Definitions for tyrosine decarboxylase

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  1. Tyrosine decarboxylase

    In enzymology, a tyrosine decarboxylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-tyrosine, and two products, tyramine and carbon dioxide. This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-tyrosine carboxy-lyase. Other names in common use include L-tyrosine decarboxylase, L--tyrosine apodecarboxylase, and L-tyrosine carboxy-lyase. This enzyme participates in tyrosine metabolism and alkaloid biosynthesis. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Tyrosine Decarboxylase

    A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that catalyzes the conversion of L-tyrosine to tyramine and carbon dioxide. The bacterial enzyme also acts on 3-hydroxytyrosine and, more slowly, on 3-hydroxyphenylalanine. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.1.1.25.

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