a thin straight surgical knife used in dissection and surgery
A small straight knife with a very sharp blade used for surgery, dissection and craftwork.
Origin: scalpellum, from scalprum, from scalpere.
a small knife with a thin, keen blade, -- used by surgeons, and in dissecting
Origin: [L. scalpellum, dim. of scalprum a knife, akin to scalpere to cut, carve, scrape: cf. F. scalpel.]
A scalpel, or lancet, is a small and extremely sharp bladed instrument used for surgery, anatomical dissection, and various arts and crafts. Scalpels may be single-use disposable or re-usable. Re-usable scalpels can have attached, resharpenable blades or, more commonly, non-attached, replaceable blades. Disposable scalpels usually have a plastic handle with an extensible blade and are used once, then the entire instrument discarded. Scalpel blades are usually individually packed in sterile pouches but are also offered non-sterile. Double-edged scalpels are referred to as "lancets". Scalpel blades are usually made of hardened and tempered steel, stainless steel, or high carbon steel; in addition, titanium, ceramic, diamond and even obsidian knives are not uncommon. For example, when performing surgery under MRI guidance, steel blades are unusable or may cause image artifacts. Scalpel blades are also offered by select manufacturers with a Zirconium Nitride coated edge to improve sharpness and edge retention. Others manufacture blades that are polymer coated to enhance lubricity during a cut. Alternatives to scalpels in surgical applications include electrocautery and lasers.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
skalp′el, n. a small surgical knife for dissecting and operating.—n. Scalpel′lum, one of the four filamentous organs in the proboscis of hemipterous insects:—pl. Scalpel′la.—adj. Scal′priform, chisel-shaped, specifically said of the incisor teeth of rodents. [L. scalpellum, dim. of scalprum, a knife—scalpĕre, to cut.]
The numerical value of scalpel in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of scalpel in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
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Translations for scalpel
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- μαχαιρίδιο, νυστέριGreek
- bisturí, escalpeloSpanish
- leikkausveitsi, skalpelliFinnish
- scalpello, bisturiItalian
- メス, 円刃刀Japanese
- pilaanermut savikKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- scalpeermes, scalpelDutch
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