    To groan and sweat under the business. William Shakespeare.

    He holds the people
    Of no more soul, nor fitness for the world,
    Than camels in their war; who have their provender
    Only for bearing burthens, and sore blows
    For sinking under them. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

    After all, they have not been able to give any considerable comfort to the mind, under any of the great pressures of this life. John Tillotson, Sermons.

    At any rate we desire to be rid of the present evil, which we are apt to think nothing absent can equal; because, under the present pain, we find not ourselves capable of any, the least degree of happiness. John Locke.

    Women and childen did not shew the least signs of complaint, under the extremity of torture. Collier.

    Illustrious parent! now some token give,
    That I may Clymene’s proud boast believe,
    Nor longer under false reproaches grieve. Addison.

    The prince and princess must be under no less amazement. Alexander Pope, Letters.

    That which we move for our better instruction’s sake, turneth unto choler in them; they answer fumingly. Yet in this their mood, they cast forth somewhat, wherewith, under pain of greater displeasure, we must rest contented. Richard Hooker.

    The greate part of mankind is slow of apprehension; and therefore, in many cases, under a necessity of seeing with other men’s eyes. Robert South, Sermons.

    A generation sprung up amongst us, that flattered princes that they have a divine right to absolute power, let the laws and conditions under which they enter upon their authority, be what they will. John Locke.

    It is not strange to find a country half unpeopled, where so great a proportion of both sexes is tied under such vows of chastity. Joseph Addison, Remarks on Italy.

    Things of another world are under the disadvantage of being distant, and therefore operate but faintly. Francis Atterbury.

    There is none but he,
    Whose being I do fear; and, under him,
    My genius is rebuk’d, as Antony’s was by Cæsar. William Shakespeare.

    This faction, under the name of Puritan, became very turbulent, during the reign of Elizabeth I . Jonathan Swift.

    The raising of silver coin, has been only by coining it with less silver in it, under the same denomination. John Locke.

    If they can succeed without blood, as under the present disposition of things, it is very possible they may, it is to be hoped they will be satisfied. Jonathan Swift.

    Three sons he dying left under age;
    By means whereof, their uncle Vortigern
    Usurp’d the throne during their pupillage. Fairy Queen.

    Morpheus is represented by the antient statuaries under the figure of a boy asleep, with a bundle of poppy in his hand. Addison.

    Under favour, there are other materials for a commonwealth, besides stark love and kindness. Collier.

    Mr. Duke may be mentioned under the double capacity of a poet and a divine. Henry Felton, on the Classicks.

    Cato major, who had with great reputation borne all the great offices of the commonwealth, has left us an evidence, under his own hand, how much he was versed in country affairs. John Locke, on Education.

    To describe the revolutions of nature, will require a steady eye; especially so to connect the parts, and present them all under one view. Thomas Burnet, Theory of the Earth.

    Memory is the storehouse of our ideas. For the narrow mind of man, not being capable of having many ideas under view at once, it was necessary to have a repository to lay them up. John Locke.

    The thing under proof is not capable of demonstration, and must be submitted to the trial of probabilities. John Locke.

    Distinct conceptions, that answer their verbal distinctions, serve to clear any thing in the subject under consideration. John Locke.

    I rather suspect my own judgment, than believe a fault to be in that poem, which lay so long under Virgil ’s correction, and had his last hand put to it. Addison.

    This is the only safe guard, under the spirit of God, that dictated these sacred writings, that can be relied on. John Locke.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Under

    below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of being covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over; as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole house

  2. Under

    denoting relation to some thing or person that is superior, weighs upon, oppresses, bows down, governs, directs, influences powerfully, or the like, in a relation of subjection, subordination, obligation, liability, or the like; as, to travel under a heavy load; to live under extreme oppression; to have fortitude under the evils of life; to have patience under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave like a Christian under reproaches and injuries; under the pains and penalties of the law; the condition under which one enters upon an office; under the necessity of obeying the laws; under vows of chastity

  3. Under

    denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or degree, in number, size, weight, age, or the like; in a relation of the less to the greater, of inferiority, or of falling short

  4. Under

    denoting relation to something that comprehends or includes, that represents or designates, that furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense, or the like; as, he betrayed him under the guise of friendship; Morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy asleep

  5. Under

    less specifically, denoting the relation of being subject, of undergoing regard, treatment, or the like; as, a bill under discussion

  6. Underadverb

    in a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection; -- used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail

  7. Underadjective

    lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate; -- generally in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer; undersheriff

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Under

    un′dėr, prep. in a lower position than: beneath: below: less than, falling short of: in subjection, subordination, oppression, liability, &c.: during the time of: undergoing: in accordance with: in, in course of.—adv. in a lower degree or condition: in subjection: below: less.—adj. lower in position, rank, or degree: subject: subordinate.—Under arms, in readiness to use arms or weapons; Under fire, exposed to the fire or shot of any enemy; Under one's hand (see Hand); Under one's nose, under one's close observation; Under sail, moved by sails: in motion; Under the breath, with low voice, very softly; Under the lee, to the leeward; Under the rose (see Rose); Under water, below the surface of the water; Under way, moving: having commenced a voyage. [A.S. under; Goth. undar, Ice. undir, Ger. unter, L. inter.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. under

    A preposition of varied military application, in combination with other words. Thus troops are said to be under arms, when assembled in a state of military array, and having the necessary weapons of offense and defense, as rifles, swords, etc. To be under command is being liable to be ordered on any particular duty. To be under cover is to be shielded or protected. To be under contribution is being liable to give, in money or kind, what may be authoritatively called for. Countries are sometimes put under contribution for the support of an army. To be under fire or be cool is not being disconcerted by the apprehension of death in battle. To be under sentence is the liability to punishment, according to sentence passed; as, under the sentence of a general court-martial; under sentence of death.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'Under' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #140

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'Under' in Written Corpus Frequency: #392

  3. Adverbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'Under' in Adverbs Frequency: #161

Anagrams for Under »

  1. nuder

  2. runed

  3. unred

How to pronounce Under?

How to say Under in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Under in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Under in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of Under in a Sentence

  1. Daniel Morris:

    This sector ... doesn't scream out to me as one that's particularly attractive, it's still under a lot of pressure.

  2. Jason Chaffetz:

    Those restrictions are unacceptable. Under such restrictions, the committee cannot perform its essential duties to evaluate and propose much-needed legislative reforms for this troubled agency.

  3. Adamu Ahmad:

    After exhausting his ?ammunition he detonated the explosives concealed under his kaftan, killing himself. But no one from the crowd was affected because they were some distance away, we had just started a class when we heard gunshots coming from the direction of the gates and we instantly realized we were under attack, which made us to rush out of the class.

  4. Fadi Ahmad:

    The regime and militias are trying to storm (the hill) under very fierce Russian air cover and artillery fire.

  5. Lori Tremmel Freeman:

    The sad reality is that we have a solution that adequately protects adolescents over sixteen years old. We have the Pfizer vaccine approved for that age group. So, we really shouldn't be seeing high case rates in that age group if we're successful with vaccinating late teens who are eligible, i am more worried about what we'll see in the next three weeks if trending follows to younger ages under 16. Without a vaccine solution yet for younger children, we're going to see more of what we're starting to hear now -- schools having to make decisions about pausing in-person learning for a week or so.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for Under

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    a person who fells trees
    • A. peccadillo
    • B. dint
    • C. lumberman
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