Definitions for scalpelˈskæl pəl
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a small, light, usu. straight knife used in surgical and anatomical operations and dissections.
Origin of scalpel:
1735–45; < L scalpellum, dim. of scalprum tool for scraping or paring (der. of scalpere to scratch; see castle )
a thin straight surgical knife used in dissection and surgery
A small straight knife with a very sharp blade used for surgery, dissection and craftwork.
Origin: scalpellum, from scalprum, from scalpere.
a small knife with a thin, keen blade, -- used by surgeons, and in dissecting
A scalpel, or lancet, is a small and extremely sharp bladed instrument used for surgery, anatomical dissection, and various arts and crafts. Scalpels may be single-use disposable or re-usable. Re-usable scalpels can have attached, resharpenable blades or, more commonly, non-attached, replaceable blades. Disposable scalpels usually have a plastic handle with an extensible blade and are used once, then the entire instrument discarded. Scalpel blades are usually individually packed in sterile pouches but are also offered non-sterile. Double-edged scalpels are referred to as "lancets". Scalpel blades are usually made of hardened and tempered steel, stainless steel, or high carbon steel; in addition, titanium, ceramic, diamond and even obsidian knives are not uncommon. For example, when performing surgery under MRI guidance, steel blades are unusable or may cause image artifacts. Scalpel blades are also offered by select manufacturers with a Zirconium Nitride coated edge to improve sharpness and edge retention. Others manufacture blades that are polymer coated to enhance lubricity during a cut. Alternatives to scalpels in surgical applications include electrocautery and lasers.
Translations for scalpel
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a small knife with a thin blade, used in surgical operations.
- مِشْرَط، مِبْضَعArabic
- bisturiPortuguese (BR)
- das SkalpellGerman
- escalpelo, bisturíSpanish
- چاقوي كوچك جراحيFarsi
- אִזמֶל נִיתוּחִיםHebrew
- स्कैलपेल, क्षुरिकाHindi
- pisau operasiIndonesian
- 외과용 메스Korean
- skalpell; disseksjonsknivNorwegian
- چاقوي كوچك جراحيPersian
- د جراحى چاړه،Pashto
- 手術刀，解剖刀Chinese (Trad.)
- عظم تراشUrdu
- dao mổ(y học)Vietnamese
- 手术刀，解剖刀Chinese (Simp.)
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