turkey, Meleagris gallopavo(noun)
large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tail; widely domesticated for food
Turkey, Republic of Turkey(noun)
a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923
a person who does something thoughtless or annoying
"some joker is blocking the driveway"
flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted
turkey, bomb, dud(noun)
an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual
"the first experiment was a real turkey"; "the meeting was a dud as far as new business was concerned"
Either of two species of bird in the genus Meleagris with fan-shaped tails and wattled necks.
That film was a turkey.
A foolish or inept person.
The turkey cut in front of me and then berated me for running into him.
The act of throwing three strikes in a row.
Country at the intersection of Europe and Asia on the Mediterranean. Official name: Republic of Turkey.
Origin: From Turquie, Turquia, from Turcus, from Τοῦρκος, from and ترك, from an Old Turkic autonym, Türk or Türük.
an empire in the southeast of Europe and southwest of Asia
any large American gallinaceous bird belonging to the genus Meleagris, especially the North American wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), and the domestic turkey, which was probably derived from the Mexican wild turkey, but had been domesticated by the Indians long before the discovery of America
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country, located mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia and on East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance. The country's official language is Turkish, a Turkic language, which is spoken by approximately 85% of the population as mother tongue. The most numerous ethnic group is the Turks, who constitute between 70% and 75% of the population according to The World Factbook. Kurds are the largest ethnic minority and, according to the same source, number around 18% of the population while other ethnic minorities are estimated to be at 7–12%. The vast majority of the population is Muslim.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
turk′i, n. a large gallinaceous bird, a native of America—not Turkey.—ns. Turk′ey-buzz′ard, a vulture found largely in North and South America; Turk′ey-cock, the male of the turkey: a foolishly proud person.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
or the Ottoman Empire, a great Mohammedan State embracing wide areas in Eastern Europe and Western Asia, besides the province of Tripoli in North Africa, and the tributary States Bulgaria and Eastern Roumelia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (under Austria), Cyprus (under Britain), Samos and Egypt (practically controlled by Britain). European Turkey (4,786), which during the last 200 years has been gradually losing territory, now comprises a narrow strip of land between the Adriatic (W.) and the Black Sea (E.), about twice the size of England; is traversed by the Dinaric Alps and Pindus Mountains, which strike southwards into Greece, while offshoots from the Balkans (q. v.) diversify the E.; climate is very variable, and is marked by high winds and extremes of cold and heat; the soil is remarkably fertile and well adapted for the cultivation of cereals, but agricultural enterprise is hampered by excessive taxation; there is abundance of the useful metals; is the only non-Christian State in Europe. Asiatic Turkey (16,000) is bounded N. by the Black Sea, S. by the Arabian Desert and the Mediterranean, E. by Persia and Transcaucasia, and W. by the Archipelago; has an area more than ten times that of Turkey in Europe, is still more mountainous, being traversed by the Taurus, Anti-Taurus, and the Lebanon ranges; is ill watered, and even the valleys of the Euphrates, Tigris, and Jordan are subject to great drought in the summer; embraces Asia Minor (q. v.), Syria (q. v.), Palestine (q. v.), and the coast strips of Arabia along the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf; chief exports are fruits, silk, cotton, wool, opium, &c. The population of the Ottoman Empire is of a most heterogeneous character, embracing Turks, Greeks, Slavs, Albanians, Armenians, Syrians, Arabs, Tartars, &c. The government is a pure despotism, and the Sultan is regarded as the Caliph or head of Islam; military service is compulsory, and the army on a war footing numbers not less than 750,000, but the navy is small; since 1847 there has been considerable improvement in education; the finances have long been mismanaged, and an annual deficit of two millions sterling is now a usual feature of the national budget; the foreign debt is upwards of 160 millions. From the 17th century onwards the once wide empire of the Turks has been gradually dwindling away. The Turks are essentially a warlike race, and commerce and art have not flourished with them. Their literature is generally lacking in virility, and is mostly imitative and devoid of national character.
