What does Huguenot mean?

Definitions for Huguenot
ˈhyu gəˌnɒt or, often, ˈyu-huguenot

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Huguenot.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Huguenotnoun

    a French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th centuries


  1. Huguenotnoun

    A member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the 16th and 17th century.

  2. Huguenotadjective

    Of, like or relating to Huguenotism or Huguenots.

  3. Etymology: From Huguenot, diminutive of Hugo, Hugon, Hugues, from Hug, Huc, from huge, from hugu, from huguz, of unknown origin. Cognate with hyge.


  1. Huguenot

    The Huguenots ( HEW-gə-nots, also UK: -⁠nohz, French: [yɡ(ə)no]) were a religious group of French Protestants who held to the Reformed, or Calvinist, tradition of Protestantism. The term, which may be derived from the name of a Swiss political leader, the Genevan burgomaster Bezanson Hugues (1491–1532?), was in common use by the mid-16th century. Huguenot was frequently used in reference to those of the Reformed Church of France from the time of the Protestant Reformation. By contrast, the Protestant populations of eastern France, in Alsace, Moselle, and Montbéliard, were mainly Lutherans. In his Encyclopedia of Protestantism, Hans Hillerbrand wrote that on the eve of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre in 1572, the Huguenot community made up as much as 10% of the French population. By 1600, it had declined to 7–8%, and was reduced further late in the century after the return of persecution under Louis XIV, who instituted the dragonnades to forcibly convert Protestants, and then finally revoked all Protestant rights in his Edict of Fontainebleau of 1685. The Huguenots were concentrated in the southern and western parts of the Kingdom of France. As Huguenots gained influence and more openly displayed their faith, Catholic hostility grew. A series of religious conflicts followed, known as the French Wars of Religion, fought intermittently from 1562 to 1598. The Huguenots were led by Jeanne d'Albret; her son, the future Henry IV (who would later convert to Catholicism in order to become king); and the princes of Condé. The wars ended with the Edict of Nantes, which granted the Huguenots substantial religious, political and military autonomy. Huguenot rebellions in the 1620s resulted in the abolition of their political and military privileges. They retained the religious provisions of the Edict of Nantes until the rule of Louis XIV, who gradually increased persecution of Protestantism until he issued the Edict of Fontainebleau (1685). This ended legal recognition of Protestantism in France and the Huguenots were forced to either convert to Catholicism (possibly as Nicodemites) or flee as refugees; they were subject to violent dragonnades. Louis XIV claimed that the French Huguenot population was reduced from about 900,000 or 800,000 adherents to just 1,000 or 1,500. He exaggerated the decline, but the dragonnades were devastating for the French Protestant community. The exodus of Huguenots from France created a brain drain, as many of them had occupied important places in society.The remaining Huguenots faced continued persecution under Louis XV. By the time of his death in 1774, Calvinism had been nearly eliminated from France. Persecution of Protestants officially ended with the Edict of Versailles, signed by Louis XVI in 1787. Two years later, with the Revolutionary Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789, Protestants gained equal rights as citizens.


  1. huguenot

    Huguenot is a term used to describe a French Protestant, particularly during the 16th and 17th centuries, following the teachings of theologian John Calvin. The Huguenots faced severe persecution for their religious beliefs by the predominantly Catholic state, which led to wars of religion in France and eventually many Huguenots fled to other countries.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Huguenotnoun

    a French Protestant of the period of the religious wars in France in the 16th century

  2. Etymology: [F., properly a dim. of Hugues. The name is probably derived from the Christian name (Huguenot) of some person conspicuous as a reformer.]


  1. Huguenot

    The Huguenots were members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the 16th and 17th centuries. French Protestants were inspired by the writings of John Calvin in the 1530s, and they were called Huguenots by the 1560s. By the end of the 17th century and into the 18th century, roughly 500,000 Huguenots had fled France during a series of religious persecutions. They relocated to Protestant nations, such as England, Scotland, Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, the Dutch Republic, the Electorate of Brandenburg, Electorate of the Palatinate, and the Duchy of Prussia, and also to the Dutch Cape Colony in present-day South Africa and the English 13 colonies of North America.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Huguenot

    hū′ge-not, or -nō, n. the name formerly given in France to an adherent of the Reformation. [Prob. a dim. of the personal name Hugo, Hugon, Hugues, Hugh, name of some French Calvinist, later a general nickname. Not the Swiss eidguenot, Ger. eidgenossen, confederates.]

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Huguenot in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Huguenot in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

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"Huguenot." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 28 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Huguenot>.

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