What does Medieval mean?
Definitions for Medieval
ˌmi diˈi vəl, ˌmɛd i-, ˌmɪd i-, mɪdˈi vəlme·dieval
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Medieval.
relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages
"Medieval scholars"; "Medieval times"
medieval, mediaeval, gothicadjective
as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened
"a medieval attitude toward dating"
chivalric, knightly, medievaladjective
characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages
"chivalric rites"; "the knightly years"
Someone living in the Middle Ages.
A medieval one.
of or relating to the Middle Ages, perhaps circa 500 to circa 1500 .
having characteristics associated with the Middle Ages.
Etymology: medium aevum
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period (also spelled mediæval or mediaeval) lasted approximately from the late 5th to the late 15th centuries, similar to the post-classical period of global history. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, the collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in late antiquity, continued into the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East – most recently part of the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire – came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with classical antiquity was not complete. The still-sizeable Byzantine Empire, Rome's direct continuation, survived in the Eastern Mediterranean and remained a major power. Secular law was advanced greatly by the Code of Justinian. In the West, most kingdoms incorporated extant Roman institutions, while new bishoprics and monasteries were founded as Christianity expanded in Europe. The Franks, under the Carolingian dynasty, briefly established the Carolingian Empire during the later 8th and early 9th centuries. It covered much of Western Europe but later succumbed to the pressures of internal civil wars combined with external invasions: Vikings from the north, Magyars from the east, and Saracens from the south. During the High Middle Ages, which began after 1000, the population of Europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the Medieval Warm Period climate change allowed crop yields to increase. Manorialism, the organisation of peasants into villages that owed rent and labour services to the nobles, and feudalism, the political structure whereby knights and lower-status nobles owed military service to their overlords in return for the right to rent from lands and manors, were two of the ways society was organised in the High Middle Ages. This period also saw the formal division of the Catholic and Orthodox churches, with the East–West Schism of 1054. The Crusades, which began in 1095, were military attempts by Western European Christians to regain control of the Holy Land from Muslims, and also contributed to the expansion of Latin Christendom in the Baltic region and the Iberian Peninsula. Kings became the heads of centralised nation states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified Christendom more distant. In the West, intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy that emphasised joining faith to reason, and by the founding of universities. The theology of Thomas Aquinas, the paintings of Giotto, the poetry of Dante and Chaucer, the travels of Marco Polo, and the Gothic architecture of cathedrals such as Chartres mark the end of this period. The Late Middle Ages was marked by difficulties and calamities including famine, plague, and war, which significantly diminished the population of Europe; between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death killed about a third of Europeans. Controversy, heresy, and the Western Schism within the Catholic Church paralleled the interstate conflict, civil strife, and peasant revolts that occurred in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.
alt. of Medievalist
Medieval is heavy metal group Tierra Santa´s 1997 debut album, and is mainly inspired by mediaeval stories.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
Mediæval, mē-di-ē′val, adj. relating to the Middle Ages.—ns. Mediē′valism, the spirit of the Middle Ages, devotion to medieval ideals; Mediē′valist, Mediæ′valist, one versed in the history of the Middle Ages.—Medieval architecture, Medieval art, the style of architecture and art used in public buildings in Europe from the 4th to the 16th century. [L. medius, middle, ævum, age.]
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'Medieval' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3785
Rank popularity for the word 'Medieval' in Adjectives Frequency: #506
The numerical value of Medieval in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of Medieval in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
Examples of Medieval in a Sentence
Grimaldi explained. The X-ray revealed several figures, including the outline of what could be one of the three wise men. Also visible is the outline of a baby in a manger with a halo around its head. MASSIVE, 2,034-FOOT ASTEROID WILL ZOOM PAST EARTH JUST AFTER CHRISTMAS X-rays of a medieval painting revealed a Nativity scene that was painted over centuries ago. (Northumbria University and The Bowes Museum) It was common practice to apply gold leaf to these type[s] of religious paintings and in the x-ray, we can see that gold is present in the halo around the babys head.
He’s 5-foot-10, for early medieval society that’s pretty tall.
Boycott Dolce Gabbana for what? They don't think like you? This is correct? This is not correct. We are in 2015. This is like medieval. It's not correct.
We stand behind the Bud Light transparency campaign and have no plans to change the advertising. Brendan Whitworth, chief of U.S. sales for parent company Anheuser-Busch, said roughly 40 percent of consumers want some kind of additional transparency on products they consume, which is a key data point for the company. The epic joust is far from over. MillerCoors just unleashed a fresh assault of its own. We launched new ads from Miller Lite that are light hearted way to poke fun at the fact that Bud Light is living in fantasy world and in real world, more taste is what matters, says Adam Collins, vice president of communications for MillerCoors. The ads consist of medieval scenes with actors portraying thefamous Bud Light knightandprisoners, walking off the commercial set to crack open a Miller Lite. Beer book author and Denver Business Journal Reporter Ed Sealover, said beer sales have been suffering. At this point, when you continue to lose sales, you need to peck at your competition because youre not taking those sales away from craft breweries right now, he said. Youre going to have to take it away from people who compete in the same market as you.
They offer a rare glimpse into the informal or private world of medieval monks, personally, I love the thumbprint, which was left by a careless scribe who spilled ink on his work. It seems so fresh and human, yet it happened 700 years ago.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for Medieval
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- medievalCatalan, Valencian
- middeleeuwer, middeleeuws, mediëvaalDutch
Get even more translations for Medieval »
Find a translation for the Medieval definition in other languages:
Select another language:
- - Select -
- 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
- 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
- Español (Spanish)
- Esperanto (Esperanto)
- 日本語 (Japanese)
- Português (Portuguese)
- Deutsch (German)
- العربية (Arabic)
- Français (French)
- Русский (Russian)
- ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
- 한국어 (Korean)
- עברית (Hebrew)
- Gaeilge (Irish)
- Українська (Ukrainian)
- اردو (Urdu)
- Magyar (Hungarian)
- मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
- Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Italiano (Italian)
- தமிழ் (Tamil)
- Türkçe (Turkish)
- తెలుగు (Telugu)
- ภาษาไทย (Thai)
- Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
- Čeština (Czech)
- Polski (Polish)
- Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Românește (Romanian)
- Nederlands (Dutch)
- Ελληνικά (Greek)
- Latinum (Latin)
- Svenska (Swedish)
- Dansk (Danish)
- Suomi (Finnish)
- فارسی (Persian)
- ייִדיש (Yiddish)
- հայերեն (Armenian)
- Norsk (Norwegian)
- English (English)
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"Medieval." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 28 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Medieval>.
Discuss these Medieval definitions with the community:
We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.
If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly.
You need to be logged in to favorite.