What does Prussian mean?

Definitions for Prussian
ˈprʌʃ ənprus·sian

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Prussian.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Prussianadjective

    a German inhabitant of Prussia

  2. Prussianadjective

    of or relating to or characteristic of Prussia or its inhabitants

    "Prussian officers"; "Prussian aristocracy"


  1. Prussiannoun

    A person from the geographic region of Prussia.

  2. Prussiannoun

    A citizen of the German state of Prussia.

  3. Prussiannoun

    A person descended ethnically from the Baltic people of Prussia.

  4. Prussiannoun

    A person descended ethnically from the Germans who later settled in Prussia.

    The Junkers were the stereotypical Prussians.

  5. Prussianadjective

    Of, from, or pertaining to Prussia.

  6. Prussiannoun

    The Prussian language; see Old Prussian and New Prussian.


  1. Prussian

    Prussia, known in German as Preußen, was one of, if not the, most prominent German states of its time, located on the southeast coast of the Baltic Sea. It formed the German Empire when it united the German states in 1871. It was de facto dissolved by an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government to German Chancellor Franz von Papen in 1932 and de jure by an Allied decree in 1947. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, expanding its size with the Prussian Army. Prussia, with its capital at Königsberg and then, when it became the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701, Berlin, decisively shaped the history of Germany. In 1871, Prussian Minister-President Otto von Bismarck united most German principalities into the German Empire under his leadership, although this was considered to be a "Lesser Germany" because Austria and Switzerland were not included. In November 1918, the monarchies were abolished and the nobility lost its political power during the German Revolution of 1918–19. The Kingdom of Prussia was thus abolished in favour of a republic—the Free State of Prussia, a state of Germany from 1918 until 1933. From 1932, Prussia lost its independence as a result of the Prussian coup and the Nazi Gleichschaltung laws, which established a unitary state. Its legal status finally ended in 1947.The name Prussia derives from the Old Prussians; in the 13th century, the Teutonic Knights—an organized Catholic medieval military order of German crusaders—conquered the lands inhabited by them. In 1308, the Teutonic Knights conquered the region of Pomerelia with Danzig (modern-day Gdańsk). Their monastic state was mostly Germanised through immigration from central and western Germany, and, in the south, it was Polonised by settlers from Masovia. The imposed Second Peace of Thorn (1466) split Prussia into the western Royal Prussia, becoming a province of Poland, and the eastern part, from 1525 called the Duchy of Prussia, a feudal fief of the Crown of Poland up to 1657. The union of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia in 1618 led to the proclamation of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701. Prussia entered the ranks of the great powers shortly after becoming a kingdom. It became increasingly large and powerful in the 18th and 19th centuries. It had a major voice in European affairs under the reign of Frederick the Great (1740–1786). At the Congress of Vienna (1814–15), which redrew the map of Europe following Napoleon's defeat, Prussia acquired rich new territories, including the coal-rich Ruhr. The country then grew rapidly in influence economically and politically, and became the core of the North German Confederation in 1867, and then of the German Empire in 1871. The Kingdom of Prussia was now so large and so dominant in the new Germany that Junkers and other Prussian élites identified more and more as Germans and less as Prussians. The Kingdom ended in 1918 along with other German monarchies that were terminated by the German Revolution. In the Weimar Republic, the Free State of Prussia lost nearly all of its legal and political importance following the 1932 coup led by Franz von Papen. Subsequently, it was effectively dismantled into Nazi German Gaue in 1935. Nevertheless, some Prussian ministries were kept and Hermann Göring remained in his role as Minister President of Prussia until the end of World War II. Former eastern territories of Germany that made up a significant part of Prussia lost the majority of their German population after 1945 as the Polish People's Republic and the Soviet Union both absorbed these territories and had most of its German inhabitants expelled by 1950. Prussia, deemed "a bearer of militarism and reaction" by the Allies, was officially abolished by an Allied declaration in 1947. The international status of the former eastern territories of the Kingdom of Prussia was disputed until the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany in 1990, but its return to Germany remains a cause among far-right politicians, the Federation of Expellees and various political revanchists and irredentists. The terms "Prussian" and "Prussianism" have often been used, especially outside Germany, to denote the militarism, military professionalism, aggressiveness, and conservatism of the Junker class of landed aristocrats in the East who dominated first Prussia and then the German Empire.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Prussianadjective

    of or pertaining to Prussia

  2. Prussiannoun

    a native or inhabitant of Prussia

  3. Etymology: [From Prussia, the country: cf. F. prussien.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Prussian

    prush′an, adj. of or pertaining to Prussia.—n. an inhabitant of Prussia.—v.t. Pruss′ianise.—n. Pruss′iate, a salt of prussic acid: a cyanide.—adj. Pruss′ic, pertaining to Prussian blue.—Prussian blue, cyanide of potassium and iron; Prussic acid, a deadly poison, an acid first obtained from Prussian blue—also Hydrocyanic acid.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Prussian in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Prussian in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

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"Prussian." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 24 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Prussian>.

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