What does Communism mean?
Definitions for Communism
ˈkɒm yəˌnɪz əmcom·mu·nism
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Communism.
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
Any political philosophy or ideology advocating holding the production of resources collectively.
Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
The international socialist society where classes and the state no longer exist.
The ideology of political parties that use the term Communist in their names, usually Marxist and Leninist.
The socio-economic system based on such parties' ideologies.
A state of affairs perceived as oppressive, overly arbitrary, or totalitarian.
Etymology: A calque of the word Kommunismus (from Marx and Engels's Manifesto of the German Communist Party), in turn a calque of the word communisme, which was formed from commun, from communis, and the suffix -isme.
Communism (from Latin communis, 'common, universal') is a sociopolitical, philosophical, and economic ideology and current within the socialist movement, whose goal is the establishment of a communist society, a socioeconomic order centered around common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange that allocates products to everyone in the society. Communist society also involves the absence of private property, social classes, money, and the state. Communists often seek a voluntary state of self-governance but disagree on the means to this end. This reflects a distinction between a more libertarian approach of communization, revolutionary spontaneity, and workers' self-management, and a more vanguardist or Communist party-driven approach through the development of a constitutional socialist state followed by the withering away of the state. As one of the main ideologies on the political spectrum, communism is placed on the left-wing alongside socialism, and communist parties and movements have been described as radical left or far left.Variants of communism have been developed throughout history, including anarcho-communism, Marxist schools of thought, and religious communism, among others. Communism includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism, Leninism, and libertarian communism, as well as the political ideologies grouped around those. All of these different ideologies generally share the analysis that the current order of society stems from capitalism, its economic system, and mode of production, that in this system there are two major social classes, that the relationship between these two classes is exploitative, and that this situation can only ultimately be resolved through a social revolution. The two classes are the proletariat (the working class), who make up the majority of the population within society and must sell their labor to survive, and the bourgeoisie (the capitalist class), a small minority that derives profit from employing the working class through private ownership of the means of production. According to this analysis, a communist revolution would put the working class in power, and in turn establish common ownership of property, the primary element in the transformation of society towards a communist mode of production.Communism in its modern form grew out of the socialist movement in 19th-century Europe, who blamed capitalism for the misery of urban factory workers. In the 20th century, several ostensibly Communist governments espousing Marxism–Leninism and its variants came into power, first in the Soviet Union with the Russian Revolution of 1917, and then in portions of Eastern Europe, Asia, and a few other regions after World War II. As one of the many types of socialism, communism became the dominant political tendency, along with social democracy, within the international socialist movement by the early 1920s. During most of the 20th century, around one-third of the world's population lived under Communist governments. These governments, which have been criticized by other leftists and socialists, were characterized by one-party rule and suppression of opposition and dissent. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, several previously Communist governments repudiated or abolished Communist rule altogether. Afterwards, only a small number of nominally Communist governments remained, which are China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea, and Vietnam.While the emergence of the Soviet Union as the world's first nominally Communist state led to communism's widespread association with the Soviet economic model, several scholars posit that in practice the model functioned as a form of state capitalism. Public memory of 20th-century Communist states has been described as a battleground between anti-anti-communism and anti-communism. Many authors have written about excess deaths under Communist states and mortality rates, such as excess mortality in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, which remain a controversial, polarized, and debated topic in academia, historiography, and politics when discussing communism and the legacy of Communist states.
a scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all
Etymology: [F. communisme, fr. commun common.]
Communism is a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production, as well as a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of this social order. This movement, in its Marxist–Leninist interpretations, significantly influenced the history of the 20th century, which saw intense rivalry between the "socialist world" and the "Western world". Marxist theory holds that pure communism or full communism is a specific stage of historical development that inevitably emerges from the development of the productive forces that leads to a superabundance of material wealth, allowing for distribution based on need and social relations based on freely associated individuals. Marxist theory contends that socialism is a transitional stage on the road to communism. Leninism adds to Marxism the notion of a vanguard party to lead the proletarian revolution and to secure all political power after the revolution for the working class, for the development of universal class consciousness and worker participation, in a transitional stage between capitalism and communism.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
kom′ū-nizm, n. a theory or condition of things according to which private property should be abolished, and all things held in common.—n. Comm′unist, one who holds such principles.—adj. Communist′ic, pertaining to communism.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
community of property in a State.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.
The numerical value of Communism in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of Communism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Examples of Communism in a Sentence
Rumors flying around that FEMA is ready to round you up and take you off to a concentration camp, forget about socialism. I think we're headed towards full blown communism and forget about your freedom of speech. Radio hosts are being kicked off the air for suggesting that we close our borders and stay away from illegal immigrants. Are you kidding me? What is going on? I am willing to get kicked off the air. Here I am. Come and get me. I am going down with a fight. Why on earth are we not allowed to have this conversation? There's a country that has a full blown epidemic and it's called Mexico. Why on earth is it racist for us to say we need to close our borders to them at this time?
Social Malware: Communism, Socialism, Marxism, Progressive Fascism are the Social Malware of our day. (Leonardo coined the phrase Social Malware)
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.:
Communism, avowedly secularistic and materialistic, has no place for God. This I could never accept,... I strongly disagreed with Communism’s ethical relativism… there are no fixed, immutable principles; consequently, almost anything—force, violence, murder, lying—is a justifiable means to the ‘millennial’ end.
Your children’s children will live under communism. You Americans are so gullible. No, you won’t accept Communism outright, but we’ll keep feeding you small doses of Socialism until you will finally wake up and find that you already have Communism. We won’t have to fight you; We’ll so weaken your economy, until you fall like overripe fruit into our hands.
Unfortunately, it has become a time capsule because what we know is Communism has failed anywhere it has been tried in the history of humanity … the only equality it delivers is equal misery for all of its residents.
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Translations for Communism
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- কমিউনিজম, সাম্যবাদBengali
- comunismeCatalan, Valencian
- kommunismeWestern Frisian
- co-mhaoineas, comannachdScottish Gaelic
- साम्यवाद, कम्युनिज्म, कम्युनिज़मHindi
- kommunistiussuseqKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- កុម្មុយនិស្តនិយម, លទ្ធិកុម្មុយនិស្តKhmer
- 共產主義, 공산주의Korean
- KommunismusLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- komunisme, faham komunisMalay
- komunìzam, комунѝзамSerbo-Croatian
- komünistlik, komünizmTurkish
- کمیونزم, سامیوادUrdu
- chủ nghĩa cộng sản, 主義共產Vietnamese
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"Communism." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 29 May 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Communism>.
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