What does Eliza mean?

Definitions for Eliza

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Eliza.

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  1. ELIZAnoun

    A famous early chatbot that simulated conversation with a psychiatrist.

  2. Elizanoun

    A female given name from Hebrew, popular in the 19th century.

    "My real name's Eliza. I've sometimes thought she called me after Eliza Doolittle in Pygmalion." "Come again?" said Sean. "Because she intended to do the same thing with me as Pygmalion did with Galatea and as Professor Higgins did with Eliza Doolittle, he remade her to be the way he wanted her, or let's say he had an ideal and he tried to turn her into that." - - - "She said she didn't, anyway, when I asked her. She just liked the name."

  3. Etymology: Shortened from Elizabeth.


  1. ELIZA

    ELIZA is an early natural language processing computer program created from 1964 to 1966 at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Joseph Weizenbaum. Created to demonstrate the superficiality of communication between humans and machines, Eliza simulated conversation by using a "pattern matching" and substitution methodology that gave users an illusion of understanding on the part of the program, but had no built in framework for contextualizing events. Directives on how to interact were provided by "scripts", written originally in MAD-Slip, which allowed ELIZA to process user inputs and engage in discourse following the rules and directions of the script. The most famous script, DOCTOR, simulated a psychotherapist of the Rogerian school (in which the therapist often reflects back the patient's words to the patient), and used rules, dictated in the script, to respond with non-directional questions to user inputs. As such, ELIZA was one of the first chatterbots and one of the first programs capable of attempting the Turing test.ELIZA's creator, Weizenbaum, regarded the program as a method to show the superficiality of communication between man and machine, but was surprised by the number of individuals who attributed human-like feelings to the computer program, including Weizenbaum's secretary. Many academics believed that the program would be able to positively influence the lives of many people, particularly those with psychological issues, and that it could aid doctors working on such patients' treatment. While ELIZA was capable of engaging in discourse, ELIZA could not converse with true understanding. However, many early users were convinced of ELIZA's intelligence and understanding, despite Weizenbaum's insistence to the contrary. Surprisingly, the original ELIZA source-code has been missing since the 1960s as it was not common to publish articles that included source code at this time. However, more recently the MAD-Slip source-code has now been discovered in the MIT archives and published on various platforms, such as archive.org. The source-code is of high historical interest as it demonstrates not only the specificity of programming languages and techniques at that time, but also the beginning of software layering and abstraction as a means of achieving sophisticated software programming.


  1. ELIZA

    ELIZA is a computer program and an early example of primitive natural language processing. ELIZA operated by processing users' responses to scripts, the most famous of which was DOCTOR, a simulation of a Rogerian psychotherapist. Using almost no information about human thought or emotion, DOCTOR sometimes provided a startlingly human-like interaction. ELIZA was written at MIT by Joseph Weizenbaum between 1964 and 1966. When the "patient" exceeded the very small knowledge base, DOCTOR might provide a generic response, for example, responding to "My head hurts" with "Why do you say your head hurts?" The response to "My mother hates me" would be "Who else in your family hates you?" ELIZA was implemented using simple pattern matching techniques, but was taken seriously by several of its users, even after Weizenbaum explained to them how it worked. It was one of the first chatterbots in existence.

Suggested Resources

  1. eliza

    Song lyrics by eliza -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by eliza on the Lyrics.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. ELIZA

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Eliza is ranked #130610 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Eliza surname appeared 130 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Eliza.

    55.3% or 72 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    20.7% or 27 total occurrences were White.
    19.2% or 25 total occurrences were Black.
    4.6% or 6 total occurrences were Asian.

How to pronounce Eliza?

How to say Eliza in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Eliza in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Eliza in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of Eliza in a Sentence

  1. The Byers:

    It is only because of us seeing Eliza’s story and the O’Neills’ dedication to raising awareness that we got Will enrolled in this first-ever enzyme trial, it is still experimental; we don’t know if it will work. We’re just happy that he has a chance.

  2. Michael Weatherly.Before:

    During the course of taping our show, I made some jokes mocking some lines in the script. When Eliza Dushku told me that she wasn't comfortable with my language and attempt at humor, I was mortified to have offended her and immediately apologized, after reflecting on this further, I better understand that what I said was both not funny and not appropriate and I am sorry and regret the pain this caused Eliza Dushku.

  3. Katie Harley -LRB- right -RRB-:

    Eliza does not have any teeth, so she basically gummed at it for like maybe 30 seconds, then she was disinterested.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for Eliza

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    take away to an undisclosed location against their will and usually in order to extract a ransom
    • A. affront
    • B. loom
    • C. elaborate
    • D. abduct

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