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
Or the Ottoman empire, called by the Turks Osmanli Vilayeti, includes large portions of the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa, and consists of Turkey Proper, which is under the direct rule of the sultan, and of numerous dependent and tributary states, governed by their own princes. The existing Turkish empire dates only from the end of the 13th century, when it was founded by Osman, or Othman, a Turk of noble family, who had been driven westward from Khorasan by the invasion of Genghis Khan. Osman first invaded the Greek territory of Nicomedia on July 27, 1299; but the true era of the empire may be dated from the conquest of the city of Prusa, the capital of Bithynia, which surrendered to his son Orchan in 1326. Murad I. (Amurath) subdued, without resistance, the whole of Thrace from the Hellespont to Mount Hæmus, and made Adrianople the seat of vice-royalty. Murad was succeeded by his son Bajazet (Byazid), whose reign forms one of the most splendid epochs in the Turkish annals. His armies were victorious in every country that he undertook to conquer, until at last he encountered the famous Mogul chief, Tamerlane, who defeated the Turkish army and took Bajazet captive. After the death of Tamerlane, Solyman, the son of Bajazet, obtained the European dominions of his father and eventually assumed the title of sultan. At his death in 1421 he bequeathed an undivided empire to his successor, Amurath II., in whose reign the Turkish empire rose in splendor and opulence. He enlarged the empire by conquests, and was succeeded in 1451 by Mohammed II., the conqueror of Constantinople. Mohammed laid siege to Belgrade, three years after the taking of Constantinople, from which, after an obstinate resistance, he was at length repulsed with the loss of his large ordnance and 40,000 of his best troops. Abandoning his attempts upon Hungary, the sultan undertook an expedition into Greece, and about 1460 succeeded in subduing the whole of the Morea. Mohammed continued to overrun Europe with his victorious armies, until death stopped his triumphant career in 1481. A series of domestic broils continued to take place until Selim ascended the throne in 1512. He was a successful prince, and during his short reign conquered Egypt, Aleppo, Antioch, Tripoli, Damascus, and Gaza, and defeated the Persians. On the death of Selim, Solyman the Magnificent ascended the Ottoman throne, and like several of the preceding monarchs he continued to humiliate his enemies and add new territory to his dominions. His dominions extended from Algiers to the river Euphrates, and from the farther end of the Black Sea to the extremity of Greece and Epirus. The latter years of his reign were embittered by domestic dissensions and cruelties. He died while besieging Sigeth, a city of Hungary, in 1566. His son and successor, Selim II., besieged and took Cyprus; but in the famous sea-fight at Lepanto, in 1571, the Turkish fleet was utterly destroyed by Don John of Austria. Selim afterwards invested and took Tunis by storm. On his death Amurath III. ascended the throne, and extended his dominions. His son, Mohammed III., ascended the throne in 1595, but he was involved in a series of wars which proved disastrous to the Turkish arms, and the country continued to decline, although each successive monarch continued to wage war with the neighboring provinces, which nearly always ended disastrously to the Turkish arms; the country was also torn asunder by internal strife. The downward course of Turkey was for a time stayed by Mustapha II., who succeeded to the throne in 1695; he commanded his troops in person, and passed the Danube at the head of 50,000 men, carried Lippa by assault, and closed a campaign against the Austrians with success. But two years afterwards he was defeated by Prince Eugène, in the bloody battle of Zenta, where the Turks left 20,000 dead on the field, and 10,000 were drowned in their attempt to escape. Shortly after this disaster Mustapha was dethroned. During the reign of Mustapha III., in 1769, a destructive war broke out with Russia which lasted till 1774, when the Turks were compelled to make the dishonorable treaty of Kainargi. Another disastrous war broke out between Russia and Turkey in the autumn of 1787, in which Austria took sides with the former. This war, which was concluded in 1792, was a series of terrible conflicts, in which much desperate valor was displayed on the one side, and many brave actions were performed on the other; but in which Turkey lost much territory. Turkey was drawn into the French revolutionary war by the invasion of Egypt by the French, and in 1807 she was convulsed by a sanguinary insurrection, which cost Selim his throne, and raised Mahmoud to it. During the event of this insurrection, a war which had been going on with Russia had languished; but on the accession of Mahmoud, the armies on both sides were augmented, and the contest was carried on with great ferocity. The campaign of 1811 was short, bu
A type of large bird created and bred in various species.
Turkeys are loved by many, some people breed them as pets.Submitted by MaryC on November 30, 2016
Etymology and Origins
From “Turkia,” the Celtic suffix expressing the country of the Turks. The bird of this name was long thought to be a native of Turkey; it was, however, introduced to Europe from North America early in the sixteenth century.
The numerical value of Turkey in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of Turkey in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
Examples of Turkey in a Sentence
Thanksgiving is all about turkey.
The EU is not dependent on Turkey.
Turkey could do more, I have no doubt.
I need him like the axe needs the turkey
When Turkey came to help, we stayed here.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for Turkey
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- ديك الحبش, ديك رومي, ديك هنديArabic
- дзі́кая інды́чкаBelarusian
- пуйка, провал, глупа́кBulgarian
- kilhog-Indez, yar-IndezBreton
- gall dindi, indiot, polla d'índiaCatalan, Valencian
- krocan, krůtaCzech
- kalkun, fjolsDanish
- Puter, Pute, Truthahn, TruthenneGerman
- γαλοπούλα, διάνοςGreek
- totol, chompipe, fracaso, guajolote, fiasco, guanajo, pendejo, pisco, pavoSpanish
- indioilo, indioilarBasque
- hölmö, idiootti, typerys, kalkkunaFinnish
- kalkunur, kalkunFaroese
- flop, dinde, daube, dindon, navetFrench
- kalkoenWestern Frisian
- turcaí, amadán, óinseachIrish
- coileach-Frangach, cearc-Fhrangach, eun-FrangachScottish Gaelic
- תרנגול הודו, הודוHebrew
- ayam belanda, kalkun, TurkiIndonesian
- toro toroIgbo
- カラクン, カラクン鳥, 七面鳥, ターキーJapanese
- qingalissuaqKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- 칠면조, 七面鳥Korean
- بووقهلهموون, قهلKurdish
- SchnuddelhongLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- sjroetLimburgish, Limburgan, Limburger
- kvailys, kalakutasLithuanian
- korukoru, pīpipiMāori
- мисирка, мисирMacedonian
- цацагт хяргуулMongolian
- ayam belanda, kalkunMalay
- kalkunNorwegian Nynorsk
- tązhiiNavajo, Navaho
- indyk, indyczkaPolish
- peru, bobo, tolo, burroPortuguese
- curcan, curcăRomanian
- инде́йка, глупе́ц, индю́шка, дура́к, ту́рка, индю́к, фиа́ско, прова́лRussian
- caboni de ěndias, pudda d'ěndia, dinduSardinian
- ćurka, пуран, ćuran, ћурка, puran, ћуранSerbo-Croatian
- moriak, morka, blázonSlovak
- puran, puraSlovene
- gjeli i detitAlbanian
- bata mzingaSwahili
- టర్కీ కోడిTelugu
- інди́к, інди́чкаUkrainian
- gà tâyVietnamese
- hidindun, jidindun, dindunVolapük
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