What does Mishna mean?

Definitions for Mishna

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Mishna.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Mishna, Mishnahnoun

    the first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200


  1. Mishnanoun

    The oldest part of the Talmud, rabbinical writings collected by Rabbi Judah the Holy and published in 250 in Javneh (Jamnia, in Israel).

    'The Mishna is believed by Jews to have been handed down orally from the patriarch-prophet Moses, who received it on Mount Sinai with the written Torah.

  2. Etymology: From משנה, from שנה


  1. Mishna

    The Mishnah or the Mishna (; Hebrew: מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition", from the verb shanah שנה‎, or "to study and review", also "secondary") is the first major written collection of the Jewish oral traditions that are known as the Oral Torah. It is also the first major work of rabbinic literature. The Mishnah was redacted by Judah ha-Nasi probably in Beit Shearim or Sepphoris at the beginning of the 3rd century CE in a time when, according to the Talmud, the persecution of the Jews and the passage of time raised the possibility that the details of the oral traditions of the Pharisees from the Second Temple period (516 BCE – 70 CE) would be forgotten. Most of the Mishnah is written in Mishnaic Hebrew, but some parts are in Aramaic. The Mishnah consists of six orders (sedarim, singular seder סדר), each containing 7–12 tractates (masechtot, singular masechet מסכת; lit. "web"), 63 in total, and further subdivided into chapters and paragraphs. The word Mishnah can also indicate a single paragraph of the work, i.e. the smallest unit of structure in the Mishnah. For this reason the whole work is sometimes referred to in the plural form, Mishnayot.


  1. mishna

    The Mishna is a major work of Jewish law, serving as the cornerstone of the Talmud, and dates back to the second century C.E. It contains the oral traditions, teachings, and interpretations of Jewish laws by ancient rabbinical scholars, often outlining case scenarios to illustrate principles. It is divided into six orders, covering various aspects of Jewish law and tradition, such as agriculture, festivals, marriage, civil law, ritual purity, and sacrifices.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Mishnanoun

    a collection or digest of Jewish traditions and explanations of Scripture, forming the text of the Talmud

  2. Etymology: [NHeb. mishnh, i. e., repetition, doubling, explanation (of the divine law), fr. Heb. shnh to change, to repeat.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Mishna

    the oral law of the Jews, which is divided into six parts, and constitutes the text of the Talmud, of which the Gemara is the commentary.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Mishna in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Mishna in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

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