What does Jupiter mean?

Definitions for Jupiter
ˈdʒu pɪ tərJupiter

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word Jupiter.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Jupiternoun

    the largest planet and the 5th from the sun; has many satellites and is one of the brightest objects in the night sky

  2. Jupiter, Jovenoun

    (Roman mythology) supreme god of Romans; counterpart of Greek Zeus

GCIDE

  1. Jupiternoun

    (Astron.) One of the planets, being the fifth from the sun, the brightest except Venus, and the largest of them all, its mean radius being about 43,345 miles (69,758 kilometers), almost exactly one-tenth that of the sun. It revolves about the sun in 4,332.6 days, at a mean distance of 5.2025 from the sun (778,140,000 km), the earth's mean distance (the astronomical unit) being taken as unity. It has a mass of 1.901 x 1027 kg, about one-thousandth that of the sun, and more than the remainder of the planets combined. It has an average solar day equal to 9.842 earth hours. The rapid revolution causes a noticeable flattening at the poles; the diameter at the equator is 71,370 km, and at the poles 66,644 km. HCP61

    Etymology: [L., fr. Jovis pater. See Jove.]

Wiktionary

  1. Jupiternoun

    The fifth and by far the largest planet in the Solar System, a gas giant, represented by the symbol u2643 in astronomy. Jupiter is known for its Great Red Spot and many moons including the Galilean moons.

    Etymology: From Latin Iuppiter, literally ‘father Jove’, originally a vocative cognate with Greek Ζεῦ πάτερ (Zeu pater) ‘o father Zeus’.

  2. Jupiternoun

    The King of the Gods, also called Jove. Equivalent to the Greek Zeus, Jupiter was one of the children of Saturn.

    Etymology: From Latin Iuppiter, literally ‘father Jove’, originally a vocative cognate with Greek Ζεῦ πάτερ (Zeu pater) ‘o father Zeus’.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Jupiternoun

    the supreme deity, king of gods and men, and reputed to be the son of Saturn and Rhea; Jove. He corresponds to the Greek Zeus

    Etymology: [L., fr. Jovis pater. See Jove.]

  2. Jupiternoun

    one of the planets, being the brightest except Venus, and the largest of them all, its mean diameter being about 85,000 miles. It revolves about the sun in 4,332.6 days, at a mean distance of 5.2028 from the sun, the earth's mean distance being taken as unity

    Etymology: [L., fr. Jovis pater. See Jove.]

Freebase

  1. Jupiter

    Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System. It is a gas giant with mass one-thousandth that of the Sun but is two and a half times the mass of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Jupiter is classified as a gas giant along with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Together, these four planets are sometimes referred to as the Jovian or outer planets. The planet was known by astronomers of ancient times, and was associated with the mythology and religious beliefs of many cultures. The Romans named the planet after the Roman god Jupiter. When viewed from Earth, Jupiter can reach an apparent magnitude of −2.94, bright enough to cast shadows, and making it on average the third-brightest object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus. Jupiter is primarily composed of hydrogen with a quarter of its mass being helium, although helium only comprises about a tenth of the number of molecules. It may also have a rocky core of heavier elements, but like the other gas giants, Jupiter lacks a well-defined solid surface. Because of its rapid rotation, the planet's shape is that of an oblate spheroid. The outer atmosphere is visibly segregated into several bands at different latitudes, resulting in turbulence and storms along their interacting boundaries. A prominent result is the Great Red Spot, a giant storm that is known to have existed since at least the 17th century when it was first seen by telescope. Surrounding Jupiter is a faint planetary ring system and a powerful magnetosphere. There are also at least 67 moons, including the four large moons called the Galilean moons that were first discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Ganymede, the largest of these moons, has a diameter greater than that of the planet Mercury.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Jupiter

    jōō′pi-tėr, n. the chief god among the Romans, the parallel of the Greek Zeus—also Jove: the largest and, next to Venus, the brightest of the planets.—Jupiter's beard, the house-leek. [L., Gr. Zeus patēr, Sans. Dyaus pitar, lit. 'Jove (Zeus) father.']

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Jupiter

    . See Zeus.

  2. Jupiter

    one of the exterior planets of the solar system, and the largest; revolves in an orbit outside that of the asteroids, at a mean distance from the sun of 480 millions of miles, completing its revolution round the sun in 4338 days, and taking 10 hours to revolve on its own axis; it is surrounded by belts considered to be openings in the cloudy atmosphere which invests it, and is accompanied by four moons, all nearly of the same size but at different distances, and with different periods of revolution round it; it is in volume 1300 times larger than that of the earth, while its weight is only 300 times that of the earth, is therefore less than one-fourth of the density of the earth.

The New Hacker's Dictionary

  1. jupiter

    [IRC] To kill an IRC bot or user and then take its place by adopting its nick so that it cannot reconnect. Named after a particular IRC user who did this to NickServ, the robot in charge of preventing people from inadvertently using a nick claimed by another user. Now commonly shortened to jupe.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Jupiter

    The fifth planet in order from the sun. It is one of the five outer planets of the solar system. Its sixteen natural satellites include Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, and Io.

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. jupiter

    The longest known of the superior planets, and the largest in the solar system; it is accompanied by four satellites.

Editors Contribution

  1. Jupiter

    A planet in the solar system.

    Jupiter has been explored by robotic spacecraft.

    Submitted by MaryC on May 3, 2015  

Suggested Resources

  1. jupiter

    The jupiter symbol -- In this Symbols.com article you will learn about the meaning of the jupiter symbol and its characteristic.

Mythology

  1. Jupiter

    (Ju′piter), son of Saturn and Cybele (or Ops), was born on Mount Ida, in Crete, and nourished by the goat Amalthaea. When quite young Jupiter rescued his father from the Titans; and afterward, with the help of Hercules, defeated the giants, the sons of earth, when they made war against heaven. Jupiter was worshiped with great solemnity under various names by most of the heathen nations. The Africans called him Ammon; the Babylonians, Belus; and the Egyptians, Osiris. He is represented as a majestic personage seated on a throne, holding in his hands a scepter and a thunderbolt; at his feet stood a spread eagle.

How to pronounce Jupiter?

How to say Jupiter in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Jupiter in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Jupiter in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of Jupiter in a Sentence

  1. Heidi Hammel:

    By monitoring auroral activity on exoplanets, we may be able to infer the presence of water on or within an exoplanet, now, it's not going to be easy — it's not as easy as Ganymede and Jupiter, and that wasn't easy. It may require a much larger telescope than Hubble, it may require some future space telescope, but nevertheless, it's a tool now that we didn't have prior to this work that Joachim and his team have done.

  2. Cheng Li:

    We found the water in the equator to be greater than what the Galileo probe measured, because the equatorial region is very unique at Jupiter, we need to compare these results with how much water is in other regions.

  3. Scott Sheppard:

    I was so thrilled with the amount of public engagement over the Jupiter moon-naming contest that we've decided to do another one to name these newly discovered Saturnian moons, this time, the moons must be named after giants from Norse, Gallic or Inuit mythology.

  4. Amy Simon:

    Every time we look at Jupiter, we get tantalizing hints that something really exciting is going on, this time is no exception.

  5. Michael Wong:

    Scientists track lightning because it is a marker of convection, the turbulent mixing process that transports Jupiter's internal heat up to the visible cloud tops, ongoing studies of lightning sources will help us understand how convection on Jupiter is different from or similar to convection in the Earth's atmosphere.

Images & Illustrations of Jupiter

  1. JupiterJupiterJupiterJupiterJupiter

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Translations for Jupiter

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    immoderately desirous of acquiring e.g. wealth
    • A. alternate
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