Definitions for socageˈsɒk ɪdʒ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word socage
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
(in medieval England) the system permitting a tenant to hold land in exchange for specified services or the payment of rent, and not requiring military service on behalf of the lord.
Origin of socage:
1275–1325; ME sokage < AF socage=socsoke+-age -age
land tenure by agricultural service or payment of rent; not burdened with military service
In the Middle Ages, a system whereby a tenant would pay a rent or do some agricultural work for the landlord.
Origin: From sokage, from socage from . More at soke, -age.
a tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight's service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be certain, in order to be denominated socage, as to hold by fealty and twenty shillings rent
Socage was one of the feudal duties and hence land tenure forms in the feudal system. A farmer, for example, held the land in exchange for a clearly defined, fixed payment to be made at specified intervals to his feudal lord, who in turn had his own feudal obligations, to the farmer and to the Crown. In theory this might involve supplying the lord with produce but most usually it meant a straightforward payment of cash, i.e., rent. In this respect it contrasted with other forms of tenure including serjeanty and frankalmoin. For those higher up the feudal pyramid, there was also knight-service as a condition of land tenure. The English statute Quia Emptores of Edward I established that socage tenure passed automatically from one generation to the next. As feudalism declined, socage tenure increased until it became the normal form of tenure in the Kingdom of England. In 1660, the Statute of Tenures ended the remaining forms of military service and all free tenures were converted into socage.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
name given to a feudal tenure by a certain and determinate service other than knight service.
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