What does Calcutta mean?

Definitions for Calcutta
kælˈkʌt əcal·cut·ta

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Calcutta.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Kolkata, Calcuttanoun

    the largest city in India and one of the largest cities in the world; located in eastern India; suffers from poverty and overcrowding


  1. Calcuttanoun

    Former name of Kolkata, the State capital of West Bengal (India).


  1. calcutta

    Kolkata (UK: or , US: , Bengali: [kolˈkata] (listen); also known as Calcutta , the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal, on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River 80 km (50 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh. It is the primary business, commercial, and financial hub of Eastern India and the main port of communication for North-East India. According to the 2011 Indian census, Kolkata is the seventh-most populous city in India, with a population of 45 lakh (4.5 million) residents within the city. It is a part of Kolkata Metropolitan Area (or known as Greater Kolkata) which has a population of over 1.41 crore (14.1 million) residents making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India. In 2021, the Kolkata metropolitan area crossed 1.5 crore (15 million) registered voters. The Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. Kolkata is regarded as the cultural capital of India. Kolkata is the second largest Bengali-speaking city after Dhaka. It has the highest number of nobel laureates among all cities in India.In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified trading post known as Fort William. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756, and the East India Company retook it the following year. In 1793 the East India Company was strong enough to abolish native rule, and assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under company rule and later under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911. In that year, after assessing its geographical location, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal (Calcutta became the centre for the Indian independence movement), the British moved the capital to the relatively more centrally located New Delhi. Following independence in 1947, Kolkata, which was once the premier centre of Indian commerce, culture, and politics, suffered many decades of political violence and economic stagnation before it rebounded. A demographically diverse global city, the culture of Kolkata features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle conversations (adda). Kolkata is home to eastern India's film industry, known as Tollywood, and cultural institutions, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum, and the National Library of India. Among scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association. Four Nobel laureates and two Nobel Memorial Prize winners are associated with the city. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata stands out in India for being the country's centre of association football and also having strong culture in other sports less widespread elsewhere. Hence, Kolkata is also known as 'the city of joy'.


  1. calcutta

    Calcutta, now known as Kolkata, is the capital city of the Indian state West Bengal. It is located on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River and is one of the major cultural, commercial, and education hubs of India. It was the capital of British India until 1911. Known for its literary, artistic, and revolutionary heritage, it is often referred to as the "cultural capital of India."

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Calcutta

    on the left bank of the Hooghly, the largest and westernmost branch of the Ganges delta, about 80 m. from the sea; is the capital of Bengal and the Indian Empire, and the residence of the Governor-General; the Government buildings, Bishop's College (now an engineering school) High Court, town hall, bank, museum, university, St. Paul's cathedral, and many other English Buildings have earned for it the name "city of palaces"; but the native quarters, though being improved, are still squalid, the houses of mud or bamboo; an esplanade, numerous quays, an excellent water-supply, gas, and tramway services, add to the amenities; there are extensive dockyards, warehouses, iron-works, timber yards, and jute mills; extensive railway and steamboat communications make it the chief emporium of commerce in Asia; ships of 5000 tons enter the docks; founded in 1686, Calcutta was captured by Surajah Dowlah, and the "Black Hole" massacre perpetrated in 1756; became the capital of India in 1772, and has suffered frequently from cyclones; the population are two-thirds Hindus, less than a third Mohammedan, and 4½ per cent. Christian.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. calcutta

    Capital of Bengal and British India; the first settlement of the English here was made in 1689. The town was attacked and taken by an army of 70,000 horse and foot and 400 elephants (146 of the British were crammed into the “Black-Hole prison,” a dungeon about 16 feet square, from whence 23 only came forth alive next day), June 20, 1756; it was retaken by Clive, January 2, 1757.

Suggested Resources

  1. calcutta

    Song lyrics by calcutta -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by calcutta on the Lyrics.com website.

Etymology and Origins

  1. Calcutta

    From Kalikutta, “the village of Kali,” the goddess of time.

How to pronounce Calcutta?

How to say Calcutta in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Calcutta in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Calcutta in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of Calcutta in a Sentence

  1. Mother Teresa:

    I always thought the bible would be better if there were light sabers in it. When I told this to God he banished me to Calcutta.

  2. Airplane:

    Ted Striker It was a rough place - the seediest dive on the wharf. Populated with every reject and cutthroat from Bombay to Calcutta. It's worse than Detroit.

  3. Will Parks:

    We had to send a Bhutanese pilot to Calcutta to meet that flight and he navigated that flight into Paro.

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Translations for Calcutta

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"Calcutta." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 22 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Calcutta>.

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