What does Cleopatra mean?

Definitions for Cleopatra
ˌkli əˈpæ trə, -ˈpɑ-, -ˈpeɪ-cleopa·tra

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Cleopatra.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Cleopatranoun

    beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt; mistress of Julius Caesar and later of Mark Antony; killed herself to avoid capture by Octavian (69-30 BC)

Wiktionary

  1. Cleopatranoun

    A given name of women in the Ptolemy dynasty of Egypt; notably Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt (69 BC - 30 BC); last of the Ptolemy family.

  2. Etymology: From Κλεοπάτρα

Wikipedia

  1. Cleopatra

    Cleopatra VII Philopator (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ, "Cleopatra the father-beloved"; 69 BC – 10 August 30 BC) was Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt from 51 to 30 BC, and its last active ruler. A member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great. After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the last Hellenistic state in the Mediterranean and of the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander (336–323 BC). Her native language was Koine Greek, and she was the only Ptolemaic ruler to learn the Egyptian language.In 58 BC, Cleopatra presumably accompanied her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, during his exile to Rome after a revolt in Egypt (a Roman client state) allowed his rival daughter Berenice IV to claim his throne. Berenice was killed in 55 BC when Ptolemy returned to Egypt with Roman military assistance. When he died in 51 BC, the joint reign of Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy XIII began, but a falling-out between them led to open civil war. After losing the 48 BC Battle of Pharsalus in Greece against his rival Julius Caesar (a Roman dictator and consul) in Caesar's Civil War, the Roman statesman Pompey fled to Egypt. Pompey had been a political ally of Ptolemy XII, but Ptolemy XIII, at the urging of his court eunuchs, had Pompey ambushed and killed before Caesar arrived and occupied Alexandria. Caesar then attempted to reconcile the rival Ptolemaic siblings, but Ptolemy's chief adviser, Potheinos, viewed Caesar's terms as favoring Cleopatra, so his forces besieged her and Caesar at the palace. Shortly after the siege was lifted by reinforcements, Ptolemy XIII died in the 47 BC Battle of the Nile; Cleopatra's half-sister Arsinoe IV was eventually exiled to Ephesus for her role in carrying out the siege. Caesar declared Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy XIV joint rulers but maintained a private affair with Cleopatra that produced a son, Caesarion. Cleopatra traveled to Rome as a client queen in 46 and 44 BC, where she stayed at Caesar's villa. After the assassination of Caesar and (on her orders) Ptolemy XIV in 44 BC, she named Caesarion co-ruler as Ptolemy XV. In the Liberators' civil war of 43–42 BC, Cleopatra sided with the Roman Second Triumvirate formed by Caesar's grandnephew and heir Octavian, Mark Antony, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. After their meeting at Tarsos in 41 BC, the queen had an affair with Antony. He carried out the execution of Arsinoe at her request, and became increasingly reliant on Cleopatra for both funding and military aid during his invasions of the Parthian Empire and the Kingdom of Armenia. The Donations of Alexandria declared their children Alexander Helios, Cleopatra Selene II, and Ptolemy Philadelphus rulers over various erstwhile territories under Antony's triumviral authority. This event, their marriage, and Antony's divorce of Octavian's sister Octavia Minor led to the final war of the Roman Republic. Octavian engaged in a war of propaganda, forced Antony's allies in the Roman Senate to flee Rome in 32 BC, and declared war on Cleopatra. After defeating Antony and Cleopatra's naval fleet at the 31 BC Battle of Actium, Octavian's forces invaded Egypt in 30 BC and defeated Antony, leading to Antony's suicide. When Cleopatra learned that Octavian planned to bring her to his Roman triumphal procession, she killed herself by poisoning, contrary to the popular belief that she was bitten by an asp. Cleopatra's legacy survives in ancient and modern works of art. Roman historiography and Latin poetry produced a generally critical view of the queen that pervaded later Medieval and Renaissance literature. In the visual arts, her ancient depictions include Roman busts, paintings, and sculptures, cameo carvings and glass, Ptolemaic and Roman coinage, and reliefs. In Renaissance and Baroque art, she was the subject of many works including operas, paintings, poetry, sculptures, and theatrical dramas. She has become a pop culture icon of Egyptomania since the Victorian era, and in modern times, Cleopatra has appeared in the applied and fine arts, burlesque satire, Hollywood films, and brand images for commercial products.

ChatGPT

  1. cleopatra

    Cleopatra was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, reigning as queen from 51 BC to 30 BC. She is a historical figure, known for her intelligence, political astuteness, and romantic relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, which have been immortalised in various works of art and literature. Cleopatra is also famous for her dramatic death, allegedly by the bite of an asp (Egyptian cobra) after Mark Antony killed himself following his defeat by Octavian (later Emperor Augustus). She is an iconic figure in ancient history and popular culture.

Wikidata

  1. Cleopatra

    Cleopatra is a 1963 British-American-Swiss epic drama film directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. The screenplay was adapted by Sidney Buchman, Ben Hecht, Ranald MacDougall, and Mankiewicz from a book by Carlo Maria Franzero. The film starred Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Rex Harrison, Roddy McDowall, and Martin Landau. The music score was by Alex North. It was photographed in 70 mm Todd-AO by Leon Shamroy and an uncredited Jack Hildyard. Cleopatra chronicles the struggles of Cleopatra VII, the young Queen of Egypt, to resist the imperialist ambitions of Rome. In all of cinema history, Cleopatra is one of the most expensive films ever made. It received mixed reviews from critics, although critics and audiences alike generally praised Taylor and Burton's performances. It was the highest grossing film of 1963, earning US $26 million, yet made a loss due to its cost of $44 million, making it the only film ever to be the highest grossing film of the year yet to run at a loss; for this, the film has been considered a moderate box office failure. The film later won four Academy Awards, and was nominated for five more, including Best Picture.

Suggested Resources

  1. cleopatra

    Song lyrics by cleopatra -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by cleopatra on the Lyrics.com website.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Cleopatra in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Cleopatra in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of Cleopatra in a Sentence

  1. Jahseh Onfroy:

    So Cleopatra Bernard's scared. Cleopatra Bernard thinks I'm gon na kill Cleopatra Bernard.

  2. Glenn Godenho:

    Its worth pointing out that there is much to this place besides Cleopatra though archaeological work here is set to help us understand more about its role in trade between Mediterranean and African worlds, religious activity and afterlife beliefs, social structures and population. Theres also the question of how far back in time use of this place goes. Cleos just one thread of business, and we shouldnt take our eye off the bigger picture.

  3. Hayley Atwell:

    For me… just being part of that canon of great female parts that all actresses like to play, whether it be having your Lady Macbeth moment, your Cleopatra moment, those classic, iconic roles for women, for me, Margaret Schlegel in literature was very much that. Em [Thompson] knows all about it, and was very delighted for me.

  4. Gladys Baker:

    I watched all kinds of movies like 'Cleopatra' with Claudette Colbert, and I'd see it over and over and over and over again.

  5. William Shakespeare:

    Since Cleopatra died, I have liv'd in such dishonour that the gods Detest my baseness.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

Cleopatra#10000#25267#100000

Translations for Cleopatra

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"Cleopatra." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 19 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Cleopatra>.

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