What does Punjab mean?

Definitions for Punjab
pʌnˈdʒɑb, ˈpʌn dʒɑbpun·jab

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Punjab.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Punjabnoun

    a historical region on northwestern India and northern Pakistan


  1. Punjabnoun

    State in northern India which has Chandigarh as its capital.

  2. Punjabnoun

    Province in Pakistan which has Lahore as its capital.


  1. Punjab

    Punjab ( (listen); Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi); ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurmukhi); pronounced [pənˈdʒɑːb]; also romanised as Panjāb or Panj-Āb) is a geopolitical, cultural, and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northwestern India. The city of Lahore is the region's largest historical and cultural centre. The other major cities include Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Multan, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Sialkot, Chandigarh, Jalandhar, and Bahawalpur. Punjab grew out of the settlements along the five rivers, which served as an important route to the Near East as early as the ancient Indus Valley civilization, dating back to 3000 BCE, and had numerous migrations by the Indo-Aryan peoples. Agriculture has been the major economic feature of the Punjab and has therefore formed the foundation of Punjabi culture, with one's social status being determined by land ownership. The Punjab emerged as an important agricultural region, especially following the Green Revolution during the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s, and has been described as the "breadbasket of both India and Pakistan."Besides being known for agriculture and trade, the Punjab is also accredited for the establishment of many dynasties and empires for example the Hindu Shahis, who are accredited for the defeat of the Saffarid dynasty and the Samanid Empire. The Sikh Empire with the defeat of the Kashmiris and the Durrani Empire. The Mauryan empire conquering South asia after Chandragupta allies with the Punjab republics to form the majority and core of his army and leadership. The Tomara dynasty and Katoch Dynasty who controlled the eastern Punjab region and resisted multiple invasion attempts from external forces such as the Ghaznavids and Ghorids. The Vardhana empire who defeated the Alchon Huns and conquered North India. Its also accreddited for being responsible for two of the five dynasties of the Delhi sultanate, the Tughlaq and Sayyid empires. The legendary Eastern Punjab republics during Ancient Punjab (Yaudheya, Trigarta, Arjunayanas, Audumbaras) are also accredited for the establishment of the Mauryan empire and the defeat of many foreign forces that entered Punjab, for example the Indo-Greek Kingdom and the Kushan Empire.The boundaries of the region are ill-defined and focus on historical accounts and thus the geographical definition of the term "Punjab" has changed over time. In the 16th century Mughal Empire the Punjab was split into the Lahore Subah which consisted of Punjab up to Jallandhar with jammu in its boundaries and the Delhi subah which comprised the area east of Jallandhar up to western UP(visit: Subah). In British India, until the Partition of India in 1947, the Punjab Province encompassed the present-day Indian states and union territories of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, and Delhi, and the Pakistani regions of Punjab, and Islamabad Capital Territory. It bordered the Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa regions to the west, Kashmir to the north, the Hindi Belt to the east, and Rajasthan and Sindh to the south. The predominant ethnolinguistic group of the Punjab region are the Punjabi people, who speak the Indo-Aryan Punjabi language. Punjabi Muslims are the majority in West Punjab (Pakistan), while Punjabi Sikhs are the majority in East Punjab (India). Other religious groups are Christianity, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, and Ravidassia.


  1. punjab

    Punjab is a geographical region and state divided between the countries of India and Pakistan. Punjab is well known for its rich history, culture, and fertile farmland. The term "Punjab" translates to the "Land of Five Rivers", referring to the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers that flow through the area. The state of Punjab in India is one of the most prosperous and highly industrialized regions in the country.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Punjab

    "five rivers," a province in the extreme NW. of India, watered by the Indus and its four tributaries, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravee, and Sutlej; its frontiers touch Afghanistan and Cashmir. Mountain ranges traverse the N., W., and S; little rain falls; the plains are dry and hot in summer. There is little timber, cow-dung is common fuel; the soil is barren, but under irrigation there are fertile stretches; wheat, indigo, sugar, cotton, tobacco, opium, and tea are largely grown; cotton, silk, lace, iron, and leather are manufactured; indigo, grain, cotton, and manufactured products are exported in exchange for raw material, dyes, horses, and timber. The population is mixed, Sikhs, Jats, and Rajputs predominate; more than a half are Mohammedan, and more than a third Hindu. Lahore is the capital, but Delhi and Amritsar are larger towns. Several railways run through the province. The natives remained loyal throughout the Mutiny of 1857-58, Sikhs and Pathans joining the British troops before Delhi.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. punjab

    An extensive river of Hindostan, situated chiefly in the province of Lahore, but including Moultan, and comprising the country traversed by the “five great waters,” or rivers, of which the Indus is the most westerly, and the Sutlej the most easterly. This region was traversed by Alexander the Great in 327 B.C.; and again by Tamerlane in 1398. The wars with the Sikhs began here on March 29, 1849, when the Punjab was annexed to the British possessions in India.

Etymology and Origins

  1. Punjab

    Expresses the Persian for “five rivers.”

Matched Categories

How to pronounce Punjab?

How to say Punjab in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Punjab in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Punjab in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of Punjab in a Sentence

  1. Alessio Fasano:

    Now you know, whenever you look for it, you find it, provided there are genes and environmental triggers, we have a major problem of celiac disease in India for example now, particularly in the northern region of the Punjab.

  2. Jaffar Khan Mandokhel:

    The change is meant to give maximum benefit to Punjab, which is already considered the privileged province.

  3. Shaukat Javed:

    Punjab government has not issued any kind of instructions to police for a crackdown against PML-N activists.

  4. Imran Khan:

    Punjab Government has also beefed up the security around the judge's residence.

  5. Maulana Fazl:

    Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif heard our reservations against the Punjab Protection of Women Against Violence Act 2016. He promised to amend the law so that it doesn’t contravene the teachings of the holy Koran.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for Punjab

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for Punjab »


Find a translation for the Punjab definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"Punjab." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 23 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Punjab>.

Discuss these Punjab definitions with the community:


    Are we missing a good definition for Punjab? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Image or illustration of


    Credit »

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Browse Definitions.net


    Are you a words master?

    fortitude and determination
    A guts
    B scrutiny
    C plantation
    D mediocrity

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for Punjab: