What does Bengal mean?

Definitions for Bengal
bɛnˈgɔl, -ˈgɑl, bɛŋ-; ˈbɛn gəl, ˈbɛŋ-ben·gal

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word Bengal.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Bengalnoun

    a region whose eastern part is now Bangladesh and whose western part is included in India


  1. Bengalnoun

    A short-haired domestic cat breed, which originated in the United States.

  2. Bengalnoun

    A cat of this breed.

  3. Bengalnoun

    A region in the northeast of South Asia.

  4. Bengalnoun

    A player on the team The Cincinnati Bengals.

    Jones became a Bengal in a trade for Smith.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Bengalnoun

    A sort of thin slight stuff, made of silk and hair, for womens apparel.

    Etymology: from Bengal in the East Indies.


  1. Bengal

    Bengal ( ben-GAWL; Bengali: বাংলা/বঙ্গ, romanized: Bānglā/Bôngô, pronounced [ˈbɔŋgo] (listen)) is a historical geographical, ethnolinguistic and cultural term referring to the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal. The region of Bengal proper is divided between modern-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. The Indian state of Tripura and the Barak Valley in the Indian state of Assam are also considered part of the Bengali cultural region. The administrative jurisdiction of Bengal historically extended beyond the territory of Bengal proper. Bengal ceased to be a single unit after the partition of India in 1947. Various Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austric and other peoples inhabited the region since antiquity. The ancient Vanga Kingdom is widely regarded as the namesake of the Bengal region. The Bengali calendar dates back to the reign of Shashanka in the 4th century. The Pala Empire was founded in Bengal during the 8th century. The Sena dynasty ruled between the 11th and 13th centuries. By the 14th century, Bengal was absorbed by Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent. An independent Bengal Sultanate was formed and became the eastern frontier of the Islamic world. During this period, Bengal's rule and influence spread to Assam, Arakan, Tripura, Bihar, and Orissa. Mughal Bengal later emerged as a prosperous part of the Mughal Empire. The last independent Nawab of Bengal was defeated in 1757 at the Battle of Plassey by the British Empire's East India Company. The company's Bengal Presidency grew into the largest administrative unit of British India with Calcutta as the capital of India. At its peak, the presidency stretched from Burma, Penang, Singapore and Malacca in the east to The Punjab and Ceded and Conquered Provinces in the west. Bengal was gradually re-organized by the early 20th century. As a result of first partition of Bengal, a short-lived province called Eastern Bengal and Assam existed between 1905 and 1911 with its capital in the former Mughal capital Dhaka. Following the Sylhet referendum and votes by the Bengal Legislative Council and Bengal Legislative Assembly, the region was again divided along religious lines in 1947.


  1. bengal

    Bengal is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region located in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent by the Bay of Bengal. It is divided between the Republic of Bangladesh, where it makes up the country's eastern region, and the Indian state of West Bengal. The region is known for its rich culture, literature, and diverse religious history. The Bengal tiger, a symbol of the region, is one of the most famous species found there.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Bengalnoun

    a province in India, giving its name to various stuffs, animals, etc

  2. Bengalnoun

    a thin stuff, made of silk and hair, originally brought from Bengal

  3. Bengalnoun

    striped gingham, originally brought from Bengal; Bengal stripes


  1. Bengal

    Bengal is a historical and geographical ethno-linguistic region in South Asia, forming an eastern region of the Indian subcontinent, at the apex of the Bay of Bengal. Today, the region is divided between the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India. Within India, the Bengali-sphere consists of the states of West Bengal and Tripura, as well as the Barak Valley in South Assam and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The region is native to the Bengali people, who speak the Indo-Aryan Bengali language, as well as various indigenous minorities, including the Santal, Chakma, Tripuri, Garo and Marma peoples. The region of Bengal is one of the most densely populated regions on Earth, with an estimated population of more than 250 million people and a population density exceeding 900/km². Most of the Bengal region lies in the low-lying Ganges–Brahmaputra River Delta or Ganges Delta, the world's largest delta. In the southern part of the delta lies the Sundarbans—the world's largest mangrove forest and home of the Bengal tiger. In the coastal southeast lies Cox's Bazar, the world's longest beach with a length of 120 km. Though the population of the region is mostly rural and agrarian, two megacities, Kolkata and Dhaka; are located in Bengal. The Bengal region is renowned for its rich literary and cultural heritage; as well as its immense political and intellectual contribution to South Asian history, through the Bengal Renaissance and revolutionary activities; and its central role in the Indian independence movement; the Bengali language movement and the liberation of Bangladesh.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Bengal

    one of the three Indian presidencies, but more particularly a province lying in the plain of the Lower Ganges and the delta of the Ganges-Brahmaputra, with the Himalayas on the N. At the base of the mountains are great forests; along the seaboard dense jungles. The climate is hot and humid, drier at Behar, and passing through every gradation up to the snow-line. The people are engaged in agriculture, raising indigo, jute, opium, rice, tea, cotton, sugar, &c. Coal, iron, and copper mines are worked in Burdwân. The manufactures are of cotton and jute. The population is mixed in blood and speech, but Hindus speaking Bengali predominate. Education is further advanced than elsewhere; there are fine colleges affiliated to Calcutta University, and many other scholastic institutions. The capital, Calcutta, is the capital of India; the next town in size is Patna (165).

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. bengal

    Chief presidency of British India, containing Calcutta, the capital. Its governors were delegated by the sovereigns of Delhi till 1340, when it became independent. It was added to the Mogul empire by Baber about 1529.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records


    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Bengal is ranked #133863 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Bengal surname appeared 126 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Bengal.

    95.2% or 120 total occurrences were White.

Matched Categories

How to pronounce Bengal?

How to say Bengal in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Bengal in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Bengal in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Examples of Bengal in a Sentence

  1. Yashwant Sinha:

    The delight of the PM (prime minister) at the sight of a large crowd at his election meeting in Asansol (West Bengal) in Covid times could have come only from a person who is completely insensitive, i deplore his remarks.

  2. Md Shahnewaz Khan:

    Three years ago, Popy and her family migrated from an island in the Bay of Bengal to the slums.

  3. Police Madhur Verma:

    The West Bengal police has been informed and they are traveling to Delhi. They will take the girls, who are currently in a children's home, back to their families.

  4. Sharif Mukul:

    Fresh water is crucial for Bengal tigers to survive, if sea levels [ continue ] to rise, Bengal tigers might not have any way to [ survive ].

  5. Universal Studios/Getty Images:

    I simply look out my windows … [ and admire ] the beauty of the Shambala Preserve, there is nothing quite as beautiful as the view from my dining room window of Mona -- a magnificent Bengal tiger -- walking across her compound.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for Bengal

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"Bengal." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 23 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/Bengal>.

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