Definitions for roughrʌf

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word rough

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

roughrʌf(adj.; n.; adv.; v.)rough•er, rough•est

  1. (adj.)having a coarse or uneven surface, as from projections, irregularities, or breaks.

  2. shaggy or coarse:

    a dog with a rough coat.

  3. steep or uneven and covered with high grass, brush, stones, etc.; wild:

    rough country.

  4. acting with or characterized by violence:

    a rough sport.

  5. characterized by turbulence:

    rough seas.

  6. stormy or tempestuous, as wind or weather.

  7. lacking in gentleness, care, or consideration:

    rough handling.

  8. sharp or harsh:

    rough words.

  9. unmannerly or rude.

  10. disorderly or riotous:

    a rough mob.

  11. difficult or unpleasant:

    to have a rough time of it.

  12. harsh to the ear.

  13. harsh to the taste.

  14. coarse, as food.

  15. lacking culture or refinement.

  16. without comforts or conveniences:

    rough camping.

  17. not elaborated, perfected, or corrected; unpolished:

    a rough draft.

  18. approximate or tentative:

    a rough guess.

  19. crude, nonprocessed, or unprepared:

    rough rice.

  20. requiring exertion or strength:

    rough manual labor.

  21. (n.)something that is rough, esp. rough ground.

  22. any part of a golf course bordering the fairway on which the grass, weeds, etc., are not trimmed.

    Category: Sport

  23. the unpleasant or difficult part of anything.

  24. anything in its crude or preliminary form, as a drawing.

  25. (adv.)in a rough manner; roughly.

  26. (v.t.)to make rough; roughen.

  27. to subject to physical violence (usu. fol. by up).

  28. to subject to some rough, preliminary process of working or preparation.

  29. to sketch roughly or in outline (often fol. by in or out).

  30. to subject (a player on an opposing team) to unnecessary physical abuse, as in blocking or tackling.

    Category: Sport

  31. (v.i.)to become rough, as a surface.

  32. to behave roughly.

Idioms for rough:

  1. rough it,to live without customary comforts or conveniences.

    Category: Idiom

Origin of rough:

bef. 1000; ME (adj. and n.), OE rūh (adj.), c. MD rū(ch), OHG rūh (G rauh)


Princeton's WordNet

  1. rough(adj)

    the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short

  2. rough, unsmooth(adj)

    having or caused by an irregular surface

    "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"

  3. rough(adj)

    (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse

    "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"

  4. approximate, approximative, rough(adj)

    not quite exact or correct

    "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"

  5. rocky, rough(adj)

    full of hardship or trials

    "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"

  6. boisterous, fierce, rough(adj)

    violently agitated and turbulent

    "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"

  7. grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy(adj)

    unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound

    "a gravelly voice"

  8. pugnacious, rough(adj)

    ready and able to resort to force or violence

    "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"

  9. rough(adj)

    of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped

  10. rough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy(adj)

    causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements

    "a rough ride"

  11. uncut, rough(adj)

    not shaped by cutting or trimming

    "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"

  12. crude, rough(adj)

    not carefully or expertly made

    "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"

  13. rough(adj)

    not perfected

    "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"

  14. harsh, rough(adj)

    unpleasantly stern

    "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"

  15. harsh, rough(verb)

    unkind or cruel or uncivil

    "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer"

  16. rough in, rough, rough out(adverb)

    prepare in preliminary or sketchy form

  17. roughly, rough(adverb)

    with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')

    "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough"

  18. roughly, rough(adverb)

    with rough motion as over a rough surface

    "ride rough"

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. rough(adjective)ʌf

    ≠ smooth

    a rough road; My skin felt dry and rough.

  2. roughʌf

    (of a calculation or guess) not exact; = approximate

    a rough estimate of the price; I only had a rough idea of what to do.

  3. roughʌf

    (of a situation) difficult to deal with; = tough

    She had a rough childhood.

  4. roughʌf

    ≠ gentle

    their rough treatment of the animals

  5. roughʌf

    (of an area) full of violence

    one of the roughest parts of town

  6. roughʌf

    (of the ocean) with lots of waves

    a ship sailing in rough seas

  7. roughʌf

    not finished or perfected

    a rough wooden carving


  1. rough(Noun)

    The unmowed part of a golf course.

  2. rough(Noun)

    A crude person.

  3. rough(Noun)

    A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.

  4. rough(Noun)

    The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.

  5. rough(Noun)

    A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.

  6. rough(Verb)

    To create in an approximate form.

    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.

  7. rough(Verb)

    To physically assault someone in retribution for something specific.

    The gangsters roughed him up a little.

  8. rough(Verb)

    To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.

  9. rough(Adjective)

    Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.

  10. rough(Adjective)


    A rough estimate.

  11. rough(Adjective)


    The sea was rough.

  12. rough(Adjective)

    Difficult; trying.

    Being a teenager these days can be rough.

  13. rough(Adjective)

    Crude; unrefined

    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.

  14. rough(Adjective)

    Violent; not careful or subtle

    This box has been through some rough handling.

  15. Origin: From ruh, cognate with West Frisian rûch, Low German rug.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Rough(noun)

    having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth

  2. Rough(noun)

    not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road

  3. Rough(noun)

    not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond

  4. Rough(noun)

    tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water

  5. Rough(noun)

    marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat

  6. Rough(noun)

    hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish

  7. Rough(noun)

    not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper

  8. Rough(noun)

    marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions

  9. Rough(noun)

    loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers

  10. Rough(noun)

    austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine

  11. Rough(noun)

    tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day

  12. Rough(noun)

    hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught

  13. Rough(noun)

    produced offhand

  14. Rough(noun)

    boisterous weather

  15. Rough(noun)

    a rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy

  16. Rough(adverb)

    in a rough manner; rudely; roughly

  17. Rough(verb)

    to render rough; to roughen

  18. Rough(verb)

    to break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes

  19. Rough(verb)

    to cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch


  1. Rough

    Rough is a romantic comedy swimming manga by Mitsuru Adachi. It was published by Shogakukan in Weekly Shōnen Sunday from 1987 to 1989, and collected in 12 tankōbon volumes. The series was adapted into a live action film in 2006, released in Japan by Toho. The story is about high school student Keisuke Yamato, a 100 m freestyle swimmer, and Ami Ninomiya, the diver he falls in love with. Their families own rival confectionery stores, and Ami hates Keisuke's family because she believes her grandfather was driven to an early death because of the Yamato "horned owl" manju, which outsold her family's owl manju because it had ears, making it larger.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3126

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2032

  3. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Adjectives Frequency: #390

Translations for rough

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary


not smooth

Her skin felt rough.

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